Business Finance
BCJ2001 Columbia Southern Unit 2 Crime Control Process Models Assessment


Columbia Southern University

Question Description




Is it really a question of rejection of one model over another? Imagine and thinking critically, what if it was up to the police to decide when to search your home without a warrant? Would you trust their judgement? The Due Process Model requires a search warrant reviewed by a judge. Can you see the contrast and the need for both models?

this is what was written and I have to answer the questions abouve from what was written:

The crime control and due process models are mainly involved in challenging crime and allow issuing of the right justice. Due process ensures individuals have their rights while crime control ensures that criminals are brought to justice for crimes they commit. Although these two models are models of the criminal justice system, there is a tension that is being experienced between crime control and due process. This is because of the debate on whether a balance can be attained between these two models at the same time. A balance cannot be achieved when the crime control and due process models are involved at the same time. This is because crime control model deals with ensuring that there is no violence, unrest and also condemns any person who is found to have committed a crime that is termed as criminal. However, it becomes difficult to bring an individual to justice because of the due process model. This is because criminal agencies still need to uphold the rights of an individual, even if they are being charged with committing a crime. Hence, rights such as the right to bail where the individual can be released from police custody tend to really affect the process of bringing the criminal to justice. This makes it difficult for a balance to exist between these two models. Secondly, a balance may not exist between these two models because due process usually tends to reject or discard the notions of the crime control model. The crime control model usually deals with understanding what occurred during a crime, so the perpetrator can be convicted but the due process tends to swing in the favor of the perpetrator stating that the victim of the crime may have given inaccurate data, and also policies such a search warrant is usually needed before criminal agencies are allowed to search the premises of a find evidence. Hence, occasions like this make it challenging for criminal agencies to bring perpetrators to book which shows why a balance cannot be achieved between crime control and due process models.


  • What have been some of the benefits of shared leadership in law enforcement? Outline some of the benefits and describe how this power-sharing arrangement can assist in making successful policing decisions, both administratively and in the field.

    Your response should be at least 200 words in length.


  • Discuss the role of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) in mitigating future terrorist attacks. Since 9/11, how has this agency placed a new focus on terrorism? Outline the organizational improvements that Director Robert Mueller enacted and briefly describe how they can assist in protecting the United States from future terrorist attacks.

    Your response should be at least 200 words in length.


  • Please match the terms on the left with the correct definition on the right.

Department of Justice

Span of control

Unity of command

Quasi-military organization

Chain of command


Shared leadership





Worldwide organization established for the development of cooperation among nations


Primary legal and prosecutorial arm of the U.S. government


Organizational model marked by hierarchy, promotion on professional merit and skill


Process of running an organization so that the organization can accomplish its goals


Power sharing arrangement; workplace influence is shared among individuals who are otherwise unequal


Number of officers or subordinates a superior can supervise effectively.


Concept that each individual in an organization is directly accountable to only one supervisor


Planning, organizing, directing, staffing, coordinating, reporting and budgeting


Organization similar to military structures with strict authority and reporting relations


One of the oldest Federal law enforcement agencies, created in 1836


Involves superior/subordinates or supervisor/worker relations; one individual is supervised by one immediate supervisor

