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There are two documents attached. One document is a forum question with instructions. The forum question you can use the peer responses to make the initial forum question as an example. The second document is posts made by other students and needs responding. You can use the Student responses to create an answer for forum post. You will have an idea on what to write about.

Forum #8: This week’s reading provides an overview of mental health courts in American society. After reviewing the week 8 lesson for this week; in your own words discuss at least one item you learned from each week's lesson in the course covering weeks 1-7. Please arrange your post by weeks starting with week 1 and ending with week 7. You will notice that the re-cap in the week 8 lesson is also arranged by weeks. Objective: LO1: Summarize the link between mental illness and criminal behavior. Instructions: Each students answer to the question should be between 500-1000 words. A minimum of two references need to be used in the development of your answer.
Instructions: Each feedback post needs to be 400 words or more with minimum 2 references, and should include information that helps to enhance the discussion on the topic. Do not include statements such as great work, or excellent post. Try to include info that is challenging and respectful and that will stimulate debate. Also, be mindful of including references and citations whenever citing facts to support your position. APA 6th edition citations and references must be used always! Post 1 This week’s reading provides an overview of mental health courts in American society. After reviewing the week 8 lesson for this week; in your own words discuss at least one item you learned from each week's lesson in the course covering weeks 1-7. Please arrange your post by weeks starting with week 1 and ending with week 7. You will notice that the re-cap in the week 8 lesson is also arranged by weeks. Over the course of these past eight weeks, I feel as if I have learned a great amount of information that can be related to my career and how I can help children and juveniles through some of these issues that arise. I never truly realized the affect some of these mental health disorders have on individuals, especially children. These next seven topics that are discussed are some of the major things that I took from each lesson we learned throughout our coursework. Week 1 During this first week, I believe the article that stated on how we as probation officers need to learn how to handle clients and probationers that have mental health disorders. Granted, most of our departments throughout the country are short-staffed, but having enough resources and funding to have a specific mental health probation officer works wonders for these probationers. Having a specialized system for probationers with these disorders can be more effective than normal probation because we can incorporate correctional supervision practices to fit the individual’s criminogenic needs. This enhances the involvement and effectiveness of both the probationer and the officer. (Babchuk, 2012) Week 2 When researching for information this week, I believe the most effective piece of information I learned is the effect of substance abuse on ADHD and Conduct Disorder. Most substance abuse occurs when juveniles and adolescents have these disorders. When a juvenile has these disorders, and they begin my smoking marijuana, it enhances these disorders and fights against the medications that are naturally prescribed to help the disorder. This may eventually turn into something more serious as they grow into adults, which can then cause persistent conduct disorder. (Disney, 1999) Week 3 In this lesson, I did not necessarily learn anything that stuck out to me, but I feel there are facts that I should discuss that are critical to preventing APD from getting worse as a child grows older. Prevention with these disorders in an early stage is critical in developing a plan to help these individuals transition properly into society without having further issues as they grow older. Antisocial personality disorder does not just appear, it stems from smaller disorders, such as anxiety, depressions, or others. Catching these disorders and treating them at a young age are crucial to making these people effective members of society. (Washburn, 2007) Week 4 What I learned in this section is interesting in the fact that not all sex offenders are pedophiles. I know that sounds like a normal thing that should be known, but I feel like society throws the term pedophiles around so lightly. Pedophiles are individuals that are directly attracted to children and some of the features and attributes that they have. Individuals that have not even committed a sex offense can still be a pedophiles, it is just that they have yet to act on their urge towards an innocent child. Week 5 Fetishism is an interesting and somewhat disturbing topic to discuss. We all at some point in our lives have things we crave, yet people with sexually driven fetishes can be unique in some ways. In order to be defined in having a sexual fetish, this person must have recurrent and intense sexual fantasies that arouse often. With this disorder, this intense urge may sometimes lead to violent behaviors, which causes individuals to commit crimes such as rape, murder, or torture. The hard part with treating people with these extreme fetishes is that the individual never talks about their issue, and providers and services do not know these issues even exist. (Kafka, 2009) Week 6 This section of our class was unique and caused a great deal of discussion on the sadistic tendencies that individuals could have. In order to prevent juvenile is from developing into sadistic individuals, as they grow older, we need to find ways that are able to treat these individuals. Sadism occurs when either a child is born with it, or they are not receiving the appropriate care from parents, as they grow older. Week 7 In order to wrap up the weeks on all of the disorders, I felt the most important disorder; to me in my field of study is conduct disorder. The main factor of this disorder is an effective way to treat it. I try to implement this into my career as well, but I truly believe therapeutic services as well as family therapy between juveniles and their parents if the most effective way to treat this disorder and to cure it. At some point in the child’s life a piece of that family connection was missing which caused them to turn astray and begin to commit crimes with this disorder. Medication management and proper services can go along for a child who lacks that family bond. (Chamberlain, 1995) Post 2 Week 1: Mental Illness and Criminal Behavior One things I have learned is that media continues to be such an issue for the criminal justice system. We can see on the news, they report stories, police make a statement, everyone thinks that everything must be okay between the two. But if there is one thing to really take away from this, appearances are deceiving. Media/Law Enforcement relations continue to tread softly on egg shells, with one side believing that they are not getting the whole story, while the other side believes that