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Length: 2,000 to 2,500 words (about 8 to 10 double-spaced pages) Sources : 10+ Instructions Write an essay answering one of the following questions. 1. What has been the relationship between the neo-liberal re-organization of the Keynesian welfare state and the increasingly prominent role of the voluntary sector in Canada? To what extent has this re-organization been positive or negative for the voluntary sector? of this assignment is not to definitively answer your chosen question once and for all. Rather you should approach the assignment as an exercise to improve your analytical, research, and writing skills. Your thesis statement should indicate a clear and concrete position, even if you are aware of arguments that might contradict it. For example, if you decide to answer question 2, your thesis statement should read something to the effect of “IT does not represent a valid solution for reducing Canada’s growing democratic deficit for the following reasons. . . .” Try to avoid formulating a thesis that attempts to reconcile contradictory viewpoints. For example, with respect to question 2, again, you should avoid formulating a thesis such as “IT is both a valid solution and a contributing factor to Canada’s democratic deficit for the following reasons. . . .” The world is indeed a complex and contradictory place, but keep in mind that the purpose of this assignment is to take a position and defend it, not to solve the world’s problems. Although the essay questions above all make reference to central themes examined in Units 5 to 10, you should nonetheless draw on concepts that are examined in Units 1 to 4. Note that all of the essay questions are premised on concepts examined in depth in Units 1 to 4, such as governance, neo-liberalism, Keynesianism, and globalization. Discussing and using these concepts in your essay will serve to better frame and enrich your arguments. Essay Format Your essay is expected to be formatted according to classical essay format. Therefore, your essay should include 1. an interesting title 2. an introduction with a clear thesis statement 3. a body that advances your central argument and that validates your thesis statement using compelling evidence 4. a conclusion that sums up the essay’s different arguments 5. a bibliography (or a works consulted or references list) With respect to your introduction, try to structure it as an inverted triangle. Specifically, begin by introducing your topic in a general way and then progressively narrow it down to your thesis statement, which is the essence of your essay. The body of the essay should confirm your thesis in different ways. When you are writing the body of your essay, you should always be asking yourself, How does this relate to my thesis? Is what I am writing essential for advancing my thesis? You will discuss your thesis in the context of the literature that has already been written on the subject, then narrow your focus to the specific topic at hand (the particular example you will provide to illustrate your point), and conclude your essay by returning to the “big picture” by showing how your particular example contributes to the general knowledge on the subject. Your conclusion should include a confirmation of the validity of your thesis statement as well as a reiteration of the main evidence used to confirm it. Try to avoid an open ending to your essay. Do not introduce new ideas in your conclusion—this is the wrapup of your essay. Lastly, keep in mind that an essay is not an essay without a bibliography. The research done as part of the essay writing process is what differentiates it from a simple opinion piece and in addition to being a basic requirement of academic essay writing, your bibliography represents a confirmation of the quality of your research. ...
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School: Cornell University



Neo-Liberalism Structuring: Canada’s Voluntary Sector
Institutional Affiliation



The period between the 1980’s and the 1990’s saw most governments go through a
radical change in terms of their structure of governance. They transformed their governance
structure from their usual Keynesian welfare state to neoliberalism state. The Keynesian welfare
system was a system of cooperation and was based more on mutual trust and close integration.
According to the Economic Council of Canada, what made the Canadian government consider
restructuring its governance structure was because Keynesian welfarism had made its debt
increase considerably and its income was very low (Baines, 2016). On the other hand, as a new
philosophy, Neo-liberalism held much hope and promise of salvaging the country from the
situation. This was because it was based around the principles of individualism, market security,
minimal government interference, freedom of choice and laissez-faire. These aspects are
complete opposite of the Keynesian welfarism which sought to gain full employment and an
extensive welfare state and is exactly what led the country to the predicament. According to the
neoliberals, a free market with minimum interference by the government is what they considered
would provide a socially optimal allocation of resources. They also advocated for deregulation,
cut in taxation and public expenditure and privatization of the public service as way of
promoting competition by removing the inefficiencies. The new models of neo-liberalism which
they opted to consider had significant impacts on most if not all the sectors in the country. The
non-profit and voluntary sector, which are organizations tasked with providing essential
programs and services e.g., Environment, faith, culture, social justice, arts, and sports to the
citizens, was one of the sectors affected. Neo-liberal restructuring of the Keynesian welfare state
was not worth it as it caused more harm than good in the voluntary and non-profit sector.



The reorganization from the Keynesian welfare state to Neo- liberalism caused
organizational interruptions in non-profit centers as their funds from the government were
greatly slashed and was the first disadvantage. A number of local groups in Canada complained
and showed their displeasure because of the less government assistance after the restructuring
(Bryan et al., 2005). The City of Toronto's Community and Neighborhood Services, the
Community Social Planning Council of Toronto and Toronto Neighborhood center are some of
the government funded volunteer and non- profit organization that have registered and
complained due to the decrease in fund received after the restructuring of the Keynesian welfare
system in Toronto and Ontario which are provinces found in Canada.
Non-profit organizations termed the restructuring from the Keynesian welfare state to
neoliberalism as a move by the government and the neo-liberals to disempower the Canadian
citizens and dismantle the state and it is the second negative impact. Most of the non-profit
organization had come to term the f...

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