I want to do responses regarding the answers that you will find it below

Anonymous
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this is for the first answer1. Drawing on your current knowledge of an HVA, explain why a county assessment might be different from a city / borough one.

the second one. 2. Must every small town or borough have its own HVA? Why or why not?


Drawing on your current knowledge of an HVA, explain why a county assessment might be different from a city / borough one. This is was the question for this response. THIRA and HVA are systematic approaches towards dealing with hazards and risks that might befall a community. They are meant to assess the level of preparedness for the community in dealing with the issues that might come along (Waugh 2015). These risks and hazards may be either natural human-made. Counties and city authorities need to be adequately prepared in case such a disaster occur in their communities. However, the two levels of governance may not need the same level of preparedness considering a county is bigger than a city. This means that the county management is delegated a larger area of disaster-prone communities compared to a city. In the state of Columbia, each county and city within the state is expected to maintain a disaster agency. Otherwise, they are expected to participate in either a local or interjurisdictional disaster agency. This shows that the state authorities have realized that each unit of governance within the state need to take into consideration hazards and risks that might befall their communities. Notable is the fact that in most cases, a city falls under the jurisdiction of the county authorities (Caruson & MacManus, 2006). The fact that their areas are more populated requires that the management of the city sets up a disaster assessment and management unit to oversee the general safety of the people. From the preceding, it can be concluded that the county authorities have a larger area to cover compared to that of the city. As for the county, it is under their jurisdiction to assess the risks and hazards that befall their people and report the same to the state government. The city manager, on the other hand, reports their findings to the county management as the area under their jurisdiction still falls under the county government. It is only in larger cities such as New York that has been divided into boroughs that the risks and hazard management falls under the jurisdiction of the city management. References Caruson, K., & MacManus, S. A. (2006). Mandates and management challenges in the trenches: An intergovernmental perspective on homeland security. Public Administration Review, 66(4), 522-536. Waugh, W. L. (2015). Living with Hazards, Dealing with Disasters: An Introduction to Emergency Management: An Introduction to Emergency Management. Routledge. 2. Must every small town or borough have its own HVA? Why or why not? This is was the question for this response. Second response. I think there are several important factors to consider with this question. Firstly, the town itself should be defined. When we talk about small towns these may fall into several different categories . These categories are important to consider, because they have political and legal consequences which may determine whether or not they should or can have an official HVA that is stand alone for their area. It could be an actual city that has a small population, which would make it the larger jurisdiction for other potential towns that may look to it for assistance during disaster. This small town may then actually be the largest community in the area and would probably need an HVA for itself and others. There are other sub categories of communities that include, Hamlets, Patents, Towns, Villages and more. All of these will have different relationships with neighboring communities and larger cities. Their is usually some sort of cooperative or coalition effort with healthcare and emergencies that several communities will be involved with, with a central leader city at the head of the effort. For this reason, the coalition must decide TOGETHER, whether or not the individual smaller communities need HVAs. Another important factor to consider is the uniqueness of the area. Their may be a large city that has an extensive HVA and additional EOP based on the unique characteristics has with the environment in the region. But if there is a small town nearby, that is built over a basin from a lake, they may have a vulnerability that the bigger city doesn't. Therefore they can't entire rely on the bigger city's HVA in order to acurately assess hazards and vulnerabilities. This factor or environmental characteristics is a major deciding factor for whether or not a small town needs their own HVA (Cross, J. A. 2001). Reference: Cross, J. A. (2001). Megacities and small towns: different perspectives on hazard vulnerability. Global Environmental Change Part B: Environmental Hazards, 3(2), 63-80.

Tutor Answer

Vndungu11
School: Carnegie Mellon University

Answer posted please confirmKindly go through the work and let me know in case of anything unsatisfactory or if you need anything rectified

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I agree that disaster preparedness using either THIRA and HVA syst...

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Anonymous
Awesome! Exactly what I wanted.

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