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QUESTION 1 1. Which of the following perspectives is concerned, primarily, with the meaning that people place on their own and one another's behavior? Functionalism Symbolic interactionism Conflict theory Middle-range theory Ethnomethodology 3 points QUESTION 2 1. According to _____, the task of the sociological imagination is to see the relationship between individual experiences and larger social forces. Harriet Martineau Karl Marx C. Wright Mills Emile Durkheim Auguste Comte 3 points QUESTION 3 1. Which of the following sociological perspectives views society as a system of highly interrelated structures or parts that operate together harmoniously? conflict. interactionism. societalism. functionalism. none of the above. 3 points QUESTION 4 1. The main focus or unit of analysis for sociologists is: groups. strange people. individuals. unusual occurrences. events which other sciences cannot explain. 3 points QUESTION 5 1. A sociological theory concerned with the issues of who benefits from particular social arrangements and how the powerful maintain their positions is known as conflict theory. coercion theory. functionalism. symbolic interactionism. concentric zone theory. 3 points QUESTION 6 1. The sociological imagination asks us to broaden our perspective beyond individual experiences. narrow our perspective by looking only at particular events. theorize without seeking actual evidence. improve our society. suspend judgment until all of the facts have been gathered. 3 points QUESTION 7 1. Sociologically, the positive connection between hours of study and students test scores demonstrates _____ preparing before taking examinations. a finding about test taking ability, not the random event unconnected to the an example of the need for intervention for students who are unengaged in a latent function of a manifest function of 3 points QUESTION 8 1. C. Wright Mills used the term _____ to refer to the relationship between individual experiences and forces in the larger society that shape our actions. phenomenology sociological imagination social science social dynamics social conflict 3 points QUESTION 9 1. The Functionalist perspective and _____ can be thought of as opposite sides of the same coin. Social Darwinism Social Interactionist Conflict Theory Social Work Criminology 3 points QUESTION 10 1. Untended and not readily recognized consequences of social processes. Manifest functions Latent functions Misfunctions Dysfunctions Malfunctions 3 points QUESTION 11 1. _____ theorists contend that social change is pushed forward by social conflict. Functionalist Conflict Interactionist Darwinist None of these 3 points QUESTION 12 1. Which sociological perspective is focused on how individuals make sense of or interpret their social world? Interactionist Conflict Functionalist Societalist All of these 3 points QUESTION 13 1. Mark, whose parents are wealthy, has been socialized to believe that he can be whoever he wants to be. His best friend Matt, whose parents are blue-collar workers, has been socialized to believe that hard work and following instructions is all he needs to support himself. Which sociological paradigm does this story fit? Structural functionalism Conflict Symbolic Interactionism Feminist Theory 3 points QUESTION 14 1. Joseph and Paula are excited to welcome their child into the world. They cannot wait to pass on all their knowledge, insight, and rich culture. Just as their parents gave them guidance and showed them how to live, Joseph and Paula will continue the chain by handing down their societal values and thus, sustain the society they love so much. Which sociological paradigm does this story fit? Structural functionalism Conflict Symbolic interactionism Feminist theory 3 points QUESTION 15 1. Ahmed has been trying to change his schedule so that he can take one more AP class his senior year in high school. He keeps running between the guidance office and the administration office to sort out the problem. Ahmed’s interaction with the school’s bureaucracy is an example of The influences of a total institution The generalized other The influences of one’s peer group The hidden curriculum of schools 3 points QUESTION 16 1. Sumaira is scared that she will not find a job in the current economy. She decides to be a business major and attend one of the top business schools in the country. Upon graduation, she is hired by a major investment banking firm in New York. Sumaira has completed A degradation ceremony Developing her sense of self Anticipatory socialization Developing her sense of morality 3 points QUESTION 17 1. During her first day of kindergarten, Marie does not understand how the lunch line in the cafeteria works. She hesitates and watches as the older kids pick up their trays and silverware and then get in line. She follows their lead and successfully buys herself lunch. Marie’s experience in the lunchroom is an example of _____. Socialization The looking glass self Resocialization Anticipatory socialization 3 points QUESTION 18 1. Baby Marla is always well dressed. She has ribbons, bows, and frills all over her dresses and even in her hair. Her mother, who is worried that people might mistake Marla for a little boy, is determined to communicate to the world that she has a baby girl. Which sociological paradigm does this story fit? Structural functionalism Conflict Symbolic interactionism Exchange theory 3 points QUESTION 19 1. It is parent-teacher conference day at Littleton Elementary School. Jimmy’s teacher is anxious to meet his parents and discuss his habit of disrupting the class. When the teacher expresses her concern that Jimmy is not being socialized properly, his dad insists that he was the same way at Jimmy’s age and that disrupting the class is natural for the children in his family. Jimmy’s teacher and father are arguing about which fundamental sociological theory? Kohlberg’s theory of Moral Development George Herbert Mead’s theory of self-development Nature vs. Nurture Freud’s theory of self-development 3 points QUESTION 20 1. Katrina, age 5, and Sharon, age 4, love to play together while their mothers chat. Katrina has a toy iron and washing machine. She and Sharon spend hours “washing” and “ironing” her baby doll’s clothes, just like they see their mothers do. Which of George Herbert Mead’s stages of development are Katrina and Sharon exemplifying? The play stage The prepatory stage The game stage The "generalized other" stage 3 points QUESTION 21 1. The most valuable contribution made by Erikson's theory of development is that it breaks development down into eight simple stages. shows that socialization is completed in early childhood. shows that socialization is a lifelong process. shows that the most important stages of socialization occur after age thirty. shows the importance of culture to the process of socialization. 