BCJ2001 Columbia Southern Role of Police Discretion and Ethics PPT

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Columbia Southern University


Unit III PowerPoint Presentation

For this assignment, you will be asked to put yourself in the role of trainer for your police department. You have been asked to provide a PowerPoint presentation to new employees in which you discuss the role of police, police discretion, and ethics. Seeing that these employees are new to your department, you want to be sure to convey clear and concise information at the initial orientation for employment.

In order to prepare for this assignment, you will need to review Chapter 5, “The Police Role and Police Discretion,” and Chapter 8, “Police Ethics and Police Deviance,” in your textbook. For this assignment, you will prepare a three-part PowerPoint presentation. The assignment requires a minimum of 10 slides, not including a title slide and reference slide. You must reference a minimum of one additional source in addition to the textbook.

Part I consists of a discussion about the role of police in society. The assignment requires the discussion of the role of police and the two major views of policing. Also in this section, be sure to discuss the goals that should be addressed through policing and the methods used to achieve these goals through police duties.

Part II consists of a discussion of police discretion, which is a major challenge that U.S. police face in today’s society. You will need to discuss what police discretion is, how police discretion is exercised, and why this discretion is exercised.

Part III consists of defining and describing ethics as they relate to policing.

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UNIT III STUDY GUIDE The Role of Police and Police Ethics Course Learning Outcomes for Unit III Upon completion of this unit, students should be able to: 5. Discuss the contemporary issues that affect law enforcement agencies. 5.1 Outline the goals of policing and the methods of achieving them through police duties. 5.2 Interpret how police use discretion in their decision-making actions. 5.3 Summarize the role of ethics in police departments. Reading Assignment Chapter 5: The Police Role and Police Discretion Chapter 8: Police Ethics and Police Deviance Unit Lesson Two of the most imperative matters in policing are the role of police and the employment of police discretion. The prime purpose and objective of policing is to uphold order within the community and guard the lives and property within the community. Within the primary goals of policing, there are secondary goals. Examples of these goals are preventing crime, imposing regulations, and arresting individuals who break the law. There are a variety of operational styles that individual police officers may implement as they perform their job responsibilities. These operational styles include those of Siegel and Senna, Broderick, and Wilson. Siegel and Senna’s operational style involves the officers displaying characteristics of crime fighters, social agents, law enforcers, and watchmen. Broderick’s operational style involves the characteristics of being an enforcer, idealist, realist, and optimist. Wilson’s operational style has three different styles: watchman style, legalistic style, and service style (Dempsey & Forst, 2013). Another important matter in policing is police discretion. Police discretion is a key challenge that the U.S. police face in today’s society. “The criminal justice system involves a tremendous amount of discretion” (Dempsey & Forst, 2013, p. 73). Numerous elements impact an officer’s discretion and when discretion is needed. Police use of force is an important element of police discretion. Citizen-involved shootings by police has become a major problem facing police officials. Another issue that transpires within police departments is police corruption. Police corruption can be summarized as official misuse of position and authority or abuse of power. Police corruption can be defined as any violation of rules among police personnel and staff. There are many forms of corruption including disclosing information about police operations to individuals not privileged to that information, making fictitious reports, stealing drugs and seized property, and committing perjury. Police corruption also can occur outside of police work and investigation but within the personnel organization, such as in corruption of promotions and assignments. In order to combat police corruption and misconduct, police reform must occur. One strategy that can be enforced to address police corruption is to enlist participation from top management. In order for change to be effective, reform must begin at the top. Top leaders must provide a visible example to all staff. If this does not occur, management must communicate all expectations and provide reinforcement to staff as they relate to police misconduct. Top management should not dismiss unethical behaviors and corruption because of a few BCJ 2001, Theory and Practices of Law Enforcement 1 “bad apples” that exist within the organization. In addition, top management must also discipline staff UNIT x STUDY GUIDE accordingly and appropriately based on the severity of the offense. Title Another method that can be utilized to effectively reduce police misconduct and corruption is to encourage law enforcement officials to think tactically. Police officials should adopt the notion of the routine activities theory. This theory suggests that officers think tactically by making decisions based on ethics. Officers should analyze all behaviors to determine if they can be considered immoral or unethical. Policies and regulations should be posted so that officers can be vigilantly aware of possible unethical practices. An article released by the Wall Street Journal in July, 2015 states that the cost of police misconduct cases has skyrocketed in the United States (Elinson & Frosch, 2015). In 2014, the 10 largest U.S. police departments paid out 248.7 million in settlement and court judgment costs for police misconduct cases (Elinson & Frosch, 2015). This is an increase of 48% compared to the 168.3 million that was spent in 2101 for police misconduct cases (Elinson & Frosch, 2015). Research shows that police misconduct cases have become even more expensive to resolve. “The numbers are staggering and they have huge consequences for tax payers,” says Kami Chavis Simmons, a former assistant U.S. attorney (Elinson & Frosch, 2015, p. 1). In order to decrease these costs and the number of police misconduct cases that are occurring, localities must begin to look at police organization and begin to develop reforms that can help eliminate the possibility of some of these civil suits. Also, many cities are providing