Unformatted Attachment Preview

UNIT II STUDY GUIDE Organizing Security and the Police Department Course Learning Outcomes for Unit II Upon completion of this unit, students should be able to: 4. Examine the impact of policing evolution in the United States and patrol operations. 4.1 Discuss local, state, and federal law enforcement agencies within the United States. 4.2 Define the managerial concepts within a police department. 4.3 Discuss alternative organizations, models, and structures within a police department. Reading Assignment Chapter 2: Organizing Security in the United States Chapter 3: Organizing the Police Department Unit Lesson The United States has a number of local, state, and federal agencies that provide services to the community to ensure its safety. One of the major federal departments that provides these services is the Department of Justice. The Department of Justice has a primary goal to maintain public safety and to make certain justice is given to all Americans. An interesting article discusses the accomplishments of the United States Department of Justice (U.S. Department of Justice, 2009). From 2001-2009, the Department of Justice has made great strides to accomplish the goal of preventing and controlling crime (U.S. Department of Justice, 2009). One of the main goals of the department from 2001-2009 was to combat violent crime. An emphasis was placed on controlling gun crimes, disassembling gangs, disordering drug trafficking, and shielding children from human trafficking. There are many divisions that exist within the Department of Justice. One department that has made great strides within the community is the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF). This department was transferred to the Department of Justice from the Department of Treasury in 2003. ATF is committed to decreasing crime, particularly brutal and vicious types of crime. “ATF’s criminal investigation efforts focus on violent crime, domestic and international firearms traffickers, violent gangs, armed violent offenders, and career criminals” (U.S. Department of Justice, 2009, pg. 71). Some of the major successes include investigations of violent street gangs; the ATF has worked hard to eradicate violent gang members from neighborhoods. From 2003 through 2008, approximately 11% of the department’s cases involved defendants associated with gang related criminal behavior (U.S. Department of Justice, 2009). The Bureau has also placed a priority on explosives and detection canine teams. Over the years, the department has authenticated itself as the leading resource for expert explosives and canine units. “ATF is the only federal agency that offers advanced explosive detention canine training” (U.S. Department of Justice, 2009, pg.74). Some of the successes of this department, as it relates to explosives and canine detection, are improvements in canine training. This training was established to meet the current and future threats to the United States. “An example of ATF’s efforts to adapt its canine program to meet emerging threats can be found in the ongoing development of the Homicide Bomber Initiative, a program through which canine resources will be applied to address the potential treat from suicide bombers” (U.S. Department of Justice, 2009). Another division of the Department of Justice that has made great strides is the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). The DEA is an entity that has an extensive record in controlling drug trafficking. Due to the difficulty of controlling drug trafficking, it has become a continuous effort for the department. The DEA has BCJ 2001, Theory and Practices of Law Enforcement 1 established some efficient strategies to control drug trafficking. These strategies have provided some great UNIT x STUDY GUIDE successes in the area of drug control. President Bush in 2002 established a mission Title to decrease drug usage among youth. From 2001 and 2007, a survey was conducted that showed a 24% decrease in drug use in the youth (U.S. Department of Justice, 2009). Some of the statistics from this survey showed a 25% decrease in marijuana use in 2007 as compared to 2001 (U.S. Department of Justice, 2009). There was also a finding that there was a 64% decrease in the usage of methamphetamine (meth) in 2007 as compared to 2001 (U.S. Department of Justice, 2009). Steroid use by teenagers also decreased by one-third in 2007 as compared to 2001 (U.S. Department of Justice, 2009). The DEA has been able to establish trends of decrease due to the increase of education about the risk of drug use and abuse. The DEA has established a website and several hotlines in order to provide valuable information about the risk and dangers of illegal substances. These tools can be used to anonymously report drug activity. An example of this resource is the implementation of This website was developed to educate youth and parents on the risk of drug abuse. Another example of education and outreach established by the DEA is the launch of a toll-free hotline where the public can report illegal abuse and sale of pharmaceutical drugs. The DEA also continues to focus on the arrest of high-level drug traffickers. The DEA has confiscated a record amount of illegal drugs over the years. In November 2006, the DEA arrested the sheriff and 12 deputies in Henry County, VA for drug trafficking. In September 2007, the DEA organized Operation Raw Deal. The operation was the greatest steroid enforcement action in history at that time. In this operation, 56 labs were shut down, there were 124 arrests, and there was a seizure of 11.4 million dosage units of steroids. In December 2008, the DEA in New Jersey seized the largest amount of meth in the history of the state. In this seizure, the DEA confiscated 165 pounds of meth. All of these operations provide the DEA with the tools and resources to combat illegal drug trafficking. One last division of the U.S. Department of Justice that will be discussed is the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). The FBI is an integral division for the U.S. Department of Justice. The goal of the FBI is to provide protection for the United States and its entities. The FBI protects and defends against terrorist threats, enforces criminal law, and provides guidance and leadership to local, state, federal, and international criminal justice agencies. After the September 11 attacks, the FBI was responsible for the largest investigation in the history of the United States. Due to this massive investigation, about 200 FBI agents were transferred from criminal programs to national security matters. After 9/11, the FBI top three priorities included cyber security, counterterrorism, and counterintelligence. The Department of Justice has been able to make great strides and has had some great successes due to the tools and resources that they utilize. In September 2001, the FBI realigned 7,000 of its 11,000 special agents to the September 11 investigation. In March 2007, the FBI concluded a two-week initiative that involved local, state and federal enforcement. The initiative was designed to disrupt neighborhood gangs and the criminal activities of the gang members. From this initiative, 108 federal arrests and 47 state arrests were made. “The majority of these individuals were charged with conspiracy to distribute narcotics and various weapons violations” (U.S. Department of Justice, 2009, pg. 95). With these types of tools, resources, and initiatives, the FBI is able to complete its mission of protecting and defending the United States against acts of terror and in enforcement of criminal laws in the United States. To learn about how a police department is organized, please view the following interactive tutorial: Reference U.S. Department of Justice. (2009). The accomplishments of the U.S. Department of Justice 2001-2009. Retrieved from BCJ 2001, Theory and Practices of Law Enforcement 2 ...
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Final Answer

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Unit 2 Assignment
Thesis statement: These two models are, however, a reflection of how most things work in
our world.
1. Question One
a. The contrast and need for both due process and crime control models
2. Question Two
a. Benefits of shared leadership in law enforcement
3. Question Three
a. The role and duty of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
4. Question Four

Running head: UNIT 2 ASSESSMENT


BCJ 2001Class: Unit 2 Assessment
Institution Affiliation



Question 1
From the argument presented, it seems like the rejection of the due process for the crime
control model because it alleges that the due process model is a hindrance to serving justice and
punishing wrongdoers. In administering justice, it’s not really about rejecting one model over the
other but about finding a way to make the two work. It’s true that the due process and crime control
models are opposites in their modes of operation because the crime control model states that an
accused person is guilty until proven innocent, while the due process model sees them as innocent
until proven guilty through the judicial process.
These two models are, however, a reflection of how most things work in our world. The
negative and positive terminals allow us to enjoy electricity as long as we establish the conditions
necessary for them to work together. The police are important componen...

ProfJamesmiller (18862)
Boston College

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