english and biology

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I have two more files but it will not let me upload them. I don't know why. my labs are online just put in your own words. and please provide sources. if u use any google image please provide sources. some of my work has been done before but I just don't know which one. so am going to recheck and let you know. if it already don't I will be switching

Module 3 Discussion 2: Drawing Conclusions: How Does a Poison Affect Cellular Respiration? • • • • • • • Note - You will be assigned one of the following cellular respiration inhibitors for this discussion: Arsenic Antimycin A Cyanide Rotenone Malonate 2,4 DNP Fluoroacetate As you know by now, cellular respiration is essential for many organisms including plants, animals, and many single-celled organisms. What happens when a molecule interrupts cellular respiration? How might it do so? You may already have some thoughts on the answers to these questions! In fact, there are many ways to interrupt cellular respiration, and several molecules are known to do so, but one of the ways that affect many people is carbon monoxide (CO). Carbon monoxide sends 15,000 people to the emergency room every year and kills 500 (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2005). Let’s see how this dangerous gas works. You should spend approximately 3 hours on this assignment. • • • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2005, January 21). Unintentional non--fire-related carbon monoxide exposures in the United States, 2001--2003. MMWR, 54(02), 36-39. Instructions 1. Start your discussion post with the basics of cellular respiration. Make sure you include its function in the cell and a basic description of the three main stages of cellular respiration. Your next paragraph will focus on your assigned inhibitor. You should find one to two reliable sources that discuss how your assigned inhibitor works. Focus on the enzyme inhibited by your assigned inhibitor, and the part of cellular respiration that would be affected. What effect would the presence of your assigned inhibitor have on ATP production? What effect would the presence of your inhibitor have on the amount of NAD+, NADH, pyruvate, and oxygen present in the cell? If cellular respiration is blocked, can cells switch to a backup method for making ATP? All references must be cited using APA Style. Please refer to the CCCOnline APA Citation Toolkit. Module 3 Assignment: Rhetorical Analysis Essay OVERVIEW What is identity? In this module’s reading packet, you explored articles debating the role identity plays in our social and political world. You may have agreed with some of these arguments, and some of the arguments may have made you angry. Identity tends to be a significant, emotional topic. Before you explore the emotional reactions you had to these arguments, take a step back and look critically at the way these arguments were constructed. You may find a new respect for arguments you disagree with, or even arguments you agree with, if you remove your emotional reaction and look critically at the argumentation. In this assignment you will write a critical rhetorical analysis of an argument. In a rhetorical analysis, you will not respond to the topic of the article. You will focus on analyzing the rhetorical strategies of the author, not on arguing for or against the author's point. This can be difficult because you may have strong opinions on the argument. However, for this essay you must focus only on the way the author makes the argument (the argumentation), and not the argument itself. You will cite specific examples, quotes, descriptions, and details from the article to support your analytical claims. You should spend approximately 4 hours on this assignment. Instructions 1. Choose one of the articles from the Module 3 English Composition 1 Reading Packet. Read it several times, annotating it carefully each time. 2. Pre-Write: Use the ideas generated in the Discussion 2: Analysis Topic and Brainstorming discussion. Continue to look for argumentation and rhetorical choices in the article that are effective or ineffective. Evaluate the argument based on factors such as: o Use of rhetorical strategies (logos, ethos, pathos; formal logic) o The types of supporting evidence and the way the author uses, explains, or analyzes that evidence o Absence or presence of logical fallacies o Author’s tone Be sure to find examples of the claims you will make. Think about the significance of the author’s choices to the overall effectiveness of the argument. 3. Write: Write your rhetorical analysis essay. o Introduction: Your introduction should give a short, objective summary of the article. You should explain your analysis of the article’s rhetorical situation (SOAPSTone) in your summary. Your introduction should end with your analytical thesis. Your thesis should make a clear analytical claim about the rhetoric and argumentation strategies of the articles; show clearly what elements of the articles you will analyze; and convey the overall judgment of the article’s effectiveness. o Body Paragraphs: In the body of your essay, offer specific claims about the argumentation strategies the author uses in the article. Identify and evaluate rhetorical appeals, argumentation strategies, or specific language choices the author makes. Analyze the author’s tone, diction, word choices, evidence, and/or appeals. Consider how the author uses ethos, pathos, and logos in the argument. What other argument and rhetorical strategies do you see at work? Are they effective? Why? How? What tone has the author set, and how does the author establish that tone? Is it effective and appropriate? Look carefully at language choices and rhetoric. Give specific evidence from the article to support your claims. When you discuss diction or 4. 