Assignment 2: RA: Annotated Bibliography

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I ATTACHED CORRECTIONS FROM INSTRUCTOR AND PREVIOUS ASSIGNMENT TO WORK OFF OF. THANK YOU

Assignment 2: RA: Annotated Bibliography

The foundation of a research study comes from an understanding of the theory and from knowledge that is set forth by the literature in the field. Before a researcher can develop a sound and needed research design, he or she must first determine what is already known, how the topic has previously been studied, and where there are gaps in the knowledge and/or techniques that have been used to study the research problem.

In this module, you will further explore the research topic that you chose in M1 Assignment 2. Additionally, this will be the time to make any needed changes to your research question before you submit your proposal in M5 Assignment 2 RA 2. For this assignment, you will create a 3- to 4-page document following the directions given below.

Using the Argosy University online library resources and the Internet, locate 6 peer-reviewed articles that could be used for the literature review portion of the research proposal in M5 Assignment 2 RA 2. The articles should fall into the following categories:

  • 2 quantitative studies
  • 2 qualitative studies
  • 1 mixed-methods study
  • 1 theoretical or research design of your choice

For each article, cover the following points in 250–350 words:

  • The problem to be studied
  • The rationale for the study
  • The type of research that was conducted (qualitative, quantitative, or mixed-methods)
  • The data collection strategy
  • The data analysis tools that were used
  • A summary of the findings
  • A statement of how this article will support your proposed study

Present your work in a 3- to 5-page Microsoft Word document that follows the following format:

  • Reference the source in APA format.
  • Follow the reference with a single block paragraph of 250–350 words comprising your annotation (summary, evaluation, and reflection).
  • The whole block should be double-spaced and indented.
  • Repeat for the next article—don’t forget that your articles should be listed in alphabetical order just as you would on a standard APA reference page.

All written assignments and responses should follow APA rules for attributing sources.

Submission Details:

  • By the due date assigned, save your document as M3_A2_Lastname_Firstname.doc and submit it to the Submissions Area .

RA is worth 200 points and will be graded according to the following rubric.

Assignment ComponentProficient

Maximum Points

Select an article that meets specifications.

Selected a peer-reviewed article from a forensic psychology journal.

24

Identify the rationale, purpose, problem, need, and research question contained within the selected article.

Stated the key elements of the article including, rationale, purpose, problem need, and research question.

44

Discuss whether the authors stated the type of research that was conducted (qualitative or quantitative).

Correctly identified whether the research study employed a qualitative or quantitative approach.

28

Critique whether the authors supported the need for the study with appropriate literature.

Provided a substantive critique on whether the authors justified their research.

28

Use research terminology and language suitable for evaluating a scholarly article.

Included research terms in your writing and discussed them with familiarity and correct application.

28

Identify the strengths and weaknesses of the research investigation with respect to rationale, purpose, need, problem, and research question.Provided a discussion of the strong and weak parts of the article for the rationale, purpose, problem need, and research question.

28

Write in a clear, concise, and organized manner; demonstrate ethical scholarship in accurate representation and attribution of sources; and display accurate spelling, grammar, and punctuation.

Writing is generally clear and in an organized manner. It demonstrates ethical scholarship in accurate representation and attribution of sources; and generally displays accurate spelling, grammar, punctuation. Errors are few, isolated, and do not interfere with reader’s comprehension.

In-text citations and references are in proper APA style.

.

20

Total:

