body research paragraph for Texas Farming paper

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Body of Research Paper

Follow the directions below for the completion of the body paragraphs draft assignment for Unit VI. If you have questions, please email your professor for assistance.

Purpose: The purpose of this assignment is to continue drafting your academic argumentative research paper.

Description: In this assignment, you will write three to four body paragraphs according to the form that is explained in "Lesson 3: The Body Paragraphs." The following requirements must be included in the assignment:

  • Body Paragraphs: You will construct three to four paragraphs comprised of five to seven sentences each. Each paragraph should be between 150-200 words. At a minimum, this portion of the paper should be around 450-600 words (for three to four paragraphs); a body section of this length will meet the minimum requirements of the assignment. The following components must be included in each body paragraph (in the following order).
    • Sentence 1: Point/reason sentence: This topic sentence will contain one of your reasons.
    • Sentence 2: Explanation: In this sentence, you provide information that further develops or explains Sentence 1.
    • Sentence 3: Illustration: This sentence introduces evidence that supports the reason that is presented in Sentence 1.
    • Sentence 4: Explanation of the illustration: Because the evidence does not necessarily stand on its own, you need to provide explanation so that the reader will understand how you interpreted the evidence to come to your reason.
    • Sentences 5-6: Second illustration and explanation (optional): You may choose to include a second piece of evidence that is then followed by an explanation.
    • Last Sentence: Transition: In this sentence, you will signal to the reader that you will be moving on to another point in the next paragraph. You do this to ease the movement from one point to another.
  • Be sure to include the introduction and literature review you have already created and revised.
  • Use APA conventions to cite and reference all sources used to support your argument.

Example: For an example of a body paragraph, please see the example in "Lesson 3: The Body Paragraphs."

In this assignment, you will write a minimum of three to four body paragraphs according to the form that is explained in “Lesson 3: The Body Paragraphs.”

At a minimum, this portion of the paper should be around 450-600 words (for three paragraphs); a body section of this length will meet the minimum requirements of the assignment, thus does not earn an A, unless the work is fully developed, and usually that would take more than the minimum verbiage. Also, please do not take the review of literature and rework it into the body. The body is an entirely separate portion placed after the review of literature. The study guide and syllabus are extremely helpful.


In constructing these paragraphs, please note the detailed guidelines of the syllabus/study guide as to what should be included. Understand that each paragraph requires these items in order to be deemed a well-constructed one.

Be sure to include the introduction and literature review you have already created and revised, as well as the cover page and reference page.

