Argumentative Essay: Social Problem: Drug and Alcohol Abuse (6 pages)

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Question description

Drug and Alcohol Abuse

The assignment must have the following parts:

  • A brief argument on why your topic represents a social problem (15 points).
  • The identification of 5 sources (20 points).
  • A list of rhetorical devices and fallacies that might and have been applied to your social problem (25 points)
  • An argumentative essay regarding a social policy which might help address the social problem (40 points).

Parts 1 - 3 are very similar to Blog Assignments 1 - 3. It is expected that students will build on their work in these assignments. Part 4 is an essay and I strongly suggest that you watch the video on writing an argumentative essay before commencing.

In terms of paper organization, please begin with a title page which includes your name and the social problem you are addressing. Then, separate the paper into sections to address the four parts. I might suggest using the following sub-section titles:

1) Why [INSERT YOUR SOCIAL PROBLEM HERE] is an important social problem?,

2) Credible and Non-Credible Sources of Information on [YOUR SOCIAL PROBLEM],

3) Common Rhetorical Devices and Fallacies Applied to [YOUR SOCIAL PROBLEM], and

4) Addressing [YOUR SOCIAL PROBLEM] through [A BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE POLICY YOU ARE ADVOCATING FOR].

Here are additional details on the four parts of this assignment:

  • This should be a brief (about 1-2 pages) argument that explains why your topic is a social problem. It is likely that you can utilize much of the same language from Blog 1. Be sure that you present an actual argument - that is, there needs to be identified issue, a set of premises, and a conclusion. Although this is in essay format-not list format! For this part of the paper, the conclusion should be something like "therefore, this [whatever you are writing about] is a social problem" or "therefore, society should be concerned about [your topic] because it is a social problem." This is not, however, the place to discuss potential solutions (that comes in part 4).
  • Here, you should provide a list of sources that readers might reference if they want to gain more information about your topic. Specifically, you must present 5 sources. Be sure to provide formal citations (any style is fine). 2 of these sources must be peer-reviewed articles, 2 of these sources must be credible websites, and 1 of these sources must be non-credible sources of information. You should include a brief (4-6 sentences) summary of each source and 2-3 sentence explanation for why it is or is not credible. You must USE and CITE the credible sources you list here should when writing part 4. This part of the paper should be written as a list of sources with citations and summaries/explanations written below each citation.
  • For part 3, you want to list at least three rhetorical devices or fallacies that you can envision people applying to your social problem. Briefly explain why you think EACH of these rhetorical devices or fallacies might be applied to this problem. For one, provide actual example (hyperlink REQUIRED) of how this has occurred for one of the fallacies or rhetorical devices you have selected. You do not need an example for each rhetorical device or fallacy (only one of them - the discussion of the other 2 can more hypothetical-how it MIGHT be used/applied to your social problem). This should be no more than 1 page.
  • In part 4, you are writing a brief argumentative essay on how we, as a society, might start to address your social problem. Please view the online materials for this topic in this module. This essay should clearly identify your claim and provide a well-structured argument as to why your proposed social policy would help address the social problem. This essay should be built on credible sources (those you identified in part 2) and should include in-text citations. In order to succeed in this part of the assignment, you must propose a reasonable social policy solution (meaning, your solution cannot be about personal and family changes) - meaning, what can we, as a society do to address this problem and how might we make that happen? This should be 800-1000 words.

The assignment will be checked for plagiarism using the Safe-Assign tool. The paper will be graded both on content and writing, so be sure to proofread your assignment carefully. All papers should be written in a standard font and should be double-spaced.