5. 6. 7. tone, quote phrases that support your assessment. When you discuss appeals, paraphrase the arguments that you believe illustrate those appeals at work in the argument. Be specific! o Conclusion: Conclude with your overall assessment of the effectiveness of this article’s argument based on the article’s intended audience and purpose. Your essay should be approximately 1,000 words. Proofread your work before submission. Be sure to use MLA Style to format this assignment. Apply MLA Style to all aspects of the paper, including the heading, title page, proper paragraph indentation and spacing, font, margins, size, etc. (For this assignment, a Works Cited page is not required.) Need help with MLA? Please refer to the CCCOnline MLA Citation Toolkit or consult the Purdue OWL for more information. Submit your assignment to the Module 3 Assignment folder: Rhetorical Analysis Essay Module 3 Discussion 1: Analysis Practice Instructions 1. Carefully read and annotate the following article by Bryan Brown, found at the CCCOnline Library: "The Pledge of Allegiance Has Undergone Many Changes Since It Was First Written. What Does It Mean to Americans Today?” 2. Think: What is the article about? What is Brown’s purpose in writing this article? How do you know? What audience do you think Brown is targeting? What evidence makes you think that? What is the tone? How can you tell? 3. Write: Write a short paragraph summarizing the article and discussing its main ideas. Then, analyze the rhetorical situation. Use the SOAPStone acronym that was presented in the Exploration section. Identify the speaker, occasion, audience, purpose, subject, and tone of the article. Paraphrase evidence from the article that supports your assessment of each element. Use specific examples from the article to support your interpretation of the audience, purpose, occasion, and tone. Remember to use an in-text citation each time you paraphrase. (For this assignment, a Works Cited page is not required.) Module 3 Discussion 2: Analysis Topic and Brainstorming Instructions 1. Read the articles included in the Module 3 English Composition 1 Reading Packet. Choose the article you find most interesting, and carefully annotate it to help with your own analysis. 2. Think: Consider the SOAPStone of the article. Think about the kinds of appeals the author makes to the reader. Are there appeals to ethos? Logos? Pathos? Where do you see these appeals? Are they effective for the purpose and the intended audience? Are they credible and fair? Are the appeals balanced? 3. Write: Write a short summary of the article. Then, give one example of an appeal to ethos, one example of an appeal to pathos, and one example of an appeal to logos. Paraphrase the sections of the articles where you see these appeals. Remember to use an in-text citation, formatted using MLA Style, each time you paraphrase. Finally, decide which type of appeal this writer uses most effectively, and state why. Post your completed summary and examples for your classmates’ review.
Lab 10: Unicellular Organisms Pre-Lab Questions 1. Identify the major similarities and differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. 2. Where is the DNA housed in a prokaryotic cell? Where is it housed in a eukaryotic cell? 3. Identify three structures which provide support and protection in a eukaryotic cell. Experiment 1: Mold Growth on Bread and Fruit- What are Optimal Conditions for Fungal Growth? Please type the answers to your lab questions in full sentence, using an alternate color or font, so that your answers are easy to grade. Be as detailed as possible in each response. You might even think about backing up your answers with outside sources, but be sure to cite and reference them all according to APA guidelines. Also, please pay attention to detail and format your document appropriately. Data Tables and Post-Lab Assessment Table 2: Fungi Growth Results Condition Number of Days Required for Growth to Begin Extent of Growth Bright, Control Bright, Water ©eScience Labs, LLC 2013 Bright, Sugar Bright, Lemon Bright, Vinegar Dark, Control Dark, Water Dark, Sugar Dark, Lemon Dark, Vinegar Post-Lab Questions 1. Which condition produced the most mold growth? The fastest? The least? The slowest? 2. Based on your results, what conditions are most favorable for mold growth on bread and apples? 3. Would these conditions apply to all fungal growth? 4. How would using fresh bread from a bakery (no preservatives) versus prepackaged bread (with preservatives) affect the results? ©eScience Labs, LLC 2013 5. How would changing the incubation temperature affect the results? How would you test these predictions? ©eScience Labs, LLC 2013 Experiment 2: Yogurt Preparation Data Tables and Post-Lab Assessment Table 3: Yogurt pH Results Sample pH Milk (Step 2) Milk: Heated and Cooled (Step 7) Milk + Yogurt (Step 11) Milk + Yogurt: Incubated 5 - 6 Hours (Step 15) Milk + Yogurt: Incubated 24 Hours (Step 16) ©eScience Labs, LLC 2013 Post-Lab Questions 6. Graph the pH changes over the course of the experiment. How does the pH change at each step? Why? 7. What attributes does lactic acid confer to yogurt? 8. How does the consistency of the milk change during the production of yogurt? What facilitates this change? 9. What are the breakdown products of lactose? ©eScience Labs, LLC 2013