3 points QUESTION 22 1. Bobby came home from school crying because the other kids in his class were calling him stupid. His mother tried to console him, but he really started to believe that he was stupid. Charles Cooley would say that this is a classic example of _______. The looking-glass self The resocialization process A degradation ceremony Poor parenting 3 points QUESTION 23 1. Some sociologists have pointed out that gender roles are often determined by how a society socializes young boys and girls. Which of the following is an example of socializing a child into a gender role? Taking Jimmy to the aquarium Buying Sarah a toy kitchen to play with Letting Kim wear pants to school Allowing Joey to sleep with his “blankey 3 points QUESTION 24 1. Parents often socialize their children to: Understand and follow different norms from what they themselves follow Understand and follow the same norms that they themselves follow Ignore society and create their own norms and follow them regardless of consequences Ignore society and live alone without much interaction with other people 3 points QUESTION 25 1. Education is important to society because: It teaches children facts about the world in which they live It teaches children how to interact with their peers and helps them to gain social graces It teaches children how to react to authority and how to behave in group and one-on-one situations All of the above 3 points QUESTION 26 1. Sherry is in her mid-eighties and is moving to a nursing home. She is used to getting up at 5 o’clock each morning and making breakfast for herself. Her new roommate likes to sleep until 7 o’clock and breakfast is not served at the nursing home until 8 o’clock. What is Sherry most likely to experience through this transition? A shift in her desire to enjoy life A shift in her reading habits Resocialization A complete and permanent loss of herself 3 points QUESTION 27 1. Erik Erikson’s theory explains Why Rhesus Monkeys preferred terry cloth maternal stand-ins versus the maternal stand-ins that provided food How human sexual desire is linked to the development of a personality When human moral development begins in an individual How the actions of society help shape personalities throughout the eight basic stages of life 3 points QUESTION 28 1. The process of social interaction that teaches a child the intellectual, physical, and social skills needed to function as a member of society is called identification. social adjustment. socialization. social conditioning. human modeling. 3 points QUESTION 29 1. Nonmaterial culture consists of ideas associated with the use of material objects. norms. values. all of the above. none of the above 3 points QUESTION 30 1. Studying or understanding a social group on its own terms is necessary to achieve cultural realism. idealism. relativism. lag. non-ethnocentrism. 3 points QUESTION 31 1. _____ is/are any new practice or tool that becomes widely accepted in a society. innovation culture shock ethnocentrism diffusion jetlag 3 points QUESTION 32 1. Society and culture _____. Could not exist without each other Are Related Are the same thing Could not exist together 3 points QUESTION 33 1. 1. Elise travels across Thailand with her friends and, to her surprise, finds the country quite unlike the United States. “I hate the food,” she tells her family at home. “I hate the language, I hate the weird customs and awful music. America is clearly the best place to be.” This is an example of _______. Paradigms Xenocenrism Moreal relativism Ethnocentrism 3 points QUESTION 34 1. Folkways rarely change. must be followed exactly. tend to change over time. are not sanctioned by society. are not accompanied by penalties for violations. 3 points QUESTION 35 1. 1. Which of the following is an example of a learned custom? Marrying for love Shoving and pushing on the metro Greeting an acquaintance with a handshake. All of the above 3 points QUESTION 36 1. What is a difference between a more and a folkway? Mores encourage social rebellion; folkways do not Mores are legally acceptable to violate; folkways are not Mores are constructed based on norms; folkways are not Mores may carry serious consequences if violated; folkways do not. 3 points QUESTION 37 1. Norms: are shared rules of conduct. prescribe limits of acceptable behavior. help provide predictability in social life. all of the above none of the above. 3 points QUESTION 38 1. The movement of cultural traits from one culture to another is called: cultural lag. culture shock. ethnocentrism. diffusion. jetlag. 3 points QUESTION 39 1. Which of the following is NOT an example of a formal norm within the United States? Driving on the right hand side of the road Crossing streets on the cross-walks Paying taxes Making eye contract while speaking 3 points QUESTION 40 1. The anxious reaction people may have when encountering cultural traditions different from their own is known as ethnocentrism. culture shock. cultural relativism. ethnomethodology. cultural newness. 3 points QUESTION 41 1. The difficulty people have adjusting to a new culture that differs markedly from their own. cultural lag. ethnocentrism natural revulsion. material culture. culture shock. 3 points QUESTION 42 1. Cultural relativism means that absolutes, such things as right or wrong, do not exist with regard to cultural practices. some cultures are clearly superior in relation to others. cultures must be studied on their own terms before being compared or judged. all cultures must be understood as consisting of many subcultures. cultures which are inferior can learn relatively little from superior cultures. 3 points QUESTION 43 1. In Kazahkistan*, bribing is frowned upon; however most professors supplement their salaries by exchanging grades for money. This behavior reflects a(n) *We are not in Kazahkistan, so dont even think to try this. folkway. ideal norm. real norm. parental right. inconsistent age-graded norms in a society. 3 points QUESTION 44 1. Symbols stand for things simply because: there is written law that mandates its meaning. religious practices are built around it. it represents a sound educational practice. people agree that they do. it makes common sense. 3 points QUESTION 45 1. 1. The term language can be defined as: Gestures, signs, objects, signals, and words that help people understand the world A symbolic system through which people communicate and through which culture is transmitted The exchange of gestures and signals for the purpose of reaching a consensus Communication grounded in ideals, norms, and values 3 points QUESTION 46 1. According to the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis, there is an interrelationship between human brain size and control over the environment. values and health. norms and ambitions. controls and culture lag. language and perceptions of the world. 3 points QUESTION 47 1. Folkways: are small, marginalized political groups to which people belong. are large societies that show regional variations in culture. vary from one culture to another. are almost always a component of material culture. all of these 3 points QUESTION 48 1. When immigrants encounter hostility because their manners are different, they are experiencing ethnocentrism. ethnomethodology. cultural relativity. culture shock. cultural evaluation. 3 points QUESTION 49 1. Many Americans pay for haircuts, trips to the dentist, or transportation on the metro and bus systems. These actions support the notion of capitalism, an example of _____. Non-material culture Material culture A cultural universal The counterculture 3 points QUESTION 50 1. Anything that represents something else and carries a particular meaning recognized by members of a culture. ethnocentrism symbol cultural relativism ideal norm folkway

