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Bashou1 Yara Bashour ESL 186 Bridgette Vera 9, May, 2018 Research paper Essay Research Essay Introduction: Sea level rising becomes controversial issue. It extends beyond a hypothetical case and guesses. Studies show that Sea levels have risen some 20 centimeters over the past 100 years, and are currently rising at about three millimeters per year (McIInes). These results mixed with the massive number of shambles on environmental phenomena caused by rising sea level. This paper explores what is the impact of sea level on the environment. Research found that the continued rise in sea-levels directly affects the environment in a variety of ways which makes it imperative for people to emphasize the incidence on beach and coastal erosion; other living organisms and non-coastal communities. Body #1 For the states that beaches are in stable status of flooding, rising, and eroding because of sea level change. As a result, there is a big influence of sea level rise on coastal erosion. There are several of phenomena must be taken into consideration (Schwartz).studies completed by Per Buurn, of coastal erosion is related to sea level rise. Buurn reported that, in an equilibrium beach, sediment eroded from upper shore to the nearshore bottom, bringing up the bottom equal to rise of sea level. It found that after calculating the sea level divided by the average slope that 30 Bashou2 contesters rise in sea level over the next 50 and 60 years, most of the sandy beaches will erode 15 to 30 centimeter depending on the slope TITUS (2004). The Indian Island beach on St. Vincent would be destroyed.(analysis how does this example convince the reader you can start with because …sea level rise has a bad impact on coastal erosion ) which means your opinion Thus, wary should be taken of the risk of sea level rise on coastal erosion. Body#2 Sea level rise conditions are expected to impact negatively on marine organisms and correlating fishes. As state fish, birds and animals have absorbed floodwater (Weeks). Animals absorb water because of the big quantities of water that invaded the land. For instance, the US notes, Louisiana coastal and Florida everglades are eroding, which constitutes a massive threaten to most of organisms.( give analysis how does this examples impact the organisms and birds) Therefore sea level change would affect organisms and pose a danger on welfare fishes. (Connect the examples) Body#3 As declared Sea-level rise also will have notable effects on non-coastal communities, as populations retreat from the coasts and relocate (Swope). On concentration here on a recent study by Hauer, et al., in ”Nature Climate Change” esteems that 13.1 million Americans lastly will relocate due to sea-level rise and that Atlanta, Houston, and Phoenix are estimated to be drown .Because of proximity of these cities from the sea. A research in, “Cities Need to Plan Nowfor flooding from Sea Level Rise” by Llinda K. Breggln. Miami beaches are the most aggressive at addressing sea level rise, spending already 100 million dollars on flood defense. Scientists found that flooding worldwide might cause one trillion dollars in losses by 2100 to be Bashou3 under water that are at present home to more than 150 million people(Swope). However, local governments are requiring building to be designed to put the first finish over floodplain elevation. Therefore, this gives a proof that some areas that are close to the coast are heavily threatened to be submerged. (why is that important that that some areas that are close to the coast would be submerged ) Counter- Argument: We live in a society where thinking over is not significant .As stated , Sea level rise is an issue that can be solved by increasing the capacity to adapt changes inescapable(Openheimer 673).In focus here on critical sea level rising problem, In “ Adapting to climate change” a study perform by Micheal Openheimer. Sea-level rise about 15–20 centimeters about 7 inches over the past century. Which it is almost not a high rate. Oppenheimer believes it’s not enough evidence to expect it would be rate that causes environmental disaster (674). Similarly, a study by the NOAA claims THE temperature of land and sea has increased 0.7 degrees Celsius over the past 135 years. While it has taken 100 years to increase 0.5 degree Celsius rise in air temperature to occur. Whilst the atmosphere is greater than the 2.25 miles in sea depth, this means the much higher density of water it takes 1000 time the energy to raise the sea temperature one degree than to impact the air temperature .Finally, this gives us thousands of year to worry about changes of sea level. This evidence proves exaggeration in facts of some aspects that causes sea level rise. Conclusion: In conclusion, this paper aimed to explore the effectiveness of sea-level rise on environment. It is notable that’s the effect of sea level rise will increase in the future .Therefore, Bashou4 in order to be aware of this issue many consequences should be in account to preserve human and land lives. (add a solution in the conclusion) Citeation ( correct the citiion and put it in MLA format) Breggin, Linda K. "Reports: Cities Need to Plan Now for Flooding from Sea-Level Rise." Environmental Forum, vol. 35, no. 1, Jan/Feb2018, p. 11. EBSCOhost, Chen, Luzhen, and Wenqing Wang. "Ecophysiological Responses of Viviparous Mangrove Rhizophora stylosa Seedlings to Simulated Sea-Level Rise." Journal of Coastal Crothers, Joanna. "Rising Sea Levels, Stronger Waves Speeding Up Victorian Coastal Erosion, CSIRO Says." ABC News. N.p., 2016. Web. 2 May 2018. Schwartz, Maurice. "Sea-Level Rise Influence on Caribbean Coastal Erosion." Journal of Coastal Research (2005): 279-284. Oppenheimer, Michael. "Adapting to Climate Change: Rising Sea Levels, Limiting Risks." Social Research: An International Quarterly 82.3 (2015): 673-680. Valdemarsen, Thomas, et al. "Benthic Macrofauna Bioturbation and Early Colonization in Newly Flooded Coastal Habitats." Plos ONE, vol. 13, no. 4, 25 Apr. 2018, pp. 1-21. