Topic Proposal and Annotated Bibliography

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Question description

The Topic Proposal and Annotated Bibliography assignment documents your research process in preparation for the upcoming research essay. The two parts of this assignment--the Topic Proposal and Annotated Bibliography--can be submitted in one document; just label each section.

Topic Proposal

Start the assignment with 1-2 paragraphs that do the following:

  • Identify the research question you selected and offer an overview of the topic or the debate
  • Discuss how the question relates to our course theme
  • Give some context or background on this topic
  • Explain why you chose this topic and/or why it interests you

Tip: Use the Topic Overview/Starter information at the very top of the topic page on Opposing Viewpoints to help you with this section. Remember, though, don't just regurgitate the content or accidentally plagiarize the topic overview! Use signaling language and/or citations, even when you are paraphrasing. The topic proposal section should be approximately 1-2 paragraphs long.

Annotated Bibliography

Start each entry in the Annotated Bibliography with the full, accurately formatted MLA citation/bibliographic information for the source. You can find this at the end of most Opposing Viewpoints in Context articles, and or using the Citation Tools on the right hand menu in the database.

After the MLA entry, write a 1-2 paragraph annotation for the source, using the following format:

  • Write an Academic Summary of the source, using the What/How/Why format from class.
  • (Optional) assess the source, including its value or validity, the author's background, etc.
  • (Optional) reflect on how this source will help you respond to the question or what unique perspective, information or ideas it can offer that differs from other sources in your list.

The academic summary is required and should be author-focused, rather than a regurgitation of the content of the text. If you have a primary source or a text that does not make an argument, adapt the summary format to fit your source. Refer back to the instruction on Academic Summary from our earlier module if you need a refresher. The other parts (assessment and reflection) are optional in the annotation.

Guidelines for the Annotated Bibliography

  1. Repeat the citation and annotation combination for a total of 5 (FIVE) sources.
  2. Use at least TWO total "Featured Viewpoints" or "Viewpoints" articles
    • Include at least ONE article from an opposing or contradictory viewpoint (that offers an argument that disagrees with an argument from a different article). The whole database is structured in a point/counterpoint format, so this should not be difficult.
  3. Include at least ONE source relevant to your question from the Academic Journals category
  4. Include at least ONE source relevant to your question from the News, Audio or Magazines categories