1. Paper: Follow my directions EXACTLY. Too many of you have lost points because either purposefully or unintentionally, you have ignored requests for specific formatting, clickable hyperlinks, number of sources, word count, etc. You turning in "something" if that "something" ignores my requirements isn't much better than just failing to turn in anything. You will NOT pass this paper assignment if you don't make sure that your work in every way reflects the requirements of that section 2. Accuracy: For the assignments, a few of you have received feedback from me as I noted that your arguments were factually inaccurate. But I took off minimal points for that in the low stakes assignments. I will be looking for accuracy in your arguments in your final paper. Don't make statements you can't support with peer reviewed sources/credible sources. If you do, your grade will be dramatically diminished due to this. Only about 5 of you are writing about topics I don't normally teach/didn't really study in graduate school (climate change, food production, international graft); the overwhelming majority of you are writing about topics I teach on an annual basis (poverty, education, families, health) which means I know theories, government policies, and the most up-to-date research-if you make an off-hand claim that you don't support (and particularly, if you make a multitude of those) and in fact CAN'T support with credible sources, I will heavily deduct from your paper score, especially in part 4 which is where you offer a solutionsbased essay. At this point in the course, don't turn in a lazy paper you have only half-resarched and poorly sourced. 3. Final Thoughts-DON'T change your social problem; I won't even grade a paper on a different topic. For those of you who have written on 2 (or 3) topics this summer-choose at least 1 of those and write your final paper on that 1 topic. You can use your earlier assignments as a building block for your final paper (parts 1-3)-provided you received positive feedback on those assignments-if you turn in something I failed you for before, I will fail you even harder for that section on the final paper. Don't turn in "bad" work for the second time just to avoid doing additional work. Plagiarism-you might have a higher than usual safeassign score (28%+) because you are reusing some of your own work-that is ok. But if I pull up your safeassign report and I see that you have a high score because you have plagiarized work from another student or from an Internet source-I will fail you automatically. Make sure you submit a document I can open (and for some of you, make sure you are uploading an actual document and not a blank sheet of paper)-I usually grade these right before grades are due, which means if I can't open it, I won't be able to grade it and will have limited time to track you down to address the issue (same goes for the EC assignments)
The assignment must have the following parts: 1. A brief argument on why your topic represents a social problem (15 points). 2. The identification of 5 sources (20 points). 3. A list of rhetorical devices and fallacies that might and have been applied to your social problem (25 points) 4. An argumentative essay regarding a social policy which might help address the social problem (40 points). Parts 1 - 3 are very similar to Blog Assignments 1 - 3. It is expected that students will build on their work in these assignments. Part 4 is an essay and I strongly suggest that you watch the video on writing an argumentative essay before commencing. In terms of paper organization, please begin with a title page which includes your name and the social problem you are addressing. Then, separate the paper into sections to address the four parts. I might suggest using the following sub-section titles: 1) Why [INSERT YOUR SOCIAL PROBLEM HERE] is an important social problem?, 2) Credible and Non-Credible Sources of Information on [YOUR SOCIAL PROBLEM], 3) Common Rhetorical Devices and Fallacies Applied to [YOUR SOCIAL PROBLEM], and 4) Addressing [YOUR SOCIAL PROBLEM] through [A BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE POLICY YOU ARE ADVOCATING FOR]. Here are additional details on the four parts of this assignment: 1. This should be a brief (about 1-2 pages) argument that explains why your topic is a social problem. It is likely that you can utilize much of the same language from Blog 1. Be sure that you present an actual argument - that is, there needs to be identified issue, a set of premises, and a conclusion. Although this is in essay format-not list format! For this part of the paper, the conclusion should be something like "therefore, this [whatever you are writing about] is a social problem" or "therefore, society should be concerned about [your topic] because it is a social problem." This is not, however, the place to discuss potential solutions (that comes in part 4). 2. Here, you should provide a list of sources that readers might reference if they want to gain more information about your topic. Specifically, you must present 5 sources. Be sure to provide formal citations (any style is fine). 2 of these sources must be peer- reviewed articles, 2 of these sources must be credible websites, and 1 of these sources must be non-credible sources of information. You should include a brief (4-6 sentences) summary of each source and 2-3 sentence explanation for why it is or is not credible. You must USE and CITE the credible sources you list here should when writing part 4. This part of the paper should be written as a list of sources with citations and summaries/explanations written below each citation. 3. For part 3, you want to list at least three rhetorical devices or fallacies that you can envision people applying to your social problem. Briefly explain why you think EACH of these rhetorical devices or fallacies might be applied to this problem. For one, provide actual example (hyperlink REQUIRED) of how this has occurred for one of the fallacies or rhetorical devices you have selected. You do not need an example for each rhetorical device or fallacy (only one of them - the discussion of the other 2 can more hypotheticalhow it MIGHT be used/applied to your social problem). This should be no more than 1 page. 4. In part 4, you are writing a brief argumentative essay on how we, as a society, might start to address your social problem. Please view the online materials for this topic in this module. This essay should clearly identify your claim and provide a well-structured argument as to why your proposed social policy would help address the social problem. This essay should be built on credible sources (those you identified in part 2) and should include in-text citations. In order to succeed in this part of the assignment, you must propose a reasonable social policy solution (meaning, your solution cannot be about personal and family changes) - meaning, what can we, as a society do to address this problem and how might we make that happen? This should be 800-1000 words. The assignment will be checked for plagiarism using the Safe-Assign tool. The paper will be graded both on content and writing, so be sure to proofread your assignment carefully. All papers should be written in a standard font and should be double-spaced.