Lab 7: Enzyme Catalysis Pre-Lab Questions 1. How could you test to see if an enzyme was completely depleted during an experiment? 2. Describe an experiment that could test the hypothesis that an enzyme binds to a substrate when it acts. 3. List three conditions that would alter the activity of an enzyme. Be specific with your explanation. 4. Take a look around your house and identify household products that work by means of an enzyme. Name the products, and indicate how you know they work with an enzyme. Experiment 1: Enzymes In Food Data Tables and Post-Lab Assessment Table 1: Substance vs. Starch Presence Substance Resulting Color Presence of Starch? Positive Control: Starch Negative Control: Student Must Select Food Product: ©eScience Labs, LLC 2013 Food Product: Saliva: Post-Lab Questions 1. What is the function of amylase? What does amylase do to starch? 2. What were your controls for this experiment? What did they demonstrate? Why was saliva included in this experiment? 3. Which of the foods that you tested contained amylase? Which did not? What experimental evidence supports your claim? 4. There is another digestive enzyme (other than salivary amylase) that is secreted by the salivary glands. Research to determine what this enzyme is called? What substrate does it act on? Where in the body does it become activated, and why? 5. The stomach contains enzymes that aid in digestion, including proteases which digest ©eScience Labs, LLC 2013 proteins. Why don’t these enzymes digest the stomach and small intestine, which are partially composed of protein? 6. Saliva does not contain amylase until babies are two months old. How could this affect an infant’s digestive requirements? ©eScience Labs, LLC 2013 Experiment 2: Effect of Temperature on Enzyme Activity Data Tables and Post-Lab Assessment Table 2: Balloon Circumference vs. Temperature Tube Temperature (°C) Balloon Circumference (Uninflated; cm) Balloon Circumference (Final; cm) 1 – (Cold) 2 – (RT) 3 – (Hot) Post-Lab Questions 7. What reaction is being catalyzed in this experiment? 8. What is the enzyme in this experiment? What is the substrate? 9. How does the temperature affect enzyme function? 10. Draw a graph of balloon diameter vs. temperature. What is the correlation? 11. Is there a limit to enzyme rate? Explain your response with scientific evidence. 12. Do bacteria have an enzyme that breaks down hydrogen peroxide? How could you test this? 13. How can enzyme activity be increased? ©eScience Labs, LLC 2013 14. Design an experiment to determine the optimal temperature for enzyme function, complete with controls. Where would you find the enzymes for this experiment? What substrate would you use? 15. Hydrogen peroxide is toxic to cells, yet is a common byproduct of the reactions that occur inside the body. How can this compound be changed to become non-toxic (Hint: Look at the chemical formula of hydrogen peroxide). 16. Identify the enzyme used in your experiment. Identify the substrate. 17. In general, how would an increase in substrate alter enzyme activity? Draw a graph to illustrate this relationship. ©eScience Labs, LLC 2013
Lab 7: Enzyme Catalysis Pre-Lab Questions 1. How could you test to see if an enzyme was completely depleted during an experiment? 2. Describe an experiment that could test the hypothesis that an enzyme binds to a substrate when it acts. 3. List three conditions that would alter the activity of an enzyme. Be specific with your explanation. 4. Take a look around your house and identify household products that work by means of an enzyme. Name the products, and indicate how you know they work with an enzyme. Experiment 1: Enzymes In Food Data Tables and Post-Lab Assessment Table 1: Substance vs. Starch Presence Substance Resulting Color Presence of Starch? Positive Control: Starch Negative Control: Student Must Select Food Product: ©eScience Labs, LLC 2013 Food Product: Saliva: Post-Lab Questions 1. What is the function of amylase? What does amylase do to starch? 2. What were your controls for this experiment? What did they demonstrate? Why was saliva included in this experiment? 3. Which of the foods that you tested contained amylase? Which did not? What experimental evidence supports your claim? 4. There is another digestive enzyme (other than salivary amylase) that is secreted by the salivary glands. Research to determine what this enzyme is called? What substrate does it act on? Where in the body does it become activated, and why? 5. The stomach contains enzymes that aid in digestion, including proteases which digest ©eScience Labs, LLC 2013 proteins. Why don’t these enzymes digest the stomach and small intestine, which are partially composed of protein? 