Tutor Answer

TutorPassmore
School: UCLA

Thank you
Attached.

QUESTION 1

1. Which of the following perspectives is concerned, primarily, with the meaning that people
place on their own and one another's behavior?
Functionalism
Symbolic interactionism
Conflict theory
Middle-range theory
Ethnomethodology
3 points

QUESTION 2

1. According to _____, the task of the sociological imagination is to see the relationship
between individual experiences and larger social forces.
Harriet Martineau
Karl Marx
C. Wright Mills
Emile Durkheim
Auguste Comte
3 points

QUESTION 3

1. Which of the following sociological perspectives views society as a system of highly
interrelated structures or parts that operate together harmoniously?
conflict.
interactionism.
societalism.
functionalism.
none of the above.
3 points

QUESTION 4

1. The main focus or unit of analysis for sociologists is:
groups.
strange people.
individuals.
unusual occurrences.
events which other sciences cannot explain.
3 points

QUESTION 5

1. A sociological theory concerned with the issues of who benefits from particular social
arrangements and how the powerful maintain their positions is known as
conflict theory.
coercion theory.
functionalism.
symbolic interactionism.
concentric zone theory.
3 points

QUESTION 6

1. The sociological imagination asks us to
broaden our perspective beyond individual experiences.
narrow our perspective by looking only at particular events.
theorize without seeking actual evidence.
improve our society.
suspend judgment until all of the facts have been gathered.
3 points

QUESTION 7

1. Sociologically, the positive connection between hours of study and students test scores
demonstrates _____ preparing before taking examinations.
a finding about test taking ability, not the
random event unconnected to the
an example of the need for intervention for students who are unengaged in
a latent function of
a manifest function of
3 points

QUESTION 8
1.

C. Wright Mills used the term _____ to refer to the relationship between individual experiences and forces in
the larger society that shape our actions.
phenomenology
sociological imagination
social science
social dynamics
social conflict
3 points

QUESTION 9

1. The Functionalist perspective and _____ can be thought of as opposite sides of the same coin.
Social Darwinism
Social Interactionist
Conflict Theory
Social Work
Criminology
3 points

QUESTION 10

1. Untended and not readily recognized consequences of social processes.
Manifest functions
Latent functions
Misfunctions
Dysfunctions
Malfunctions
3 points

QUESTION 11

1. _____ theorists contend that social change is pushed forward by social conflict.
Functionalist
Conflict
Interactionist
Darwinist
None of these
3 points

QUESTION 12

1. Which sociological perspective is focused on how individuals make sense of or interpret
their social world?
Interactionist
Conflict
Functionalist
Societalist
All of these
3 points

QUESTION 13
1.

Mark, whose parents are wealthy, has been socialized to bel...

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Anonymous
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