Running head: DRUG AND ALCOHOL ABUSE 1 Assignment #1 Feedback to Learner Writing = 4List of Issue, Premises, and Conclusion = 0 (missing a list) Content (Is this a social problem, does the argument make sense, etc.) = 6 Drug and Alcohol Abuse Drug addiction is amongst the most experienced social problem in the society. Statistics reveal that over 20 million people are former or current drug addicts in the U.S. Alcoholism results in over 88, 000 deaths in the U.S annually (Fox, Oliver & Ellis 2013). Drug and alcoholrelated deaths are the fourth preventable deaths in the US according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). Just like the U.S, most of the European countries have high cases of drug and alcohol abuse. Drug addiction has so many social impacts in the society. Drug and alcohol abuse is associated with family breakups, increased crime rates, loss of employment, child abuse as well as domestic violence. Drug and alcohol abuse has enormous impacts on society as a whole; it affects worker productivity, the quality of life and healthcare utilization. Drug and alcohol abuse is a major social problem in the modern American society. Many families break down as a result of drug and alcohol abuse in the U.S. A drug addict is more likely to spend most of their time looking for liquor instead of taking care of families. The impacts of family breakups affect many families and many communities in the US (Fox, Oliver & Ellis 2013). Sometimes, the community decides taking care of the abandoned children who have been victims of drug addict parents. Drug addicts prefer spending their monies on liquor instead of paying rent for their families or buying food. Drug addicts are selfish people whose aim is self-satisfaction even at the expense of their suffering families. DRUG AND ALCOHOL ABUSE 2 Drug abuse affects the productivity of a worker and at most this leads to loss of employment. Most of the working people in the U.S have families to take care of and losing a job affects the well-being of so many people in the society who are dependent on the financial services of the person. A drug addict tends to be lazy and unproductive at work, and this hampers with the expected services produced. While in the workplace, a drug addict may seem withdrawn, moody and highly sensitive to small issues. Persistence in their behavior often results in the termination of their contracts. This may come as a massive blow to the person and the family; because the individual depends on the money to buy drugs and alcohol while the family depends on the money for various social and health uses. As a result, the life of the person and that of their families are destroyed because of drug and alcohol consumption. In summary, drug and alcohol use is a social problem because the consequences manifest in various harmful ways to the society. Apart from being abusive to their neighbors, drug addicts spend heavily on buying drugs and liquor. The community ends up faced with so many problems as a result of drug and alcohol abuse (Fox, Oliver & Ellis 2013). Family breakdowns and loss of jobs due to drug addiction is indeed a social problem in society. DRUG AND ALCOHOL ABUSE 3 References Thomas Peter Fox, Govind Oliver & Sophie Marie Ellis (2013). The Destructive Capacity of Drug Abuse: An Overview Exploring the Harmful Potential of Drug Abuse Both to the Individual and to Society. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/450348 accessed on June 5, 2018
1 Assignment #2 Feedback to Learner Writing = 2 (provide full citations followed by the write-ups-this is poorly formatted) Locating 3 appropriate sources with hyperlinks = 3 Summarizing sources = 3 Critique sources =5 (well done) ***If your format your part 2 of the final paper this way, I will be much more punitive. Follow the examples and provide full citations (in the format of your choice) but do not embed your citation information in your write up) Alcohol Abuse, Drug Abuse, and Sexual Offending This article is about a research on alcohol, drug abuse and sexual offending that is related to the drugs and substance abuse. The article also details the approaches that can be used on these people who are known to use these drugs. There are risk factors that relate to victims of this group who are high-risk offenders. Such cases include people who have been sexually abused. The article discusses how to deal with the factors that contribute to the crimes caused by the offenders as written by Abracen, J., & Looman, J. (2016). The writers give an example that alcohol use increases the chances of doing a sexual offense. The article can be found online through this URL; https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1002/9781118980132.ch12 Abracen, J., & Looman, J. (2016) Alcohol Abuse, Drug Abuse, and Sexual Offending. Treatment of High-Risk Sexual Offenders: An Integrated Approach, 154-162. I believe that this is a reputable and credible source that can be trusted; peer-reviewed article as well. Wiley.com is an online library that has been used by many researchers who have always given positive information about its credibility and originality. The online library has been used by researchers and for academic use ever since it was first created. Both the writers, Abracen and Looman have done credible works on; therefore, they have a good reputation. The article has 2 great comments of how the work is well researched on and that it has been of much help to those who comment on it. Personally, having read the whole article, the information provided is straightforward and accurate. 2. Alcohol and Drug Abuse in Young People According to this article Healthwise Staff (October 9, 2017), many people use of the drug is simply part of their growing up and since they have a lot of curiosity, they end up trying different drugs. When the passes this stage most people stop using these drugs, but others have already become addicts. Many young people try a lot of the drugs such as include; alcohol, cigarettes, marijuana, household chemicals, and medicine that have been prescribed to other people. Although drugs such as alcohol and nicotine are not illegal, they are dangerous and harmful to the health of these individuals who use them. The use of drugs by the young people can affect their emotional, physical growth, and social behavior. Therefore, the use of drugs should be avoided by all means if possible to ensure a healthy life. Substance abuse also contributes to increase in crime therefore, it is a major factor that causes offenses and can easily result in some jail time for these young people. The article can be found online in this link: https://myhealth.alberta.ca/Health/pages/conditions.aspx?hwId=tp17749 Healthwise Staff (October 9, 2017) Alcohol and Drug Abuse in Young People. This is a less reputable article. Although the site is about the health care system, its credibility is not guaranteed because it’s not a peer-reviewed site as well as the article. The website is a less credible source because it only addresses the people of the region where it is located and its staff. Hence the information found in this article cannot be said to be credible nor original to the author. 