Humanities
PSY1010 Columbia Southern University Unit VII Letter to Your Son Paper

PSY1010

Columbia Southern University

Question Description

Unit VII ScholarlyActivity

Dear Son/Daughter

Within Unit VII, you have learned that various elements contribute to development over the lifespan. Furthermore, you are now aware that numerous factors that shape one’s personality are present. How can you use this newly acquired knowledge to positively shape future generations? 

For this assignment, you are going to write a letter to your son or daughter that you will present to him or her on the child’s 21st birthday. If your child is already over 21, imagine back to when he or she was born. If you do not plan to have children, you may write the letter to a child who is important in your life: a niece, nephew, or friend’s child, for example. Within your letter, you must discuss the following items:

When and why did you decide to have the child? If writing to a child that is not your own, describe why the child is important to you. 

What are the most important qualities for a parent to have, and why? 

What personal characteristics do you hope your young adult son or daughter will possess, and why? 

How did you attempt to influence the child’s physical, motor, cognitive, moral, social, personality, and sex-role development? Give specific examples in each area while detailing how each one will influence your young adult’s future actions and decision-making abilities.

Identify cultural influences that could affect your son’s or daughter’s motivation and drive

In your letter, incorporate research from the textbook to explain how you have sought to positively influence your son or daughter’s development. You may also use the CSU Online Library for additional reference material.

Your letter should be at least one page in length but can be longer if necessary to address all aspects of the assignment. You must use at least the textbook as a reference for this assignment. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations. This paper does not have to be formatted in APA style. It should be set up like a letter; however, you should use APA-formatted citations and references, and you should include a reference page after the conclusion of the letter.

