The Roman Empire was the post-Roman Republic historical of the ancient Roman
civilization, characterized by a government ruled by emperors and large territorial holdings
around the Mediterranean Sea in Asia, Africa and Europe. This paper focuses on the chief
features of the Roman Empire, the changes made by Augustus in Rome’s political, military
and social institutions (Spielvogel, 2006). Furthermore, the paper also highlights the
problems faced by Rome politically, economically and socially.
Chief Features of the Roman Empire During Second Century
The Roman Empire attained greatest prosperity through trade networks across the Empire and
beyond Arabia, China, India and along the Amber road in Germany and Poland (Spielvogel,
2006). The Empire acted as a common market and the Roman coins provided a common
currency to promote trade. Additionally, the Roman Empire was the post-Roman Republic
period of the historical Roman civilization. Furthermore, the Romans held their Empire
together by encouraging religions and customs of the conquered people. For example, they
give them freedom to worship and also use their customary rules.
Changes Made by Augustus in Rome’s Political, Military and Social Institutions.
Augustus was the co-founder of the Roman Empire and gave himself ultimate power.
He took away many liberties by pleasing the Romans by order and security. Furthermore, he
increased the authority size of the army, but made sure it was loyal to him (Spielvogel, 2006).
Additionally, he appointed loyal governors over various Roman provinces. This made him
stronger since he had loyal servants in almost all provinces.
Problems Faced by the Roman Empire During the Third Cent...