3 3. Follow Our Journey to Prevent Drugs and Substance Abuse. As the name suggests, this is a personal blog that has information about prevention of drugs and substance abuse. The creator of this blog is doing online campaign against drugs and substance abuse. Also, there is a link to donate some money to those who are well-wishers or supporters of this blog. There is detailed information on the fight against drugs and a clear goal of prevention of drug abuse. The owner of the blog says that most people have decided to be quiet about the issue but he or she is ready to campaign against it with all resources available. Details of myths and truth about drugs are given with the advantages and disadvantages of using drugs that have not been banned by the law. The mission and vision are clear that all drugs are harmful to the health of the user whether illegal or not. And abuse of the drugs amounts to the same addiction which has consequences to the health of the person using them. The blog can be found online through this link: https://www.fate.org/blog/ the information found in this blog cannot be trusted because it is not credible. The owner of the blog does not give any evidence or source of this information. In addition, this is a personal blog and there is little or no supervision of what is to be posted here. This means that even lies or wrong information can be posted, and no checks are done or investigations to the information found on blogs. Therefore, this source cannot be trusted and what is found in such blogs should be carefully evaluated to know whether is true or not.
Assignment #3 Feedback to Learner6/25/18 3:35 PM Writing = 4 Locating appropriate example of fallacy and providing hyperlink = 1 (you appear to miss the point of this assignment-instead of finding and naming a specific type of fallacy/rhetorical device-you instead argue that about the logic/science behind an alcohol myth-not what you were asked to do here) Correctly identifying the type of fallacy/device employed=1 (the fact you couldn't NAME what type of fallacy you were saying was being employed here-should have been the first indicator that you were not approaching this assignment correctly-do this in your final paper and you will fail this section) Content-4 (I am being generous with points here because this was a lengthy treatise on an alcohol myth-so you put in work just not at all the work I asked you to do) Social Problem: Drug and Alcohol Abuse Excessive consumption of alcohol and drugs and substance abuse are among the critical issues affecting the society. Despite the numerous efforts that have been undertaken by the government and other concerned groups, the issue remains a great menace to the community. The drug users have adopted various myths and misconceptions to support their bad habits. These fallacies are meant to create a justification of lousy drinking habits that the individuals might possess. Some of these fallacies have been formulated by the specific drug manufacturers and are intended to lure individuals into the use of these drugs. Some of these fallacies have also been carried on across generations and are widely spread among individuals. Despite the efforts scientists have taken to try and dispute these fallacies, most individuals who abuse these drugs hold on to the illogical fallacies with the aim of justifying their actions. Alcohol being the casing point is one of the oldest yet most widely consumed drugs (G.E Vaillant 2018). Over the recent past, there have been various fallacies on alcohol consumption. One of the most common mistakes is “Hair of the Dog” by Booze. Booze implied that drinking more alcohol could, in fact, cure a hangover. This belief has been dramatically embraced in social media platforms and also among the society as people tend to believe that taking more wine could cure hangovers. A typical example is an extract from John Heywood poem; I pray thee let me and my fellow have, A hair of the dog that bit us last night And bitten were we both to the brain aright. Several individuals have come in support of the science of Booze claiming that it is indeed true that more alcohol could cure an individual of a hangover. Among them is Adam Rogers who is a science journalist and also the author of; “Proof: The Science of Booze.” He claimed that alcohol consumption leads to a little bit of methanol being left in one’s enzymes. Methanol contributes to an individual experiencing hangover symptom. He goes further to explain that if a hangover is due to methanol toxicity, additional alcohol consumption could lead to ethanol displacing the methanol from the enzymes hence curing the hangover. Adam Roger has also warned people about drinking alcohol on an empty stomach and also avoiding dark-colored alcohol since they contain more impurities. Booze’s science on “the hair of the dog” has received massive criticism being branded as illogical. In an email Verster sent to Haaretz, there is no scientific evidence to show that “hair of the dog works as a hangover cure” (Schuster 2015). Moore 2017 disputes the myth claiming that it had no basis on science and that if in any case, it was true it would be based on one's definition of cure. Taking alcohol to relieve hangover is temporary and could only prolong hangover. This could eventually lead to addiction. Adam Rogers’s remarks have however not come unnoticed. They have received massive criticism and have been branded illogical. His observation of not drinking on an empty stomach has also been criticized. Among the criticizers is Kathryn Siege (2014). Siege claims that eating before consuming alcohol could slow down the rate of alcohol absorption, but it cannot prevent one from getting drunk. It is evident that the fallacy of drinking more alcohol to cure the hangover (the hair of the dog) has no scientific basis. It is only meant to ruin individuals by making them consume more alcohol which could lead to addiction in the long-run. References Dave Mosher 2016 49 Health 'Facts' You've Been Told All Your Life That Are Totally Wrong Retrieved 6/15/2018 from http://www.businessinsider.com/worst-science-health-body-myths2016-8?IR=T George E. Vaillant Mark Keller (2018) Alcohol Consumption Retrieved 6/15/2018 from https://www.britannica.com/topic/alcohol-consumption#ref251719/ Kathryn Siegel (2014) The 13 Biggest Myths About Alcohol, Busted Retrieved 6/15/2018 from https://greatist.com/health/13-biggest-myths-alcohol Lizzie Dearan (2014) The ‘Hair Of The Dog’ Could Really Be The Best Hangover Cure, Book Says Retrieved 6/15/2018 from [22:49, 6/15/2018] njengafestus33: https://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/the-hair-of-the-dog-could-really-be-the-besthangover-cure-book-says-9687346.html Ruth Schuster (2015) Hair of the Dog Won’t Cure Hangover, Science Shows Retrieved 6/15/2018 from https://www.haaretz.com/science-and-health/hair-of-the-dog-won-tcure-hangover-1.5391837