6. Saliva does not contain amylase until babies are two months old. How could this affect an infant’s digestive requirements? ©eScience Labs, LLC 2013 Experiment 2: Effect of Temperature on Enzyme Activity Data Tables and Post-Lab Assessment Table 2: Balloon Circumference vs. Temperature Tube Temperature (°C) Balloon Circumference (Uninflated; cm) Balloon Circumference (Final; cm) 1 – (Cold) 2 – (RT) 3 – (Hot) Post-Lab Questions 7. What reaction is being catalyzed in this experiment? 8. What is the enzyme in this experiment? What is the substrate? 9. How does the temperature affect enzyme function? 10. Draw a graph of balloon diameter vs. temperature. What is the correlation? 11. Is there a limit to enzyme rate? Explain your response with scientific evidence. 12. Do bacteria have an enzyme that breaks down hydrogen peroxide? How could you test this? 13. How can enzyme activity be increased? ©eScience Labs, LLC 2013 14. Design an experiment to determine the optimal temperature for enzyme function, complete with controls. Where would you find the enzymes for this experiment? What substrate would you use? 15. Hydrogen peroxide is toxic to cells, yet is a common byproduct of the reactions that occur inside the body. How can this compound be changed to become non-toxic (Hint: Look at the chemical formula of hydrogen peroxide). 16. Identify the enzyme used in your experiment. Identify the substrate. 17. In general, how would an increase in substrate alter enzyme activity? Draw a graph to illustrate this relationship. ©eScience Labs, LLC 2013
The Case of the Murdered Midwife Part I: The Investigation It’s your first day shadowing a detective, and already it’s been interesting…if you can call the murder of a young woman interesting. You’ve been trying to detach yourself by reading the file, but you have interviews later this morning and you’re nervous. Going back to the file, you jot down some notes on what you know so far. Meleea was a 35-year-old nurse midwife with over ten years’ experience delivering babies both in hospitals, as well as in homes when risk for complications were low. She was healthy; her only medical condition was an allergy to bee stings. The body was discovered by her boyfriend when he came over for a planned dinner. The dinner – spaghetti – was laid out, but no cooking had begun. There was also a plate of cupcakes, with a bite out of only one of them. The boyfriend said Meleea had not mentioned feeling unwell when they spoke earlier in the day. She was, however, tired, and understandably upset about a long birth she had assisted with where a mother had died in childbirth. The medical examiner did not have results yet, so you sketch out some questions you have for the interviewees. 1. Who would you interview, and what would you ask? INSERT ANSWER 2. Do you have any hypotheses about what happened to Meleea? Write at least one or two possibilities. INSERT ANSWER Part II: The Medical Examiner’s Report You now have the medical examiner’s (ME) report. The ME believes she died of asphyxiation. You read that there were no marks on the body, including bee stings. She was healthy, but tissue analysis showed some bizarre results. There was tissue death, but not only that, microscopic analysis showed mitochondrial damage. In addition, there were high levels of oxygen in all tissues examined. 1. Based on the above, what cellular process might have been interrupted? Support your answer with the information above and knowledge gained in this module. Cite sources using APA Style. INSERT ANSWER 2. Are there any conflicting pieces of information in the above? If so, what are they? INSERT ANSWER Part III: Analysis of Metabolites The ME’s report also has a note at the end. She suspects poisoning based on the below results. Metabolite Oxygen NADH NAD+ Pyruvate Glucose Acetyl CoA ATP ADP Level Compared to Normal (High, Normal, or Low) High High Low Normal Normal Normal Low High 1. What is the role of each of the above metabolites in cellular respiration? INSERT ANSWER 2. Which of the above are abnormal? Which are normal? INSERT ANSWER 3. Based on your answers to the first two questions, what part of cellular respiration do you believe was interrupted? INSERT ANSWER Part IV: Test Results The ME received results for three poisons, and one came back positive: cyanide, a potent inhibitor of cellular respiration. 1. What is the mechanism of action of cyanide? Focus on the enzyme it inhibits, the type of inhibition, and the normal role of the enzyme in cellular respiration. INSERT ANSWER 2. Explain how Meleea died of asphyxiation when her oxygen levels are high. INSERT ANSWER Part V: Interviews After the detective saw the test results, you interviewed the boyfriend, the grieving husband, and the neighbors. No one confessed to the crime, but you did notice a spatula in the neighbor’s sink with the same color icing on it as the cupcake Meleea had begun eating. The detective bagged the spatula, and after confirming a match, the neighbor was arrested. After further interviews it appeared he had an unrequited love interest that turned to murder.