Unformatted Attachment Preview

UNIT VII STUDY GUIDE Development Over the Lifespan and Personality Course Learning Outcomes for Unit VII Upon completion of this unit, students should be able to: 7. Identify contributors to human action, motivation, and drive. 7.1 Explain how physical, motor, cognitive, moral, social, personality, and sex-role development influence human actions. 7.2 Identify cultural influences that impact motivation and drive. Reading Assignment Chapter 13: Development over the Lifespan Chapter 14: Theories of Personality Unit Lesson Chapter 13: Development over the Lifespan Have you ever wanted to be an octopus? Could you benefit from having eight arms? Although this might sound outlandish to some, this scenario would probably be quite beneficial for mom Nayda Suleman, who gained worldwide attention in 2009 after giving birth to eight babies via in vitro fertilization assistance. However, are multiple births such as this truly safe? Should she have been concerned about possible risks for various developmental complications? Would you be concerned that you could possibly endanger your child’s cognitive development? In Unit VII, you will learn about the development of one’s life from conception until death. Pay close attention to the section related to prenatal development. According to Wade and Tavris (2017), there are multiple factors that can harm the baby. For instance, research has shown that cigarette smoking can be harmful to both the mom and fetus; however, is it feasible to think that we can stop all pregnant women from smoking? What could be done to improve this issue? Additionally, maternal stress is another factor that can negatively impact the baby. Can you begin to formulate ways in which you could help pregnant moms to decrease their levels of stress? You will learn that it is important to avoid these known dangers to prevent avoidable complications. What does your baby do in his or her spare time? Does he or she enjoy watching a favorite television show while you warm the bottle? Can certain marketed DVDs actually increase a baby’s brain development and intelligence quotient (IQ)? According to Christakis (2009), if one introduces a baby to television too soon, this could actually delay the baby’s development, particularly language acquisition. It has also been shown that children who were exposed to large amounts of television as babies have a greater propensity to experience attention issues in childhood. Think about this research the next time you turn the television to Nick Jr. Did your baby attend a daycare center while you worked? Were you concerned that this would have a negative impact on his or her development? PSY 1010, General Psychology 1 Margaret and Harry (pictured) Harlow performed groundbreaking experiments on contact comfort. (Achen1997, 2016) Wade and Tavris (2017) provide insight on research from two foundational researchers within the field of attachment theory, Margaret and Harry Harlow. These scholars actually examined the issue of contact comfort by observing the interactions of young rhesus monkeys with simulated mothers, one made from wire and the other from foam rubber and cloth. Both artificial moms had a bottle of milk attached to her. They sought to see if a baby became attached to the mother simply because she provided food. What are your predictions about their experiment? Do you think the monkeys preferred one mother over the other when they were frightened? What could their research reveal about human babies? How important is it for an infant to be held and comforted when he or she is fearful or upset? As you continue your exploration of this chapter, notice the information related to language and social development. Clarke-Stewart (1991) purported that children actually do better outside of the home. Her research examined the intellectual and social development of 150 children between the ages of 2 and 4. The children that attended daycare centers had higher levels of cognitive development than those who stayed at home with their mothers or caregivers. Therefore, do not feel guilty if you cannot stay at home like your neighbor. Your child just might be better off in the long run. As a teen, did you want to please your parents or your peers? What about teenagers today? Are they truly responsible for their actions? This chapter further discusses the cognitive, moral, and gender development of individuals. As you read the section on adolescence, be sure to reflect upon the moral dilemmas that you experienced as a teenager. Closely review Lawrence Kohlberg’s work in this area. He purported that our ability to learn right from wrong evolves over time along with our cognitive processing skills. For instance, when you were younger, did you primarily obey your parents due to fear of punishment? As you aged, did you begin to embrace conformity because you valued loyalty and acceptance? What about now? As an adult, are your daily behaviors influenced by moral standards that you have embraced over the years? Do you agree with Kohlberg’s views of moral development? Research has revealed that human brains are not fully mature until the age of 20. In fact, the frontal lobes, the area in which most of our reasoning takes place, are usually one of the last areas to mature. It has also been shown that teenagers have a difficult time controlling their impulses. So, should a 16 year old be punished if he or she commits a horrific crime even though his or her brain is not fully mature? Ponder your thoughts as you review this section. PSY 1010, General Psychology 2 Got breast milk? Much research today indicates that consuming breast milk has more benefits than infant formula. According to McCartney (2007), many studies have uncovered a correlation between breastfeeding and increased IQ scores. Several studies have revealed IQ scores as much as 6 or 7 points higher in children who were breastfed; however, some researchers question this correlation. They argue that more variables are present that affect the future intelligence of a child. These individuals posit that the mother’s IQ, socioeconomic standing, and ethnicity must be examined as well. What do you think? Is breastmilk the best milk? Think about the hopes and dreams you have for the future. Does your beginning in life directly correlate with your ending? Do you think you will have a mid-life crisis? What physical changes will your body endure as you age? Is there something that you can do to remain proactive in seeking to prevent depression, memory loss, and senility? In essence, will the ending of your story be as good as the beginning? Chapter 14: Theories of Personality Are you just like your father? What makes you unique? Kohlberg’s Model of Moral Development (Algreen52, 2012) In this chapter, Wade and Tavris (2017) confront the issue of personality. Everyone has one, but some are more pleasant than others. What accounts for these differences? Is there a way to predict the personality traits of another individual? As you examine this chapter, pay close attention to the theories related to personality. Which theory most closely aligns with your point of view? Freud, Skinner, and Rogers all performed extensive research on human nature. Each scholar took a different approach in examining human nature. Freud’s works were often described as pessimistic and sexually driven. He theorized that we have internal drives that cause major conflicts in order to seek sexual satisfaction and gratification. This is in stark contrast to Rogers’ theory. He purported that humans are innately good, and that we are in a constant quest to make ourselves better. Meanwhile, Skinner is positioned somewhere in the middle. He argued that one’s environment has a strong influence on behavior. Keeping these three differing viewpoints in mind, which scholar receives your vote? PSY 1010, General Psychology 3 As you continue your examination of this chapter, you will be introduced to other theorists and their works related to personality: Carl Jung, Clara Thompson, and Karen Horney, just to name a few. For example, Jung argued that people are motivated by past challenges and future aspirations. He also contributed to work that centers upon introversion and extroversion. How would others describe your personality? Do most people think that you are outgoing and