funds for individuals who were wrongfully imprisoned years ago because of police misconduct. For example, in Chicago, cases are being resolved due to allegations that detectives tortured suspects, resulting in coerced confessions during the period from 1970 to the early 1990s. These cases have resulted in the city of Chicago having to pay out more than $60 million to the victims (Elinson & Frosch, 2015). To view an interactive lesson regarding police accountability, please click the following link: http://www.pearsoncustom.com/mct-enterprise/asset.php?isbn=1256689785&id=14720 An important tool that can assist police in their duties and help them maintain their ethics is the implementation and administration of initial and ongoing training. Due to different perspectives in policing, it is important to determine the quality and efficiency of policing. It is vital that all police departments enhance their totality of policing services. The media plays a massive role in the perception of policing. These perceptions are formed from both electronic and print media reporting. Research has showed that the majority of citizens do not come into contact with police officers; therefore, their perceptions may be skewed from the reality of police and their duties (Martinelli & Schafer, 2011). However, there are problems that do exist within policing such as police force, misconduct, and racial profiling. Officers in today’s society face a wide variety of challenges including frequently changing laws due to cultural differences within the community. These challenges suggest that police agencies should establish some form of standards for training and education. Due to the complexities of law enforcement, there is a higher level of knowledge, education, and training that is needed. Research shows that “to be effective in an ever-changing world, training must continue throughout an officer’s career” (U.S. Department of Justice, 2015, p. 52). A report by the president’s task force, entitled the “Final Report of The President’s Task Force on 21st Century Force,” has provided a variety of recommendations to assist law enforcement agencies to better serve their communities as it relates to education and training (U.S. Department of Justice, 2015). One of the recommendations is that law enforcement agencies mandate leadership training for all personnel throughout their career. This should be accomplished by forming a standard program for all levels of leadership including executive staff, middle management, and first line staff. These trainings can include topics such as mentoring, community policing, policy and procedures, and communicating with the media and the public. A method to implement these trainings within leadership would include requiring continuing and ongoing training and education for all leadership positions and promotional advances. Another recommendation is for the U.S. Department of Justice to foster and implement collaborations with higher education institutions by providing a program of study that will assist law enforcement agencies in the 21st century. These courses can focus on real-life scenarios and challenges that law enforcement face in BCJ 2001, Theory and Practices of Law Enforcement 2 today’s society and on problems that may exist in the future of policing. Teaching these real-world skills will UNIT x STUDY GUIDE provide up-to-date information for refining policing services, especially with rapid changes that occur in Title policing and laws. Another recommendation that was presented is the implementation of Crisis Intervention Training (CIT). It is suggested that CIT should be a mandatory requirement for the recruitment process along with ongoing service training. In 1998, CIT was developed in Memphis, Tennessee. Since the development of this training, studies have revealed that CIT has improved the ability of law enforcement officers to identify metal health symptoms and has improved the self-assurance in officers who address these circumstances. As a result, there has been a decrease in officers’ inaccurate beliefs about mental illness (U.S. Department of Justice, 2015). An important element of CIT as it relates to metal illness is the empathy training component. One last recommendation from this report is the suggestion of a requirement of recruitment and ongoing training on policing in a democratic society. Due to the amount of authority that police officers are granted, it is vital that police officers obtain training on the statutory basis of and the proper use of power and authority. There should be a precise concentration on Terry stops (stop and frisk) to ensure they are being performed within constitutional regulations (Dempsey & Forst, 2013). To learn more about what it takes to become a police officer and the ongoing training that police officers must go through, please view the following interactive lesson: http://www.pearsoncustom.com/mct-enterprise/asset.php?isbn=1256689785&id=16365 References Dempsey, J. S., & Forst, L. S. (2013). Police (2nd ed.). Clifton Park, NY: Delmar. Elinson, Z., & Frosch, D. (2015, July 15). Cost of police-misconduct cases soars in big U.S. cities. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved from http://www.wsj.com/articles/cost-of-police-misconduct-cases-soars-inbig-u-s-cities-1437013834 Martinelli, T. J., & Schafer, J. A. (2011, January). Updating ethics training-policing privacy series: Taking race out of the perception equation. Police Chief Magazine. Retrieved from http://www.policechiefmagazine.org/magazine/index.cfm?fuseaction=display_arch&article_id=2289&i ssue_id=12011 U.S. Department of Justice. (2015). Final report of The President's Task Force on 21st century policing. Retrieved from http://cops.usdoj.gov BCJ 2001, Theory and Practices of Law Enforcement 3
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The role, discretion and ethics
of police

The role of police in the society

Sustain order in the community.

Safeguard the lives of people and protect the communities
property (Peak 2014).

Preventing crime.

Imposing regulations.

Arresting law breakers.

Goals of policing

Goals of policing are set to maintain peace and order and help ensure that
people abide the law and keep communities safe.

Their objectives are to maintain a healthy and safe community.

Protecting the innocent against getting deceive.

Living by the constitutional right to liberty and practicing it through law.

To create a feeling of security and provide the physical help where needed.

Methods used to reach police
There are different varieties of operational skills used by the police to
eradicate crime and keep people secure;

The Siege operation style

Broderick style


Awesome! Perfect study aid.


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