appearance and proof reading for whole thesis of both reports

Anonymous
timer Asked: May 30th, 2018
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Question description

for lesser genius:

We will send you our whole thesis now, which has all the chapters and everything and as you will be able to see we have a common chapter which is called Haya and we separated it into the methodology and results and discussion of both reports as you can see there, so please make sure its FUULY paraphrased for both reports to avoid plagiarism between them because the teacher said it can’t be common. We have its conclusion ready so we will attach you the conclusion on a separate document so you can use from it and include its important points to fit it in the main conclusion or you can write it there in your own words. please update the numbers of figures and tables so the number of figures and tables as we added more and add a list of graphs since we have 1 graph and add the reference of Haya waters site in APA style. Keep in mind Haya didn’t publish their data yet so you cant find this information onsite. Moreover, please check our recommendation and add a small introduction for that section and please abbreviate the recommendations into points (all the recommendations are there) and ignore the headings there, just keep them in bullets and paraphrase the “future work recommendation” to make it look better, make sure the words used in the recommendation are not the exact same for both reports.

In chapter 1 and 2 we want you to proof read it for us please, we highlighted the things we want to remove, please remove it and make sure the sentences link with each other, moreover, some parts don’t have citations so please check with our chapter 1 and 2 references and add them where needed please (please check if our chapter 1 and 2 references are in APA style) keep in mind chapter 2 is common for both of us(same content)and chapter 1 is already paraphrased.

Please change the style of bullets in the study cases because that’s not the official thesis format, however the recommendation is the only thing that should be in bullets.

Lastly, we attached you the template we should follow so please paste the whole thesis there following the format and add the table of content for both reports. In the template we sent there is an appendix page please include even if its empty we will add things there.

5.4 Summary Haya Water is the largest wastewater service company in Oman and has taken a huge step in trying to come up with various ways of treating wastewater including the conventional activated sludge (CAS), the membrane system (MBR), Sequencing Batch Reactors (SBR), and the Moved Bed Bio-Reactor (MBBR) (Haya Water, 2017). This study clearly proves that reed bed treatment system is a new method of treating wastewater in Oman. However, this being the case, the results obtained from the study are quite impressive and shows how much the use of constructed wetlands can be advantageous in terms of cost, time, and efficiency as well as the effectiveness of the same. 5.5 Conclusion This study implemented by Haya involved designing, building and operating a pilot unit of Constructed Wetland using a double stage vertical flow reed bed design(Haya Water, 2017) After its implementation, results were obtained based on three major categories of parameters which were physical, chemical and biological. The results were then compared with the MECA Standards (A) and its removal efficiencies were determined. The results were both encouraging and impressive (Haya Water, 2017). The project had got high removal efficiencies proving that using the reed bed to treat wastewater.

Tutor Answer

LesserGenius
School: Carnegie Mellon University

Attached.

Name 1

ENG 4 133 Bachelor Thesis
German University of Technology in Oman (GUtech)

Name 21
Name

ENG 4 133 Bachelor Thesis
German University of Technology in Oman (GUtech)
Department of Engineering

Title of the Thesis

Course Coordinator:

Project Supervisor:
Name

Team Members:
Name 1
Name 2
Name 3

Name 3

Department of Engineering

Title of the Thesis

Course Coordinator:

Project Supervisor:
Name

Team Members:
Name 1
Name 2
Name 3

Spring 2016-2017
Approval of the Dean of the Faculty of Engineering and Computer Science

Name 4
Dr.-Ing. Najah Al Mhanna

I certify that this Thesis satisfies the requirements of a Bachelors Thesis for the Degree of
Bachelor of Engineering in XXX Engineering.

Dr.-Ing. Najah Al Mhanna
Head, Department of Engineering

I certify that I have read this Thesis and that it is my opinion that the Thesis is fully adequate in
scope and quality as a Bachelors Thesis for the Degree of Bachelor of XXX Engineering.

Name
Supervisor

Examining Committee
1. Name
2. Name

Name 5

ABSTRACT
Domestic wastewater from single households of families up to 30 PE can be managed by the
installation of sizeable constructed wastewater system which proves that constructed wetlands
are greatly flexible and can serve any PE. Different design strategies of CWs can be applied
including VF, HF, and hybrid designs along with their flow variations. The most common
physiological and chemical components found in wastewater are FC, TC, TSS, TN, TP, TKN,
COD, BOD5, bacteria, and ammonia. Domestic CWs are important not only because they
improve water quality, they also improve the chances of treated effluent being reused especially
when there is no way of releasing it back into the environment. The treated effluent can be used
to irrigate nursery beds, flower beds, or even gardens around the household. Single household
CWs allow people to individually contribute to cleaning and conserving the environment by
providing a low cost, low maintenance, easy operation yet highly effective sewage treatment
system. Individual conservation efforts, if embraced can greatly contribute to solving one of the
world’s greatest problems which is pollution. The report explains methodologies used in various
case studies of domestic CWs and elaborates the data found to make sensible discussions and
conclusions concerning the effectiveness and efficiencies of a single household CW system in
terms of design strategy and efficiency removal rate.
Keywords:
CWs

