Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper that examines the purpose and history of penitentiaries. Include the following:
- History of punishment
- History of prison development
- Comparison of the Pennsylvania system and the Auburn system
- Impact and involvement of prison labor over time
Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.
Explanation & Answer
Running Head: THE PURPOSE AND HISTORY OF PENITENTIARIES
The Purpose and History of Penitentiaries
THE PURPOSE AND HISTORY OF PENITENTIARIES
The history of punishment
Numerous speculations have been made regarding the origin of punishment, but in the
major, somewhat narrow designation have tended to rationalize special perceptions. Next is an
example: "Punishment is primarily an act of inflicting pain to a wrongdoer as a criminal at the
caution of humanity in its mutual capacity, of which he or she is a temporary or permanent
member". However, there are many ways that different societies used to punish their criminals.
Generally, it is impossible to outline the origin of punishment. It seems to be a well
formulated social institution in the most primordial culture and at the dawn of recognized
history. Nonetheless, researchers inform that the earliest type of punishment was initiated in the
Middle East and was set by Babylonian Code of Hammurabi. Western civilization followed the
laws of Ancient Rome. All Roman countries had Law of Twelve Tables. People in the early
centuries faced punishments for committing crimes like rape, murder, robbery including other
related sorts of crime and the punishment would include branding, penalties or whipping among
other forms of inflicting pain to the wrongdoer (Mor...
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