7 pages + Title page + Abstract page + and the References page ( total 10 pages) APA style

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You will design a small country that fosters the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people.

  • The correct approach or mode is expository, though you will use argumentation to present your evidence.
  • Your APA-style research essay will begin with a Title Page and end with References.
  • I provide a sample of APA formatting. Download and use it. It is the example against which your paper will be graded. You may use it as a template. Note that it includes additional info that your final papers will need, such as an abstract.
  • As usual for APA essays in our class, use Times New Roman font, size 12. Standard 1" margins. Double-spaced. Page numbers inserted in upper-right corner. Running head capitalized in upper-left corner; the running head is an abbreviated version of your title.
  • You must also create (not copy/paste) an original graph as a visual aid in your essay. In Word: Insert > Chart.
  • Use at least five sources; three should come from Online Library.

ESSAY TOPIC: Design a small country that fosters the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people.

  • To do so, you'll create policies and rationalize them using evidence from your research.
  • You'll need to define clearly your terms (happiness, greatest number, etc.).
  • Organization: Your essay will have an introduction paragraph, several body paragraphs, and a conclusion paragraph--a beginning, middle, and end.
  • Total length (including title page, abstract, your content, and the References page) = 10 pages.
  • Each body paragraph must include at least one source from research.
  • Your body paragraphs will zoom in on five or more national interests. Examples include: class, race, ideologies (belief systems, religions, and so on), urban design, architecture, transportation, renewable resources, leadership / system of government, arts (painting, literature, music, film), military, cuisine, physical / mental health of citizens, entertainment, invented history, scientific innovation / research, technology, health care, family structure, economic policies, business practices, imports / exports, geographic location, topography, natural habitat.... and any others you can think of.
  • To reiterate: You are creating a country. Although a research paper, this is also a form of creative writing. Pick five or more national interests on which to focus. Support your proposed policies with concrete evidence from EBSCO articles and other online research.


Rubric: My Ideal Society
Format: cover page, abstract, references, margins, spacing, font, header ( 3 points )

Organization: intro, body, conclusion; topic sentences, transitions ( 4 points )

Mechanics: grammar, punctuation, syntax, spelling ( 5 points )

Argumentation: integration of sources, graph, detail, depth of thought, fluidness ( 8 points )

TOTAL (20 points)