witty, or would your friends state that you are shy and reserved? Additionally, Thompson and Horney vocalized their displeasure with Freud’s theory on penis envy and argued that more issues were present that could scientifically explain the disadvantages that many women experience. Notice the similarities and differences of each one’s approach. What would dinner talk consist of if you were fortunate enough to have all of these scholars around your dining table? Are you Type A or B? The Myers-Briggs Personality Test is a popular personality inventory based on the work of Carl Jung. According to Pedersen and Denollet (2006) in the 1950s, Friedman and Rosenman (Offnfopt, 2016) introduced these personality types to the world. Much interest and fascination were piqued as humans began to examine their personality tendencies against the described characteristics. A person with Type A was predicted to have an increased probability for developing heart disease. This was later dispelled, but a new prediction emerged. Individuals with Type D were later identified as possessing a higher propensity for cardiovascular disease. People with Type D personalities are described as having gloomy and worried dispositions. They are very introverted and standoffish. Recent studies have also discovered that these individuals have a greater risk for sudden cardiac arrest and hypertension. What is the connection? If you tend to keep your emotions bottled up inside, are you truly helping others or hurting yourself? While reading this section, be mindful of the various influences on one’s personality. Wade and Tavris (2017) discuss the various roles that genetics, environment, and culture play on shaping one’s personality. For example, some cultures value independence over the needs of the group. On the other hand, group harmony takes precedence in many Asian cultures. These cultures value security, group norms, and obligations. This reinforces the importance of remaining cognizant of cultural influences. For instance, what is viewed as independent and self-reliant in America could be construed as egotistical and selfish in other nations. So the next time you contemplate dating someone from another country, just remember that you may have differing value systems. Will you be up to the challenge? As you conclude your examination of Unit VII, begin to examine your inner experiences. We must carefully balance all of the elements that influence our personalities. Maslow, Rogers, and May argued that we have a unique human capacity to influence our own actions and future consequences. Consequently, the narrative approach posits that we influence our personalities by the stories that we tell others about our lives. What is shaping your personality? References Achen1997. (2016). Harry-harlow [Image]. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Harryharlow.jpg PSY 1010, General Psychology 4 Algreen52. (2012). Kohlberg model of moral development [Image]. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Kohlberg_Model_of_Moral_Development.png Christakis, D. (2009). The effects of infant media usage: What do we know and what should we learn? Acta Pædiatrica, 98, 8-16. Clarke-Stewart, K. A. (1991). A home is not a school: The effects of child care on children’s development. In S. L. Hofferth & D.A. Phillips (Eds.), Child Care Policy Research. Journal of Social Issues, 47(2), 105124. McCartney, M. (2007). Mixed messages over breast milk and brainy babies. British Medical Journal, 335, 1074. Offnfopt. (2016, November 22). Cognitive functions [Image]. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cognitive_Functions.svg Pedersen, S. & Denollet, J. (2006). Is type D personality here to stay? Emerging evidence across cardiovascular disease patient groups. Current Cardiology Reviews, 2(3), 205-213. Wade, C., & Tavris, C. (2017). Psychology (12th ed.)[VitalSource Bookshelf version]. Retrieved from https://bookshelf.vitalsource.com/#/books/9781323598269/ Suggested Reading The links below will direct you to both a PowerPoint and PDF view of the Chapter 13 and 14 Presentations, which will summarize and reinforce the information from these chapters in your textbook. Click here to access the Chapter 13 PowerPoint Presentation. (Click here to access a PDF version of the presentation.) Click here to access the Chapter 14 PowerPoint Presentation. (Click here to access a PDF version of the presentation.) In order to access the following resources, click the links below: Does your personality type affect what television shows you enjoy? This research study below looks at this question. Shim, J. W., & Bryant, P. (2007). Effects of personality types on the use of television genre. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 51(2), 287-304. Retrieved from https://libraryresources.columbiasouthern.edu/login?auth=CAS&url=http://go.galegroup.com.libraryre sources.columbiasouthern.edu/ps/i.do?p=ITOF&sw=w&u=oran95108&v=2.1&it=r&id=GALE%7CA16 7695495&asid=bcb573469060fde1461203470d70dbde Can your personality affect how successful you are in school? Read the study below to find out. Lufi, D., Parish-Plass, J., & Cohen, A. (2003). Persistence in higher education and its relationship to other personality variables. College Student Journal, 37(1), 50-59. Retrieved from https://libraryresources.columbiasouthern.edu/login?auth=CAS&url=http://go.galegroup.com.libraryre sources.columbiasouthern.edu/ps/i.do?p=ITOF&sw=w&u=oran95108&v=2.1&it=r&id=GALE%7CA99 816479&asid=612ddd3025b88b286e5ff86e4a97f3c9 PSY 1010, General Psychology 5 Learning Activities (Non-Graded) Non-graded Learning Activities are provided to aid students in their course of study. You do not have to submit them. If you have questions, contact your instructor for further guidance and information. Knowledge check! The short quizzes below are a great way to self-test your knowledge of the concepts learned in this unit. Take a few minutes to complete these quizzes to check your understanding. They are located in the textbook on the page(s) given. The answers are provided in the document below the quizzes, but try to answer the questions before checking the answers. Chapter 13 Quiz for Module 13.1 (page 465) Quiz for Module 13.2 (page 474) Quiz for Module 13.3 (pages 477-478) Quiz for Module 13.4 (pages 482-483) Quiz for Module 13.5 (page 487) Quiz for Module 13.6 (pages 493-494) Chapter 13 Quiz (pages 497-498) Chapter 14 Quiz for Module 14.1 (page 507) Quiz for Module 14.2 (page 511) Quiz for Module 14.3 (page 515) Quiz for Module 14.4 (page 520) Quiz for Module 14.5 (page 526) Quiz for Module 14.6 (page 530) Chapter 14 Quiz (pages 534-536) Answer Keys Click here for the Chapter 13 answer keys. Click here for the Chapter 14 answer keys. PSY 1010, General Psychology 6 ...
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Final Answer

Hi there, I have just completed your assignment. It has been great working with you.

Mr Tremaine Jackson,
438 W Lucky Lane,
Millbury, MN 45862,
8th June 2018.

Dear Skyler,
Hi, if you are reading this, then congratulations for turning 21. Happy birthday as well
since I prefer that you read this on the day of your birthday. I hope you didn’t shelve it and opt to
read it the next day or a week later. Anyway, it would be best if you read it on this great day
when you are entering the other stage of adulthood. As your father, it is quite emotional to
express what I currently feel for witnessing what you have become. I have been with you since
the day you were born, and right then I realized that you are a blessing to this family. This
feeling started getting stronger when you first turned 16 and got your driving license. It was also
the same feeling when you turned 18 and moved out of our house. Then I realized that my
daughter is quickly growing up. Now that you are 21, I am overwhelmed by joy as I couldn’t be
happier for seeing you achieve most of your dreams.
When I was dating your mother, we had set goals of having a child immediately after we
got married. We had the view that children are usually a blessing from God to families. We
always believed that we could be a complete family when we got children. We also wanted the
opportunity to influence an innocent child and have them hold our strongest beliefs...

ProfJamesmiller (18951)
UIUC

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