Here is the final product. I am sorry for the confusion. Please let me know if you have any questions or need me to edit anything. Thanks!😊
1. Ametric- This is music without a noticeable meter. The music will be without a time
signature and bar lines in the piece. However, not all pieces without a time signature and
key lines are ametric. The music may also be notated in non-traditional ways.
2. Polyphony- This is the combination of multiple tones or melodic lines in music. It is
made various tones or a chord of various tones. The melodic lines are seen as
independent even though they are related. It usually includes a separation of the melody
3. Absolute Music- A genre of music that does not contain a any form or suggest a story, or
a theme. It is only concerned about the tone, structure and strictly about the music. It is
also known as program music.
4. Musical Drama- This is a type of serious musical theatre first introduced by Richard
Wagner. It was an attempt to return to the Greek Dramas by combining myths and music
with added drama. Wagner saw the eventual disappearance of the old opera with its form
of singing and storytelling and saw an opportunity to create an opera that was different.
The new genre would include a continuous vocal symphonic texture. The texture would
be taken from the basic thematic ideas where they would be naturally sung by characters
at vital emotional points in the drama and then be later be used by the orchestra. It would
later be used by the orchestra to portray characters, events, and emotions on the stage.
5. Damper Pedal- This is a pedal that lifts the dampers from a piano’s strings to allow a note
to ring after its key is released. Before the Romantic Period in music, it was only used in
particular circumstances. After the romantic period, it became known as an essential part
of the piano sound.
6. Doctrine of the Affection- This is a theory of musical aesthetics that was accepted by late
Baroque theorists and composers. They believe that music is capable of bringing up a
variety of specific emotions within a listener. The main belief of the doctrine was that by
making the use of the proper musical procedure or device that the composer can create
music capable of producing a specific emotional response from the audience. This was
described by many theorists such as Johann Mattheson in the 17th and 18th century.
Mattheson wrote extensively about the emotions within music and how emotions connect
to how music is composed. This includes hoe emotions such as joy, sadness, and anger
are brought forth by specific composition techniques such as intervals, harmony, and
melody. The doctrine also extends farther than the Baroque period. It includes Romantic
period, non-Western music, and the Enlightenment period.
7. High Modernism- This is a form of modernity where it is characterized by a high
confidence in science and technology as a means to reorder the social and natural world.
This movement became highly prevalent during the Cold War era of the late 1950s and
1960s. It defined by the following characteristics: a high amount of confidence in the
potential of scientific and technological progress, attempts to master nature to meet
human needs, an emphasis complex environments or concepts legible, and a disregard for
historical, geographical, and social context development.
8. Heinrich Christoph Koch- Heinrich Christoph Koch was a German music theorist who
lived from October 10, 1749 to March 19, 1816. He most known for his music lexicon
which was used in Germany and Denmark. His form and theories are used to analyze
music from the 18th and 19th centuries.
9. through-composed form- This is a type of musical form that is continuous meaning there
is not a pause or dialogue. Examples include Schubert’s Lied "Der Erlkönig” where the
setting proceeds to a different arrangement for each of the new stanzas. This can be heard
when a new character is introduced and is given its own voice and tonality. This term is
also used in opera and musical theater to indicate a work that...