Sample essay Topic Proposal and Annotated Bibliography Topic Proposal What does the case of Brock Turner and the reaction to his case reveal about norms and attitude about sexual assault? This issue of sexual assault on college campuses is related to monster culture because Brock Turner’s case has brought sexual assault issue to the public eye. It shows how the sexual assault problem has a big impact on students on college campuses. This case reveals norms and attitudes about sexual assault. As a society, we do not help victims, and instead, we help the perpetrators through both direct and indirect mechanisms. Particularly when the perpetrators are white and privileged, they get off easy, which is an extension of the notion of White Privilege, which is morally corrupt. As a college student, this topic intrigues me. I am afraid that this situation might happen to me or to any other woman on a college campus if it is not brought into public awareness. In my early research, I found articles that discuss how women use mainstream media to respond to rape cases. However, a drawback to this form of disclosure is that the police are unable to pay full attention to this kind of case. When sexual assault cases do hit mainstream media, they are often incorrectly represented as poor men of color committing crimes against white and middle class victims. Another body of research discusses how athletes are protected when it comes to rape cases due to their notoriety and reputation. Often, they are able to use money to pay their way out of their cases or at a minimum to a less serious sentence. In addition, this article highlights the lack of media coverage as a result of trying to protect the reputation of the college. As a result, individuals who often receive the most media attention are sensationalized cases which don't represent the true problem at hand. Annotated Bibliography: Sexual Assault Michallon, Clemence, Myriah Towner, and Ruth Styles. "Brock Turner Enjoys His Freedom: Stanford Rapist Released From Jail After Just Three Months is Pictured in His Backyard as ARMED Protesters Gather Outside His Home." Daily Mail Online. Associated Newspapers, 04 Sept. 2016. Web. 21 Mar. 3773761/Brock-Turner-enjoys-freedomStanford-rapist-pictured-backyard-armed- protesters-gather-outside-home.html Michallon, Towner, and Styles present the story of what happened to Brock Turner after he was released from jail after only three months. They discuss his probation and his sentence - he will be on the sex offender registry for life. The authors emphasize the protestors who were stationed outside his home and how that posed a threat to his neighborhood, and put pressures on his local police department. The authors clearly do not support Turner's behavior; they even describe him as a "convicted pervert" and question whether he got "special treatment" in jail. The authors are not in favor of Turner and show society's disapproval of his behavior. The source does not offer any evidence or data aside from the fact that Turner was in jail for only three months,, and is biased since it is clearly not in support of Turner. His short prison sentence and probation are described in detail. This will be useful for me. In terms of first-hand narratives, the article presents quotes from prison individuals who were in charge of Turner's care in jail. These quotes will be helpful in assessing my topic and supporting my argument. The prison guards assure that Turner was not given special treatment, but the authors are not convinced since his sentence was so short, which indicates that he received special treatment within the justice system. This article related to monster culture because Turner's case brought the issue of sexual assault to the forefront of cultural awareness. Powell, Anastasia. "Unpacking “Rape Culture” After Stanford and Beyond." Social Justice (2016): n. pag. Web. 4 Apr. 2017. . Powell argues that most victims of sexual violence keep silent, or underestimate their experiences and ignore their reality, so there are few cases of rape reported. The courts do not attach great importance to such cases, which is evidenced by Brock Turner who was imprisoned for only three months. The author relied on what happened in the Turner case to make her claim. The author wrote this article to make it clear that cases of rape and sexual violence are problematic. The fear that sexual violence poses to most girls and the attempt to eliminate cover-ups and attackers creates fear in women who do not know how their fate will be in the event of a sexual assault. Judges tried to acquit the defendants and ease their rulings which make these incidents seem like nothing serious occurred and that the victims were nothing more than nuisances. This relates to monster culture because the courts make the victims seem like "monsters" while in reality, it is the attackers who are monsters. Rentschler, Carrie A. "Rape Culture and the Feminist Politics of Social Media." Girlhood Studies 7.1 (2014): n. pag. Web. 5 Apr. 2017. Rentschler argues that women should stand against rape culture and identify themselves as victims though the mainstream media, the police, and others. She supports this argument through an analysis of how the norms of social media can support survivor empowerment and spread incident awareness. Rentschler wrote this article to analyze how social networks interact with rape cases, and how they portray the attacker and the victim. This article addresses my question about the expectations the women have to face when defending themselves from being sexually assaulted by strangers outside and inside the court. She argues that the persuasive culture creates an environment where women are blamed for their attack. This will help to support my argument of the way the media (including social) creates a stigma around women and rape. This relates to monster culture because the courts make the victims seem like "monsters" and makes them taboo so they have to live in secrecy instead of feeling safe to report the crimes. Serisier, Tanya. "Sex Crimes and the Media." Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology. 2017-01-25. Oxford University Press. Date of access 4 Apr. 2017, efore- 9780190264079-e-118 Serisier debates the media coverage of multiple rape cases in contemporary society. Serisier shows that in some cases, the brutal attackers and others with status in society like athletes, for example, are not subjected to interrogation or imprisonment for a long time. This is seen in the case of Brock Turner. Serisier supports the article through the issues that are still taking place in the community and based on the reality and facts covered by the media. The author highlights the lack of coverage provided in order to protect reputation of the campus. Serisir wrote this article to demonstrate the unfair treatment that victims receive while predators are not considered guilty for their crimes because of their special status. The source provides some studies that prove what happens in rape cases. The source explains what the media is doing to hide rape cases or make them disappear so that no one remembers or cares about them. In this case, if a rape occurs at a college, no one will be able to know it and thus this will preserve the status of the college as an elite and safe institution, and thus parents will be able to send their young people there for education. This rlates to monster culture because sexual assault is hidden and never talked about, but it is a prevalent issue and returns. Yoffe, Emily. "Column: College Women: Stop Getting Drunk." Valley News (West Lebanon, NH), 20 Oct. 2013, Columns. News Bank, Accessed 21 Mar. 2017. a12187eea59e Yoffe argues that women have to protect themselves from being raped while attending any event or drinking too much on college campuses. The author's argument is that women should be more thoroughly educated about alcohol consumption and limit their intake. The author considers the argument that women should be allowed to drink as much as men, but ultimately argues that because women are physically smaller, it is unsafe for them to drink as much as men. The author argues that women should drink less for their own protection, but still believes that it is men's role to control themselves and not be violent towards women. She argues that this is not victim- blaming, but rather protection from future violence. Rape is considered rape whether it is under the influence of alcohol or not. Women will be violated unless they can protect themselves from being exposed to this problem wherever they are. Through surveys, these cases have become increasingly noticeable because of the rise on college campuses, which has become the cause of many of the problems women face. The author argues that the legal drinking age of 21 encourages binge drinking because alcohol is forbidden for so long. In order to make it safer, the drinking age should be lowered so alcohol is less "risky." The author also cites many stories in which colleges did not address sexual assaults that were reported. Ultimately, her argument is one about safety. She argues that colleges need to become a safer place, and this means addressing binge drinking which leads to most sexual assault cases. The author used herself as an example to show people that women can drink but with full responsibility. Women who drink should control the amount of alcohol they consume and act rationally after drinking it. The author uses data and evidence to back up her claims. She quotes many psychologists and many studies about alcohol use in college. In addition, she quotes the colleges themselves about their alcohol consumption. She found that colleges boasted about their students' alcohol consumption such as students drinking in the early morning and throughout the day. Ultimately, her argument is that alcohol is far too common on college campuses, and the best way to prevent sexual violence is to limit alcohol consumption. This article relates to monster culture since alcohol exacerbates the taboo topic of sexual assault.

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Topic Proposal and Annotated Bibliography
Topic proposal
Based on the previously reported cases and statistics, should the Government legalize abortion?
If yes, under what conditions. If no, what point of reference should the government use?
The issue of abortion is one of the significant challenges that the country faces today.
Many scholars provide countering proposals and viewpoints with regards to the question of
abortion. Legalizing or criminalizing abortion today may come from a series of discussions with
the relevant stakeholders. The main point of the argument revolves around the evaluation of the
underlying issues of concern and the situations that may call for abortion. The various parties in
the community play diverse roles with regards to the question of abortion. Statistics evident that
a large number of people around the globe hold differing viewpoints with regards to either
criminalizing or legalizing abortion. The selection of such topic comes from the need to evaluate
the elements that may drive the government or the community to either support or abolish
abortion today. In the preliminary research completed earlier on, the scholars provided different
viewpoints which revolve around supporting and also opposing the legalization of abortion in the
community today. The government should consider the underl...

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