Wastewater

Single household

Sub-surface flow

Domestic

Macrophytes

‫‪Name 6‬‬

‫الخالصة‬
‫ا‬
‫معادًل للسكان عن طريق تركيب نظام مياه صرف كبير‬
‫يمكن إدارة المياه العادمة المنزلية من أسر معيشية فردية تصل إلى ‪30‬‬
‫تم إنشاؤه والذي يثبت أن األراضي الرطبة المبنية تتسم بالمرونة ويمكن أن تخدم أي معادل للسكان‪ .‬يمكن تطبيق استراتيجيات‬
‫تصميم مختلفة من األراضي الرطبة المبنية بما في ذلك التدفق العمودي ‪ ،‬التدفق األفقي ‪ ،‬والتصاميم الهجينة مع اختالفات‬
‫و ‪ TN‬و ‪ TSS‬و ‪ TC‬و ‪ FC‬تدفقها‪ .‬المكونات الفسيولوجية والكيميائية األكثر شيوعاا الموجودة في مياه الصرف الصحي هي‬
‫والبكتيريا واألمونيا‪ .‬تعتبر األراضي الرطبة المبنية محلياا مهمة ليس فقط ألنها تحسن من ‪ BOD5‬و ‪ COD‬و ‪ TKN‬و ‪TP‬‬
‫جودة المياه ‪ ،‬بل إنها تحسن أيضاا من فرص إعادة استخدام مياه الصرف المعالجة خاصة عندما ًل توجد طريقة إلعادتها إلى‬
‫البيئة‪ .‬يمكن استخدام المخلفات السائلة المعالجة لري أ ِس َّرة المشاتل ‪ ،‬وأحواض الزهور ‪ ،‬أو حتى الحدائق حول المنزل‪ .‬تسمح‬
‫األراضي الرطبة المعيشية المنفردة للناس بأن يساهموا بشكل فردي في تنظيف وصيانة البيئة من خالل توفير تكلفة منخفضة ‪،‬‬
‫وانخفاض الصيانة ‪ ،‬وسهولة التشغيل ‪ ،‬ومع ذلك نظام معالجة مياه الصرف الصحي عالي الفعالية‪ .‬يمكن لجهود الحفظ الفردية‬
‫‪ ،‬إذا ما اعتنقها ‪ ،‬أن تساهم بشكل كبير في حل واحدة من أكبر مشاكل العالم وهي التلوث‪ .‬يشرح التقرير المنهجيات المستخدمة‬
‫في دراسات الحالة المختلفة لألراضي الرطبة المحلية المبنية ‪ ،‬ويوضح البيانات التي تم العثور عليها إلجراء مناقشات‬
‫واستنتا جات معقولة بشأن فعالية وكفاءة نظام األراضي الرطبة المعيشية المنفردة من حيث إستراتيجية التصميم ونوعية المياه‬
‫ومعدل إزالة الكفاءة‪.‬‬

Name 7

ACKNOWLEDGMENT

Name 8

Table of Contents
ABSTRACT .................................................................................................................................... 5
‫ الخالصة‬............................................................................................................................................. 6
ACKNOWLEDGMENT .............................................................................................................. 7
LIST OF FIGURES ...................................................................................................................... 10
LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................................ 12
LIST OF GRAPHS ....................................................................................................................... 13
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS ....................................................................................................... 14
1.1Background ........................................................................................................................................ 16
1.2 Limitations of Constructed Wetlands .......................................................................................... 18
1.3 Problem Statement ...................................................................................................................... 19
1.4 Objectives ......................................................................................................................................... 19
2.1. Domestic, Municipal and Industrial Wastewater .......................................................................... 21
2.2. Conventional Wastewater Treatment ............................................................................................ 23
2.2.1 .Conventional Wastewater Treatment Process ....................................................................... 23
2.3. Constructed Wetlands..................................................................................................................... 25
2.5. The Main Benefits and Outcomes of the Constructed Wetlands .................................................. 26
2.6. Types of Constructed Wetlands ...................................................................................................... 27
2.7. Components of Constructed Wetlands .......................................................................................... 27
2.7.1. Water ........................................................................................................................................ 27
2.7.2. Substrates, Sediments, and Litter............................................................................................ 28
2.7.3. Vegetation ................................................................................................................................ 29
2.7.4. Microorganisms ........................................................................................................................ 30

Name 9
2.7.5. Animals ..................................................................................................................................... 30
2.8. Literature Summary ........................................................................................................................ 30

3. METHODOLOGY ................................................................................................................... 32
3.1 Overview ........................................................................................................................................... 32
3.2 Methodologies .................................................................................................................................. 32

4. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION ............................................................................................... 59
4.1 Overview ........................................................................................................................................... 59
4.2 Results and Discussions .................................................................................................................... 59
4.3 Summary and comparison ................................................................................................................ 87

5.1. CONCLUSION ...................................................................................................................... 89
APPENDICES .............................................................................................................................. 96

Name 10

LIST OF FIGURES
1.