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Tutortitus
School: Duke University

Buddy receive the following completed assignments. The remaining two are coming. Thank you

Running head: HOW POISON AFFECTS CELLULAR RESPIRATION

Module 3 Discussion 2: Drawing Conclusions on How Poison Affects Cellular Respiration
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HOW POISON AFFECTS CELLULAR RESPIRATION

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Module 3 Discussion 2: Drawing Conclusions on How Poison Affects Cellular Respiration
Cell respiration is a lay down of metabolic response and processes that occur in the cells
of an individual in order to change the biochemical power from nutrients into adenosine
triphosphate and after conversion be able to discharge the waste products (Gout et al., 2014).
Cell respiration has three main stages, which include glycolysis, Krebs cycle and electron
transport chain. In the first stage, which is glycolysis, take place outside the mitochondria but in
the cytoplasm. The basic products for the glycolysis to take place are two pyruvic acids and 2
Adenosine Triphosphate. The next stage is the Krebs cycle. Krebs cycle normally occurs in the
mitochondria’s matrix. One of the major reactants of Krebs cycle is 2 Acetyl CoA, four carbon
acceptor that control the cycle, 8 NAD + 2 FAD that will be to carry electrons molecules and
2ADP + p which will be converted to 2 ATP and have the 6O2 that will help in generating
oxygen. The third stage is the electron transport chain, which happens, in the internal membrane
of the mitochondria inside the cristae. Its reactants include 10NADH electron carrier molecules,
six oxygen atoms, two FADH2, thirty-four ADP, and p (Gout et al., 2014). One of the inhibitors
includes potassium cyanide. It takes place in the respiration reaction in cells. If at any point these
enzyme stops functioning there will be no production of adenosine triphosphate. This is due to the
fact that the oxygen that is being willed decrease hence the cells involved can only take breaths
anaerobically. This will cause the production of lactic acid in the blood
If cellular respiration is blocked, there will be o cells that will switch to a backup method
in order to generate Adenosine triphosphate since the energy would be lost in for of heat and also
light.

HOW POISON AFFECTS CELLULAR RESPIRATION

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Reference
Gout, E., Rébeillé, F., Douce, R., & Bligny, R. (2014). Interplay of Mg2+, ADP, and ATP in the
cytosol and mitochondria: unravelling the role of Mg2+ in cell respiration. Proceedings
of the National Academy of Sciences, 111(43), E4560-E4567.


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Module 3 Discussion 2: Analysis Topic and Brainstorming; Trump's Domestic Policy on Identity
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