Write: In your initial post of at least 550 words, using Practice 4.2 on pages 93-95 of your course text, complete the following:
- Describe each word-hypotheses stated in standard hypothesis format.
- Identify the dependent variable (DV), independent variable (IV), and level of measurement (LOM) for each word-hypotheses.
- Determine which of the six types of hypotheses (directional, no effect, directional, interactive, necessary, or sufficient) each word-hypotheses represents.
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Explanation & Answer
In the statement revolutions that are driven by mass movements in nations occur only
when national electoral fraud is realized in that particular. As such, it alludes that there are no
other factors that could lead to the mass movement-based revolutions. In this regard, national
electoral frauds such as blotted elections are necessary and sufficient factors that lead to
mass-movement-based revolutions such the Arab spring in that swept across the Arab
countries in some parts of Africa and the Middle East and the color revolution that developed
in the Balkans and some countries of the former Soviet Union. However, there are other
factors that could lead to mass movement based revolutions such as political fraud, overtaxation, and dictatorship as witnessed in some parts of Africa. The word-hypothesis can be
operationalized as follows; Mass movement-based revolutions are more likely caused by
national electoral frauds. This can be further standardized as; the presence of national...