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2) In what ways is Rousseau diametrically opposed to Hobbes? How accurate is his
statement that “Man was born free, but everywhere is in chains? Were we really
“born free? Have we ever been “free”? Is it accurate to describe “society” (a general
term indeed) as nothing but a system of oppression?
4) Rousseau is typically described as a champion of liberty, but many characterize
him as “the first totalitarian theorist” of modernity? What problematic elements can
one find in his book, The Social Contract, that could lead some to make this harsh
judgment of Rousseau?
6) What are the principle differences between anarchism and libertarianism, given
that both attack the state as a repressive political apparatus and emphasize
individual freedom against state power?
1) Provide a definition of justice which includes different kinds of justice, such as
“distributive justice.” Which type of society do you think potentially (not as is, but in
its potential, and understanding no real “socialist” societies now exist or ever did
than conformed to Marxist or anarchist visions of true equality) can better fulfill the
demands of distributive justice: capitalism or socialism? Why?
6) There is a lot of compelling data on the corporate control of wealth and political
in the US and other countries, but in this video clip, “The Real Owners of
the World” (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dO6NPlKEEUI ), George Carlin puts
it in his own inimitable way. Does he make valid and incisive points? Which and why?
7) Can you provide the most updated and reliable statistics on the income gap
between the rich and poor in the US, and globally? Is the situation getting better or
worse, and why?