Evaluate Arguments


Question Description


  • The assignment contains two texts: an office memo and a letter to the editor.
  • Each passage contains logical fallacies of various types, which you will identify.
  • As you identify each type of fallacy, explain and justify your response using definitions and accounts of fallacies from assigned readings.
  • Finally, for each text, choose any two fallacies committed and explain how the fallacies could be avoided. Construct a sound argument to persuade the reader through cogent, logical reasoning.

Additional Instructions:

Create a 4 page assignment in APA format. Use 4 academic sources, in which one will provided for you. Be sure to use in-text citations.

Given source to use: Moore, B. N., Parker, R. (2017). Critical Thinking, 12th Edition.

Special Instructions:

The Office memo and the Letter to the editor will be in the drop file box below.

Tutor Answer

School: New York University




Critical Thinking
Student's Name
Institutional Affiliation



Critical Thinking
Logical fallacies are often termed as errors that come up in connecting ideas and
reasoning. As a writer, one should avoid these fallacies when doing texts like an office memo
and a letter to the editor. Therefore, they should watch for them in the arguments and opinions
that others take when viewing the texts. An office memo is a presentation format that sets out as
an office memorandum. It is mostly official and addresses a specific target question, and
therefore expects an answer to that question. The reader may familiarize generally with the
situation that one is trying to put but may not be familiar with the specific issues. Therefore, as
the writer puts down the office memo, they should keep asking themselves: will the reader be
able to follow the situation contained in the office memo? Has the writer organized all the
analysis of the situation in an organized manner for the intended reader? If the organization or
the writer fails to follow through with the analysis of the situation, the reader may not be in a
position to follow through the analysis of the situation and they may ultimately not find the work
in the office memo not useful (Van Eemeren, 2016). On this backdrop, the purpose of this paper
is to highlight fallacies committed in a reply letter to the editor and an office memo to the
director of office operations.
Therefore, there are a number of fallacies that the writer can find himself or herself using
in the texts which can cause some problems with their situation to the readers not been met: The
following f...

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