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0196097. Bashou5 Oppenheimer, Michael. "Adapting to Climate Change: Rising Sea Levels, Limiting Risks." Social Research: An International Quarterly 82.3 (2015): 673-680. Chen, Luzhen, and Wenqing Wang. "Ecophysiological Responses of Viviparous Mangrove Rhizophora stylosa Seedlings to Simulated Sea-Level Rise." Journal of Coastal Schwartz, Maurice. "Sea-Level Rise Influence on Caribbean Coastal Erosion." Journal of Coastal Research (2005): 279-284. Valdemarsen, Thomas, et al. "Benthic Macrofauna Bioturbation and Early Colonization in Newly Flooded Coastal Habitats." Plos ONE, vol. 13, no. 4, 25 Apr. 2018, pp. 1-21. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0196097. Crothers, Joanna. "Rising Sea Levels, Stronger Waves Speeding Up Victorian Coastal Erosion, CSIRO Says." ABC News. N.p., 2016. Web. 2 May 2018. Bashout Yara Bashour ESL 186 Bridgette Vera a may 2018 9. May, 2018 Research paper Font TNR Research Essay Introducion: vT art cestowanie Sea level rising becomes controversial issue. It extends beyond a hypothetical case and guesses S Studies show that sea levels have risen some 20 centimeters over the past 100 years, and are currently unts rising at about three millimeters per year (Mclines these resul mixed with the massive number of NC shambles on environmental phenomena caused by rising sea level. This paper explores what is the impact of sea level on the environment. Research found that the continued rise in sea levels directly affects the environment in a variety of ways which makes it imperative for people to emphasize the incidence on beach and coastal erosior other living Dans la non-coastal communities, ? cause t effect Boo1 whose that For the states the beaches are in stable status of flooding, rising, and eroding because of Fras sea level change. As a result, there is a big influence of sea level rise on coastal erosion. There are several of phenomena must be taken into consideration (Schwartz) studies completed by Per Buurn, of coastal erosion is related to sea level rise, Buum reported that, in an equilibrium beach, sediment eroded from upper shore to the nearshore bottom, bringing up the bottom equal to rise of sea level. It found that after calculating the sea level divided by the average slope that 30 word chce Bashou 2 темат, contesters rise in sea level over the next 50 and 60 years, most of the sandy beaches will erode 15 to 30 centimeter depending on the slope TITUS (2004). cfore, as a lyft of the survey, many countries will survive such as Crand Beach on Barbados Grand Ansawn Grenada, the n analysis How? positione? RSS Indian Island beach on St. Vincent would be destroyed. Thus, wary should be taken of the risk of sea level rise on coastal erosion OU Body#2 P/Agr Sea level rise conditions is expected to impact marine organisms and correlating fishes. word chole As stated fish, birds and animals have absorbed floodwater Wecks) Because of the big quantities of water that invaded the land. The US confesses, Louisiana coastal and Florida cverglades are croding, which constiotes a massive threaten gli iosept organisms. In sausing the environmental impact of beach nourishen stady conducted by Charles H. and Melanie J. Bishop that the rise in beaches represents a migration for shorebirds and crabs. Besides, the endangered sea turtles that foods suffishes. Therefore sea level change would affect organisms and pose a danger on welfare fishes, examples but does not connect them or fully explain their significance An declared Sea-level rise also where the efforts on non-comtal communities, as this Your Claim or Someone elses? The ts is your iden. ate exam This has many Body populations retreat from the coasts and relocate (Swopel Ortion or on a recent study by H. et al, in "Nature Climate Change stems that 1.1 million American fastly will receivelse at All Hd Phoenix maled to drowth House of proximity of these cities from the research in Cities Need to Plan Now for flooding from Sea Level Rise" byllinda K. Brogeln. Miami Beaches are the most Sea addressing sea levelse, spending already 100 million dollars on food defe ate Scientists found that the meetodoaby zobe Bashou under water that are at present home to more than 150 million peopleSwope). However, local governments are requiring building to be designed to put the first finish over floodplain elevation. Therefore, this gives a proof that some areas that are close to the coast are heavily threatened to be submerged. Why is this important? This is not a speafic counter Counter-Argument: No 1st person We live in a society where thinking over is not significant As Sentet; Sea level rise is an issue that can be solved by increasing the capacity to adapt changes inescapablo(Openheimer 673).In focus here on critical sea level rising problem, In Adopting to climate change" a study perform by Micheal Openheimer. Sca-level rise about 15-20 centimeters about 7 inches over the To past century. Which it is almost not a high rate Oppenheimer believe it's not enough evidence to expect it would be note that causes environmental disaster (674). Similarly, a study by the NOAA claims THE temperature of land and so has increased 0.7 degrees Celsius over the past 135 years. While it has taken 100 years to increase 0.5 degree Celsius rise in air temperature to occur. Whilst the atmosphere is greater than the 2.25 miles in soadepth, this means the much higher density of water it takes 1000 time the energy to raise the rea temperature one degree that to impact the air temperature. Finally, this gives us thousands of year to worry about changes of sea level. This gidence proves exaggeration in fact of some aspects that causes sea level rise ( This entive evidence goes against Conclusion: your view. You must address one claim and show why it is false. In conclusion, this paper aimed to explore the activeness of level rise on environment. It is Tword choice notable effect of sea level rise will increase in the future. Therefore, in order to be ware of this issue many commences should be in court to preserve human and and the therefore, some cites payed a big number of money to deal with this problem This is now
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Bashou1