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School: Purdue University

Hello, in case of any edits,please let me know.

Running head: DRUG AND ALCOHOL ABUSE

Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Name of student
Name of course
Affiliated institution
Instructor’s name
Date

1

DRUG AND ALCOHOL ABUSE

2

Why drug and alcohol abuse is a social problem

Drug and alcohol abuse has been a persistent discussion topic ever since the nineteenth century.
The fact that we still experience extreme drug and alcohol abuse cases means that this problem has
probably been approached in an insufficient manner (A European Guide. 2017). Alternatively, it
might also mean that the real causes of drug and alcohol abuse have never been solved. Drug and
alcohol abuse is, therefore, a social problem because of its many direct and indirect effects on the
society.

The mystery involving the drug and alcohol abuse persistence as a social problem comes from
the fact that the subject brings diversified assumptions. People believe that this is an individual
problem and that it involves a simple process of drug and alcohol consumption, addiction and
rehabilitation. It looks like everyone is very aware of the effects and impacts of drug and alcohol
abuse, but there have been less combined efforts to educate the people that as much as these
problems begin with an individual, the impacts affect all of us.

Contrary to the assumption that drug and alcohol abuse is a problem for the family and friends of
the affected, it is relevant to look at the contributions of these individuals to the society. Alcohol and
drug abuse is a collection of a plague that reverberates its effects outwards. The results affect more
people than just the victim’s inner circle. The adverse effects are felt by the family, friends and have
long-lasting impacts on the community and the nation at large. Apart from the fact that this subject
has been accommodated in the society as a simple problem hence accruing more victims, there is a
lot to talk about on the effects it has on the persons abusing drugs and alcohol. Therefore, society
should be concerned about drug and alcohol abuse because it is a contaminating social problem with
both obvious and hidden repercussions.

DRUG AND ALCOHOL ABUSE

3

Reference sources for Drug and Alcohol Abuse

A European Guide. (2017). Health and social responses to drug problems: European

Monitoring Center for Drugs and Drug Abuse. Doi: 10.2810/961338

This is a guide to handling the common social health problems with special consideration
to addictions. The voluminous article has extensively researched on causes and impacts of
addictions. It groups addicts into several categories and tries to giv...

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