they are being portrayed in an unfair light. You cannot have a partnership where there is no trust. Maybe one day both sides will reach that point again. Some TV shows have been trying to portray mentally ill characters in a more humanized light, which is a step in the right direction (Fawcett, 2015). References: Fawcett, K. (2015, April). How mental illness is misrepresented in the media. Retrieved from: Week 2: ASPD Up until this point, I had never given much thought as to why ASPD was more commonly found in males than females. The obvious statistical data on incarcerated males and females was an easy answer, but actually diving into “gender roles” and how each one is different from the other. One study showed that while females with ASPD and a substance abuse problem were more likely to act impulsive, they were less likely to be aggressive (Alegria et al., 2013). Men were more likely to engage in reckless behavior that could very easily hurt themselves or others such as: destruction of property, animal cruelty, and deliberately cause accidents whether it done by vehicle or arson. It was not a surprise to see how each side was different. We see the types of environments that women and men choose to immerse themselves in. It was an interesting extra bit of reading and actually helped me understand ASPD a little bit better. References: Alegria, A. A., Petry, N. M., Liu, S.-M., Blanco, C., Skodol, A. E., Grant, B., & Hasin, D. (2013). Sex Differences in Antisocial Personality Disorder: Results from the National Epidemiological Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Personality Disorders, 4(3), 214– 222. Week 3: Conduct Disorder Conduct Disorder seems to be the starting gate for a multitude of issues that a person can have later on in life. The earlier we find hints of disorders and mental illness in children, the better their chance of being able to go through treatment that will be highly effective. Children are more impressionable, and unlike adults, they do not have set routines and behavioral patterns that they have had for so many years. They are more receptive to change and learning new things. Having children go through treatment for Conduct Disorder means that they have a good chance of it not developing into ASPD once they reach adulthood. Of course, it all comes down to whether they actually want to be treated or not. People of all ages are more receptive to change when they are actually willing. Cognitive Behavioral Treatment and Skills Training is one possibility of successful treatment plans for children. Through this treatment, children can learn how to solve problems, communicate, and handle stress more efficiently. This therapy also addresses the issue of helping the child control their anger and impulsiveness (Johns Hopkins Medicine, n.d.). References: Johns Hopkins Medicine. (n.d.). Conduct disorder in children. Retrieved from: order_90,P02560 Week 4: Pedophilic Disorder The one thing I learned from this week was that I really did not like how pedophilia was classified. There is so much reading online for this subject, and so much of it makes me feel like they are assuming that the only pedophile is an offending pedophile (Tenbergen at al., 2015). I felt it made more sense to classify those who have committed a sexual offense under some sort of impulse control disorder, since it seems that sex offenders thrive on opportunity when it arises. Sex offenders are not specific to what they abuse. This led to me concluding that pedophilia needed to be categorized as a sexual preference. It does not mean that it has to be accepted among the community. There are other sexual preferences that are not accepted by the community and never will be. If a person commits a sex offense and happens to suffer from pedophilia, I still believe that it should be separated. Wanting and doing are two different things. References: Tenbergen, G., Wittfoth, M., Frieling, H., Ponseti, J., Walter, M., Walter, H., … Kruger, T. H. C. (2015). The Neurobiology and Psychology of Pedophilia: Recent Advances and Challenges. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 9, 344. Week 5: Fetishism/Transvestic Fetishism My take away from this is that I had to rethink how I viewed a fetish. Originally, I believed that the fetish should not be considered a crime, but at the same time, naming something a fetish means that the person is abnormally obsessed with whatever is the object of their desire. Without it, a person would not have these urges to satisfy something through any means necessary. The object itself may not be criminal, but the behavioral patterns can be. In a way, I almost view it as a drug. It is something you need. While something like cocaine itself is a crime and underwear may not be, unless you went to the store and bought 50 packs of underwear (which would probably not hold the kind of symbolism a person with this type of fetish is wanting), the methods used to obtain the drug are not going to be very legal. I have a new view on fetishes and have actually paid more attention to how people actually use the term when they mention it (I have noticed that people have a tendency to not use the term correctly in conversation). Week 6: Sexual Sadism and Homicide I learned that I really did not want to know as much as I did about the person I ended up researching for the forum and our 2nd assignment. The information I found on him was highly unsettling, and even the reading I did for the forum assignment was really uncomfortable all the way around. Now, I am not saying that I cannot handle being confronted with it, but I think after several weeks of very heavy subject matter consecutively, it just wore me down. On the other side, I also took away that sexual sadists that had committed a crime like homicide were probably the most unlikely candidate for some kind of treatment. Two reasons for this train of thought. One: they had already committed a crime as grave as murder. That usually seems like the point of no return in my opinion. That does not mean that people cannot reform after having committed a murder, but it does seem more unlikely. Two: If you looked at the interviews with Edmund Kemper, he was so smooth talking that you could find yourself siding with him that he was a “changed man”. But honestly, can you really trust him after what he did to the girls he killed? You can pretty much apply that to any serial killer. Week 7: Rehabilitation and Treatment The biggest thing from this week, was the amazing amount of OCD subtypes that I ran across. For the longest time, I knew there were different kinds of OCD, but I was not aware as to how many were actually used in the mental health system. For example, I never knew about Harm OCD until I ran across it during the week’s reading. Even more amazing was that for every type of OCD there was, the core seemed to be the same. This meant that using one basic treatment like Cognitive-behavioral therapy could actually be effective for most all of the subtypes. I mean, you would have to tweak it a bit to fit the type itself, but the core of the treatment would be the same in that the goal would be to change their behavioral function when confronted with a situation that triggers their OCD. It was a very enlightening lesson.