Running head: RESEARCHING SMALL-SCALE FARMING IN TEXAS Researching Small-Scale Farming In Texas Name Institution 1 RESEARCHING SMALL-SCALE FARMING IN TEXAS 2 Researching Small-Scale Farming In Texas Texas is the country’s breadbasket. That is a statement that holds true in the face of the fact that the average acreage of farms in the state lies at 538 acres per holding (Texas State Historical Association, 2018). These holdings are almost always based on people that know each other well (partnerships) or family businesses which work the farms directly; or indirectly through corporations. There is so much mechanization that it is now possible to run large-scale operations with minimal human labor. That is the result of technological innovations that focus on making the life of the typical Texan farmer easier. However, there is also a growing population of smallscale farmers in the state. These individuals often dabble in high-value crops or market niches that appreciate quality more than quantity. I think that small-scale farmers in Texas should enjoy more direct support from the government compared to the average large-scale farmers. That is because they do not possess the benefits of economies of scale. These farmers often have to compete against larger, more established farming businesses; most of which have already been in business for generations since Texas has a rich family-business tradition. These thoughts are what drive me towards researching on how to make small-scale farming more profitable in a predominantly large-scale environment. Small-scale farming is becoming gaining appeal compared to large-scale farms as the typical consumer grows choosier. Social media and other forms of ICT (Information and Communication Technology) give potential clients more information concerning products (Ribera, Hons & Richardson, 2004). Concerns such as traceability, ethics in farming, and RESEARCHING SMALL-SCALE FARMING IN TEXAS 3 quantifiable quality are things that are easier to guarantee on a small farm. These reasons make for adequate grounds for a study on the profitability of small-scale farming in the state of Texas. RESEARCHING SMALL-SCALE FARMING IN TEXAS References Ribera, L., Hons, F., & Richardson, J. (2004). An Economic Comparison between Conventional and No-Tillage Farming Systems in Burleson County, Texas. Agronomy Journal, 96(2), 415. doi: 10.2134/agronj2004.4150 Texas State Historical Association. (2018). The State of Texas Agriculture | Texas Almanac. Retrieved from https://texasalmanac.com/topics/agriculture/state-texas-agriculture 4
Running head: MODERNIZED FARMING 1 Modernized Farming: A Case for Improved Farming in Texas Jennifer Heid CSU MODERNIZED FARMING 2 Modernized Farming: A Case for Improved Farming in Texas The debate on the sustainability of agriculture in many arid areas of the United States has been advanced for years now. The supporters of farming in these areas have reiterated continuously that since agriculture is a central part of the U.S economy, it has been sustainable and will continue to be so in the future. On the other hand, opponents of the idea have generally argued that although farming is a tradition held by many Americans, the U.S might have to think of other economic activities in these regions owing to the changing conditions. In Texas, the implementation of better farming methods has led to the belief among proponents that farming remains highly stable and sustainable. For instance, Monson (2016) presents an example of urban agriculture growing in the area through the application of aquaponics. Furthermore, with increased pressure on farming, Texas feels more pressured due to water shortage, pests, and adverse weather conditions. The main argument surrounds the division on whether Texas farming will continue being sustainable with the current pressure or not. Proponents argue that although the population is growing and there is a lot of pressure, Texas has evolved to accommodate the same by adopting advanced technology. On the contrary, the adverse effects of the pressure and food insecurity are already evident. More advanced techniques such as aquaponics and better farming methods applied on Texas farms will adequately handle the challenges facing farmers such as the lack of adequate water and invasion by pests. The Literature Review In order to understand farming better in the context of Texas, it is necessary to have an overview of how farming occurs in the state. This literature review outlines the proponents’ argument and connects it with resources claiming the same. On the other hand, it also shows the main concerns connected to the topic and how various authors and experts have perceived them. MODERNIZED FARMING 3 The pro side argues that farming in Texas is sustainable and advanced while the con side argues that farming in the state is endangered and challenging. A Brief Overview of Texas Farming Texas has generally been a farming state with expansive lands, which were initially barren, but the Native Americans transformed them into farmland planting crops such as cotton and corn (Peoples Bank, 2017). The history of Texas farming has evolved from a land that was initially considered unproductive to one of the country’s major producers of agriculture. From the time Native Americans farmed on the land around the turn into the 20th century, farming in Texas has advanced from the extensive use of manpower to mechanization with the advancement of mechanization in the country. The Texas State Historical Association (n.d.) points out gradual changes have revolutionized agriculture in the state and outlined some of these changes: Farms have become fewer, larger, specialized, and much more expensive to own and operate, but are also far more productive. The number of small farms operated by parttime farmers is increasing. Land ownership is becoming more of a lifestyle used mostly for recreational purposes. A review of the advancement of agriculture in the area, therefore, presents a diversity of options, which have come with time and have changed how people do farming as well as the sustainability of the business. The Profitability of Farming through Modernization The benefits of agriculture in Texas are evident in several arguments despite the apparent pressure of population and the disasters that affect the state from time to time. Agriculture in Texas has changed from the many small farms to larger ones, which are easier to manage with the help of modern mechanization and farming techniques such as horticulture (McComb, 2014). MODERNIZED FARMING 4 This view supports the idea that despite the rising pressure on the agriculture of the region, the positive changes have ensured food security and increased the products from the state. Furthermore, Terry (n.d.) presents an analysis of how diversity has improved agriculture in the area making it more profitable and states that “increased yields with less input, obtaining better soil infiltration, applying less irrigation and reducing labor costs are some of the many benefits they will accomplish in their overall crop management.” The argument supporting the sustainability of farms in Texas makes a lot of sense and given the technology applied, one would be inclined to agree. However, the opposing argument also advances pressing issues on the pressure that farming in the state has faced over the years. The Piling Pressure on Agriculture The main argument against farming in Texas cites the increased pressure from different directions, which has made farming barely sustainable in the state. First, since Texas is historically an arid region, irrigation has been the main option for farming, and of late, farmers in Texas have been feeling the pressure to produce more food with less water available for them (Hawkes, 2013). The growing pressure makes it hard to feed the people of Texas while maintaining a high level of productivity and thus may be a discouraging trend. Elsewhere, farming is always affected by issues such as diseases and bad weather which compromises the economic value, and Texas has not been an exception. According to Hawkes (2016), Texans faced a great threat to their cotton plants from pests in 2016, an event that has been recurring in the recent past. Considering the effects of pests and harsh weather conditions as well as the shortage of water, there is the need to consider the threats to farming in the state. As much as farming in the state of Texas as advanced and adopted new technology in sustaining the income of some farmers, there is a considerable challenge on the practice in the MODERNIZED FARMING 5 state leading to high stakes for one aiming to invest in the business. The main argument supporting farming is that with the reduced number of farms and increased mechanization, it has been possible to sustain the food demands of the Texans in the past. On the other hand, serious challenges including pests, harsh weather conditions and calamities, and water shortage have considerably threatened the economic activity in the state. Although Texas faces daunting challenges from weather and pests regarding farming, it is evident that advanced technology and farming techniques have allowed farmers to profitably grow crops and sustain the demand in the state. MODERNIZED FARMING 6 References Hawkes, L. (2013, February 18). Texas ag water forum: The pressure of less water, more demand on agriculture. Southwest Farm Press. Retrieved from http://www.southwestfarmpress.com/management/texas-ag-water-forum-pressure-lesswater-more-demand-agriculture Hawkes, L. (2016, June 30). Pest pressure increases in South Texas cotton. Southwest Farm Press. http://www.southwestfarmpress.com/cotton/pest-pressure-increases-south-texascotton McComb, D. G. (2014). Texas, A Modern History: Revised Edition. University of Texas Press. Monson, B. (2016, October 24). Case study: The new urban farmers. National Geographic. Retrieved from https://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/urbanexpeditions/austin/sustainable-innovative-food-growth-feeds-cities/ Peoples Bank. (2017, March 21). The history of agriculture in West Texas. Retrieved from http://news.peoplesbanktexas.com/blog/history-of-agriculture-in-west-texas Terry, Q. (n.d.). Diversity for profit. National Resources Conservation Service. Retrieved from https://www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/nrcs/detail/tx/newsroom/features/?cid=nrcs144p2_ 003148 Texas State Historical Association. (n.d.). The state of Texas agriculture. Retrieved from https://texasalmanac.com/topics/agriculture/state-texas-agriculture

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