Figure 1: Layout of a vertical flow constructed wetland system for a single household;
Raw sewage is pre-treated in a 2m3 sedimentation tank; Firm sewage is pulse-loaded
onto the shallow of the bed by a level-controlled pump; Treated effluent is collected
in a system of drainage pipes, largely, about half the effluent contents is recirculated
back to the pumping well (or to the sedimentation tank)……………………………39

2.

Figure 2: Schematic representation of the pilot RVFCW for the treatment of domestic
wastewater. The upper container is a vertical flow constructed wetland bed.
Wastewater is applied to the root zone, trickles through the bed and drips into the
lower container, from where it is recirculated back to the root zone until the required
water quality is achieved……………………………………………………………..43

3.

Figure 3: Hybrid Wetland Schematic………………………………………………..45

4.

Figure 4: Schematic diagram of the mini constructed wetland treatment…………..46

5.

Figure 5: General layout of a single household vertical flow constructed wetland
system……………………………………………………………………………….49

6.

Figure 6: Sketch showing groundwater and surface water monitoring and inlet and
outlet points for the integrated constructed wetland in Glaslough, near Monaghan,
Ireland………………………………………………………………………………53

7.

Figure 7: Sketch showing groundwater and surface water monitoring and inlet and
outlet points for the integrated constructed wetland system in Dunhill, near
Waterford, Ireland………………………………………………………………….54

8.

Figure 8: (b) Typical three-cell design of the single-family domestic wastewater
treatment wetlands used in this study…………………………………………..54-55

Name 11
9.

Figure 9: Process Description of the Treated Effluent……………………………….57

10.

Figure 10: Stage A…………………………………………………………………...58

11.

Figure 11: STAGE B………………………………………………………………...58

12.

Figure 12: Photographs after the Both Stages……………………………………….59

13.

Figure 13: Values of TSS (a), COD (b) and BOD5 (c) in raw and treated domestic
wastewater from planted and unplanted recirculating vertical flow constructed
wetlands using several recirculation flow rates (RFR)………………………………68

14.

Figure 14: cBOD5 with Season and HLR (Q=2.8 m3/d)……………………………71

15.

Figure 15: TSS with season and HLR (Q=2.8 m3/d)………………………………..72

16.

Figure 16: Removal percentage (%) of greywater produced from household
activities……………………………………………………………………………...75

Name 12

LIST OF TABLES
1. Table 1 (RB1 and RB2 design
characteristics)…………………………………………………………………………...40
2. Table 2 (RB1 and RB2 mean hydraulic
parameters)…………………………………………………………………………...40-41
3. Table 3: Design Criteria Double Stage Vertical Flow Reed Bed after Pre-treatment (septic
tank)……………………………………………………………………………………...56
4. Table 4: EPA surface discharge limits (maximum concentrations) (Ohio Environmental
Protection Agency, 2001b)………………………………………………………………61
5. Table 5: Performance data (mean±1 S.D.) of some single-house vertical flow constructed
wetlands………………………………………………………………………………….64
6. Table 6: Average influent and effluent nitrogen loads from RB1 and RB2………….65-66
7. Table 7: Average influent and effluent E.coli concentrations from RB1 and RB2…..66-67
8. Table 8: Water consumption in the case study…………………………………………..74
9. Table 9: Analysis result of greywater loading before treatment…………………………75
10. Table 10: Preliminary result of raw greywater at the morning and night…………….75-76
11. Table 11: The effective removal of pollutants in CWs with natural substrates and local
macrophytes……………………………………………………………………………78
12. Table 12: System performance…………………………………………………………81
13. Table 13: Wetland data base summary…………………………………………………85
14. Table 14: Result of Treatment Effluent from the Reed Bed system………………..85-86

Name 13

LIST OF GRAPHS
1.

Graph 1: Relationship between the Treated Effluent, its MECA Standard and their
Removal Efficiency………………………………………………………………….87

Name 14

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
CW

constructed wetlands

HF

horizontal flow

VF

vertical flow

SSF

sub-surface flow

HSSF

horizontal sub-surface flow

VSSF

vertical sub-surface flow

FWS

free water surfac...

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Review

Anonymous
Outstanding Job!!!!

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