200

Evaluating Quantitative Design for a Research Study Evaluating Quantitative Design for a Research Study Kayla Kelley Argosy University June 21st 2018 1 Evaluating Quantitative Design for a Research Study 2 Both correlation and survey are quantitative research designs which deploy similar data collection approaches. However, the whole concept differs based on the purpose of the research and the sample population. Survey research design is a detailed interview that focuses on discussing a topic. That implies that information about the subject will be collected from research participants either via interviews or administering of questionnaires (Hoy & Adams, 2015). The questions are crucial in assessing the attitudes, opinion, belief, and emotions of research participants regarding the topic of study. Most surveys are deployed when researching human behaviors such as what are the primary causes of domestic violence. The significant difference between the both correlational and survey research designs arises from how the methods are applied while carrying out research. Correlational research design involves the study of two or more variables without bias or trying to influence them in any way. It investigates the probability of existing relationships between the two or more variables put into focus. After the study, the method then leads to a description of the connection and explains it further (Bryman, 2016). The research method can test three types of relationships namely positive correlation where an increase in one variable leads to an upsurge on the other. A negative relationship is where a rise in one variable results in a decrease in another. However, no correlation means that no relationship exists between two variables regardless of whether there is an increase or a decrease. Correlational research helps to evaluate whether there exists a correlation between two or more research variables. A typical example is determining the relationship between upbringing and a child’s behavior. In correlational research design, the technique focuses on comparing two variables to identify whether there is a relationship in any way while in the survey research method, the interview revolves around a selected topic. Information in correlational research design is first Evaluating Quantitative Design for a Research Study 3 collected then used to relate the two or more variables while in the second, data is first collected then used to derive conclusions. In forensic counseling, correlational research method applies to help explain different human behaviors or in the prediction of different outcomes that may result when counselors give a specific type of assistance (Balnaves & Caputi, 2001). Survey research method, on the other hand, helps in determining the characteristics of a large group of people to derive conclusions and derive the best means of counseling patients with a similar problem. A research goal is a statement of what a researcher intends to achieve or accomplish upon completion of a study. The primary motive and goal of this study are to determine what the impact of domestic violence on adolescents is and how this may affect them in their adult year. Adolescents who are raised in a background dominated by domestic violence have a high tendency of displaying the same traits when they mature. In a nutshell, they tend to be violent just like their guardians and parents. In the quest to understand the relationship between prevalence of domestic violence among adolescents and later incidences of domestic violence when they become adults, this study will be very resourceful. The choice of sampling technique has a considerable impact on the outcome and results of the study. The best-suited sampling technique for this particular research is stratified sampling because the target population must be divided into a couple of groups. There will be two different groups or strata in this study. The first group is made up of adolescents who are raised from a background that is dominated by domestic violence. The second group is made up of adolescents who are raised in a background with minimal or no domestic violence. Each of the two groups shares a common characteristic which in this case is the level of prevalence to domestic violence during their adolescent life. While the first group may serve as the primary Evaluating Quantitative Design for a Research Study 4 research group, the second group is a comparative group that helps to eliminate bias (Bryman, 2016). In general, adolescents represent a heterogeneous population, but the prevalence of domestic violence splits the group into two distinct homogenous samples. However, follow-up research should be conducted when these adolescents mature to determine their prevalence of domestic violence. The primary motive is to produce estimates or results with higher precision and accuracy. The most suitable research designs for use in this study are survey and correlational. Unlike other research designs, surveys are preferred because they offer easily accessible information at low cost. Surveys entail conducting a brief interview or discussion with a couple of individuals regarding a particular topic of study with the sole intention of collecting information (Balnaves & Caputi, 2001). The two principal methods used to gather data are either interviews or administering of questionnaires. In this study, the researcher will be engaging a group of adolescents and adults and data can be collected either through interviews or administering questionnaires. Correlational research, on the other hand, involves assessing the relationship between two variables to determine the statistical relationship. However, a researcher should be very cautious to avoid altering the two groups. The primary motive of correlational research is to determine the relationship between two variables which in this study are exposure to domestic violence at adolescent and being violent in adulthood. My hypothesis is that, if adolescents are raised in a background with domestic violence, then there is a higher probability that they will turn out to be violent when they become adults. Evaluating Quantitative Design for a Research Study References Balnaves, M., & Caputi, P. (2001). Introduction to quantitative research methods: An investigative approach. Sage. Bryman, A. (2016). Social research methods. Oxford university press. Hoy, W. K., & Adams, C. M. (2015). Quantitative research in education: A primer. Sage Publications. 5
GR3 Discuss what type of sampling could be used for this study.: If you goal is to determine a relationship between being subjected to domestic violence as an adolescent and later adult violence, I don't understand why you are sampling adolescents. It seems it would be more appropriate to sample adults who have been in trouble with the law for domestic violence and then question them on whether they were subjected to violence as an adolescent. Please give this some thought and make appropriate changes. GR4 Identify which types of research designs above (from Part I) would be most appropriate to use.: Keep in mind that correlations require that both of your variables be continuous, and I don't believe that either being subjected to domestic violence as an adolescent and domestic violence as an adult are continuous. It makes sense to look for a relationship between the two, but a different type of statistic would be needed. Your hypothesis would probably say that adolescents who are subjected to domestic violence are more likely to engage in domestic violence as adults than adolescents who were not subjected to domestic violence. So, you can predict a relationship here, but it doesn't use a Pearson Product Moment correlation to analyze the results (if one thing goes up, so does the other - it's not a 1 to 1 relationship). Review the statistical charts to examine what test might be best to analyze your results. GR5 State hypothesis for the outcome of proposed study.: Give this some thought for more specificity - see above comments. FP6030_M2A2_Grading_Rubric feedback: Good start with some minor adjustments recommended. GR3 Discuss what type of sampling could be used for this study.: If your goal is to determine a relationship between being subjected to domestic violence as an adolescent and later adult violence, I don't understand why you are sampling adolescents. It seems it would be more appropriate to sample adults who have been in trouble with the law for domestic violence and then question them on whether they were subjected to violence as an adolescent. Please give this some thought and make appropriate changes. GR4 Identify which types of research designs above (from Part I) would be most appropriate to use.: Keep in mind that correlations require that both of your variables be continuous, and I don't believe that either being subjected to domestic violence as an adolescent and domestic violence as an adult are continuous. It makes sense to look for a relationship between the two, but a different type of statistic would be needed. Your hypothesis would probably say that adolescents who are subjected to domestic violence are more likely to engage in domestic violence as adults than adolescents who were not subjected to domestic violence. So, you can predict a relationship here, but it doesn't use a Pearson Product Moment correlation to analyze the results (if one thing goes up, so does the other - it's not a 1 to 1 relationship). Review the statistical charts to examine what test might be best to analyze your results. GR5 State hypothesis for the outcome of proposed study.: Give this some thought for more specificity - see above comments.

