art history

timer Asked: Jun 29th, 2018
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You must take the Final Exam at the allotted time and hit the submit button BEFORE the time ends. Also copy and paste your written answers into another document so you have a record of your work in case of a computer crisis. ***Make sure to start the Exam well before the cut-off time to leave enough time to finish and submit.

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School: UIUC



Question 1
The Liberation of Aunt Jemima
The Liberation of Aunt Jemima art was done in 1972 by Betye Saar was done during the
liberation movement which was seeking for the empowerment of black women. Saar’s art aimed
at fighting racism sexism. The picture's foreground is dominated by a portrait of a motherly
figure and a white kid within. The big Jemima has a broom on the one left hand and a firearm on
the right hand. The broom and the gun represent a transformation of women from happy servants
and caregivers to proud militants whose issues need to be addressed urgently. The large clenched
fist represents the African power. The stands before the picture of small Jemima symbolize the
violent and drastic ways which were used by black Americans in the 1972 to fight their welfares.
The transformation of Aunt Jemima from a inactive domestic into a representation of black
supremacy shows how she has been enlightened herself from both the difficulties of white
harassment and the old-style gender roles where women were required to do home chores. The
use of mammy stereotype was preserved for product advertisements in the 20th century like the
product called the Aunt Jemima pancake syrup shown at the ...

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