YaraBashour
ESL 186
Bridgette Vera
9 May, 2018
Research paper Essay
Research Essay
Introduction
The rise in sea levels across the globe is raising issues and effects of the practice. Due to
changes in the weather patterns from the pollution of the air, sea levels are on a consistent rise
across beaches in the world making the topic very controversial. The case of the rise of sea levels
in no longer one of a hypothetical nature or guesses. Research clearly shows that the sea level
has risen by a whopping 20 centimeters in the past 100 years. The trend is set to continue as sea
levels keep rising by about three millimeters every year. These results then cause the massive
number of shambles experienced by the environment caused by the rising of the sea level. This
paper plans to explore these impacts in depth regarding the rising sea levels towards the
environment. The research found that the continued rise in sea-levels directly affects the
environment in a variety of ways which includes beach and coastal erosion while affecting other
living organisms and non-coastal communities. It is, therefore, imperative that much emphasize
be provided to the topic (Crothers, 2018).
Body #1

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There are several phenomena and concepts that must be taken into consideration in order
to clearly understand the major effects of rising sea levels. Many states that have beaches are
now experiencing constant floods and erosions due to the rise in sea levels. As a result, the
coastal land gets more susceptible to coastal erosions (Schwartz, 2005). The studies completed
by Per Buurn, of coastal erosion, is related to sea level rise. Buurn reported that, in an
equilibrium beach, sediment eroded from upper shore to the nearshore bottom, bringing up the
bottom equal to the rise of sea level. It was found that after calculating the sea level divided by
the average slope that 30 contesters rise in sea level over the next 50 and 60 years, most of the
sandy beaches will erode 15 to 30 centimeter depending on the slope (Titus, 2004). The Indian
Island beach on St. Vincent would be destroyed because as the sea levels increase, so does the
beach get swallowed up in the process making it smaller and smaller eventually destroying the
entire area making it very important to understand the risks of the sea level rising in order to
come up with ways that it can be tackled or prevented (Oppenheimer, 2015). (analysis how does
this example convince the reader you can start with because …sea level rise has a bad impact on
coastal erosion ) which means your
Body#2
Sea level rise conditions are expected to have a negative impact on marine organisms and
correlating fishes since the state fish, birds and animals have absorbed floodwater (Weeks).
Animals absorb water because of the big quantities of water that invaded the land. For instance,
the US notes that Louisiana coastal and Florida Everglades are eroding, which constitutes a
massive threat to most of the organisms which might not be conversant with water. When the
habitats of organisms living on land like the birds and crawling insects are covered with water,
then the organisms are left with nowhere else to go. Therefore, the organisms have little options

Bashou3

but to either adapt or become extinct. Since adoption takes some time, most eventually end up
becoming extinct (Valdemarsen, 2018).( give analysis how does this examples impact the
organisms and birds) Therefore sea level change would affect organisms and pose a d...


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