Tutor Answer

CristinaP
School: New York University

Attached.

Running head: ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY

Annotated Bibliography
Student’s Name
Institutional Affiliation

1

ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY

2
Annotated Bibliography

Evans, S. E., Davies, C., & DiLillo, D. (2008). Exposure to domestic violence: A meta-analysis
of child and adolescent outcomes. Aggression and violent behavior, 13(2), 131-140.
The authors of this article set out to explore the impact of exposure to domestic violence on
children and adolescents. They conducted a meta-analysis of existing studies to determine the
relationship between exposure to domestic violence and other factors of psychological wellbeing such as trauma. The researchers intended to evaluate other factors such as internalizing and
externalizing symptoms. The authors gathered data and any additional insightful information
from 60 reviewed studies with the sole intention of determining the relationship between the
research variables. The article relied on the mixed-methods research design because the
researchers dealt with both qualitative and quantitative data. The article relied on data that had
already been collected by other researchers and scholars. The correlation test was used to analyze
the data they gathered to determine the d-value. The d-value was used to determine the
correlation coefficient between the variables of the study. The findings of the research showed
that there exists a correlation between a child’s exposure to domestic violence and childhood
trauma. The researchers also observed that the effect was more intense among boys as compared
to girls. However, factors such as age had no significant impact on the study. Upon noticing that
the results of their findings were not generalizable, the authors suggest that future research will
fill in the research gap. Additionally, they offer suggestions on how the issue of domestic
violence can be addressed. This research will help support the assertion that there exists a
correlation between exposure to domestic violence and a child’s behavior.

ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY

3

Holt, S., Buckley, H., & Whelan, S. (2008). The impact of exposure to domestic violence on
children and young people: A review of the literature. Child abuse & neglect, 32(8), 797810.
This article was meant to determine the impact of exposing children and young people to
domestic violence. The researchers assessed the effect based on four interrelated do...

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