Tutor Answer

School: New York University



Mental Illness and Criminal Behaviour
Student’s Name
Affiliate Institution




Mental Illness and Criminal Behaviour
Mental illness is just one of the several factors that have a hand in some cases as well as
kinds of criminal behaviours. However, the overarch between criminal behaviour and mental
illness as well as the fact that the two conditions are a reflection of the human behaviour or
mental conditions that go beyond the line of social, psychological and statistical deviance call for
the attention to the link between the two concepts. The concept of criminal behaviour and mental
illness often overlap. Mental illness is problematic in a number of ways. Mental illness implies to
a distinction between physical and mental disorders that does not take into account the
connection between the physical and mental aspects (Helfgott, 2008). There are those who limit
the concept to major clinical disorders such as mood disorder and schizophrenia while others
include personality disorder in the definition. There are also others who use words such as
wastebasket category for all kinds of mental abnormalities, whether the conditions are
diagnosable or not. Therefore, when the issue of mental illness is in context, enormous human
behavioural symptoms which range from issue in living to severe psychopathological
disturbances are encompassed.
In the quest for understanding the link between criminal behaviour and mental illness, it
is prudent to analyse the conflicting goals of the criminal justice system and mental health. Even
though criminal behaviour and mental illness are conceptually different mental disorders and
psychiatric illnesses are usually implicated as influences in criminal behaviour. With regards to
personality disorder, particularly anti-social personality disorder as well as psychopathy, a
significant empirical link has been acknowledged between the conditions and criminal
behaviour. Though many individuals ...

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