4 Essay Discussion Questions

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Humanities

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  1. The essays should address every aspect of the question, be at least 250 words and be single-spaced except in between terms.
  2. In the exam Word document, provide answers and highlight them to distinguish them from the essays.
  3. Your work should single-spaced (except in between essays) and at least 250 words for each. If you can answer these well, you will have a basic grasp of some of the key developments and themes in the history of Western culture up to around 1550 AD.
  4. Here are the 4 questions to answer:
    1. Mesopotamia and Egypt were two foundational civilizations. What were some of the earliest contributions that they made that served as basic components of later civilizations? Also, what were fundamental differences between Mesopotamian and Egyptian culture?
    2. The Middle Ages has been called the “Age of Faith.” What evidence from the humanities (art, architecture, literature, philosophy, and music) demonstrates that the Middle Ages were a Christian culture? Provide examples for each.
    3. The Renaissance was considered to be the “rebirth” of European civilization. What were the causes of this Renaissance and what became the fundamental mindset or philosophy that represented it? How was this rebirth represented in the humanities? Provide examples for each.
    4. Science and technology played a significant part in the development of Western civilization. Trace the role of science and technology from the Mesopotamians to the Renaissance and explain how these ideas, inventions, or discoveries influenced European civilization.
  5. Use Experience Humanities, 8th edition, ISBN 9780077494704

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Running Head: DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

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DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

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Question one
Mesopotamia and Egypt Civilizations
The earliest evolutions of Mesopotamia and Egypt were mutually enabled by rivers along
their midst. The Tigris, Euphrates, and River Nile placed sediment alongside the seashores which
enhance fertility of the adjacent land. It resulted to the growth of cities in Mesopotamia such as
Ur and Eriku, and Thebes in the earliest Egypt. In the latter, the Nile River acted as a method of
transport and ensured also defense from nemeses; its swampy estuaries made attack nearly
difficult. The two however, had important dissimilarities in the ruling of their people and in
cultural and spiritual life advances.
The Sumerians in Mesopotamia established the system of writing called ‘cuneiform’ to
enable the conservancy of the records. The system was conveyed via the pie charts, and written
in clay tablets which would later be presented to the sun for drying. The shrine, frequently on a
higher stand at the center of each city, signified the significance of the capital’s patron goddess
to be revered by any community (Chadwick, 2005). Mesopotamia initiated the world’s major
cities that were mostly constructed on brick dried out by the sun. In the earliest Egypt, the scribes
would use hieroglyphics to outline their thoughts and impressions. The linguistic had
alphabetical components along with logos. Its residents assumed their leader Pharaoh was a
supernatural being, and abstained from looking at him unswervingly even spoken by him. The
majority of nobles selected to noteworthy positions were correlated to Pharaoh
Women in Mesopotamia could acquire licenses to take part in trade, and manage property
as well. On the other hand, the rules preserved in the Code of Hammurabi prohibited them from
taking over possessions from their deceased husbands while women in the ancient Egypt were
permitted to inherit ...


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