PINTER AND TARANTINO 1 This style guide shows how I wish you to format your final research project in APA style. Page number appears in upper right corner; running head, the shortened title in capital letters, appears in upper left corners. To create this, click on Insert > Page Number > Top of Page > Plain Number 3. Then beside the page number type your running header—an abbreviation of your title—in caps. Then press the “tab” button to move your abbreviated title over to the left corner. Everything is Times New Roman, size 12, 1” margins. You may use my APA guide here as a template for your research essay. This guide is five pages long, starting with this page 0, so be sure to read to the end. -sphd Harold Pinter’s Influence on Quentin Tarantino [your title, centered] [your name] Uma Thurman Coastline Community College English 100 Prof. Davis [whatever the date is] August 13, 2016 PINTER AND TARANTINO 2 Abstract [centered] An abstract is a summary of the key points of your research, written as a single paragraph. Don’t indent the abstract. OWL (http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/) suggests the following: Your abstract should contain at least your research topic, research questions, participants, methods, results, data analysis, and conclusions. You may also include possible implications of your research and future work you see connected with your findings. Your abstract should be a single paragraph double-spaced. Your abstract should be between 150 and 250 words. You may also want to list keywords from your paper in your abstract. To do this, indent as you would if you were starting a new paragraph, type Keywords: (italicized), and then list your keywords. Listing your keywords will help researchers find your work in databases. Keywords: Reservoir Dogs, Dumb Waiter, Samuel Jackson, Kahuna Burger PINTER AND TARANTINO 3 Harold Pinter’s Influence on Quentin Tarantino [type your full title here, centered] Begin your introduction! Indent the first line of a new paragraph as usual. Open with a snappy “hook” or “lead” that catches the reader’s attention. Briefly give the background of the assignment and your research methods and sources. Close with a Thesis Sentence stating what your research project does / shows / demonstrates / reveals. You may use “I” sparingly in this research project. These sample paragraphs are 1.15-spaced, by the way; yours should be double-spaced. You’ll write body paragraphs. Each should open with a transition connecting the previous paragraph to the new paragraph. A topic sentence stating the main idea of the paragraph should then follow, or can be combined with the transition. Which is smoother? Read aloud to find out. After quoting, write the source in parenthesis (Last Name, year of publication, page #). Remember, this is APA style. Remember that you are both creating an imaginary country AND arguing for policies using evidence you found from research. A minimum of five sources is required. You should also cover five different aspects (governance, arts, family units, etc.) of your country. Your paper length, including cover page, abstract, and references (which add up to three pages), is a minimum of ten pages. Conclusions are never hard, but they can be tricky. To conclude with a sense of closure (the door is locked, your word is absolute), you’ll first synthesize (NOT summarize) your essay’s arguments, meaning you’ll show how it all fits together. To add style to your conclusion paragraph: 1. Link the last paragraph back to the first paragraph by referring back to a person, symbol, or description introduced in the first paragraph. This is called “bookending.” 2. Answer a Q posed in the first paragraph. This is called “echoing.” 3. Use a simple, definitive final sentence. 4. Close with a rhetorical technique such as chiasmus (see hand-out from first week). 5. Give a relevant anecdote. To leave your conclusion paragraph more open ended: 1. Insert a quotation that amplifies or expands your essay’s purview; 2. Put your essay in a larger context; 3. Consider the short/long term implications of your essay; 4. Pose a Q or challenge to the reader; 5. Add an ironic or surprising observation (use this cautiously; don’t sound flippant); 6. End with a “clever” remark; 7. Give your hope or recommendation; PINTER AND TARANTINO 4 8. Criticize or praise something/someone (use cautiously). Do NOT simply summarize your essay, a basic conclusion strategy that you’ve outgrown by now. Scroll down to see References… PINTER AND TARANTINO 5 References [centered] [Your sources will be alphabetical by last name. Write “Retrieved from” when using an online source or database. Below is a sample. Remember the minimum number of sources is five, with three coming from EBSCO. -sphd] Lally, R. (1997, October 6). Ultraviolence in play and movies. (Electronic Version.) The L.A. Times, p. B3. Retrieved May 10, 2016 from the EBSCOhost database.
NEW SOCIETY 1 The New Society [full title] K. V. [student’s name] Coastline Community College English 100 Professor Davis May 6, 2016 NEW SOCIETY 2 Abstract Human civilization has hit a critical point and has finally woken up: life on Earth is in grave danger. Thus, a collective human consciousness arises and sweeps across the world, forming a New Society. People have concluded that for things to continue major changes have to come, and they have to come now. After eliminating money, borders, and religion, people then begin focusing on maintaining life on earth and achieving happiness through the unification of our species. Switching to a plant-based diet, adopting alternative sources of energy worldwide, and teaching diversity and art, humans become happy and content with life. The basic human necessities are available to all, and money is eradicated. Humans are humbled, united in harmony with each other and all other life on earth. Keywords: Utopia, Solar Energy, Religion, Veganism, Meditation, Space, Happiness NEW SOCIETY 3 The New Society How will the end of the world come? Will it be a meteor crash? Will it be an ice age brought on by climate change? A runaway greenhouse effect like Venus’s? Will it be a nuclear arms exchange? Or will it just come from the expansion of our sun once the hydrogen is depleted in its core? For the final scenario we have roughly five billion more years to figure out what to do before the supernova naturally occurs. For most of the other possibilities, it seems that we humans have at least some control over whether they become a reality or not. This essay will use an imaginary scenario (perhaps not too unlike our own current one) where humans have realized that they've been doing many things wrong for a long time and that huge changes are now a necessity. These necessities will describe my utopian country. But how would one utopian country exist? What good is it to live in a utopian country when another country bordering the utopian country decides it wants to take it over? If happiness is defined as the emotion of joy that a person experiences in life, then initially this must be based on the premise that that person must be alive in the first place. So in order to achieve the greatest happiness for the most humans, there needs to be a single focused and collective consciousness. This would not be a country, then, but will be referred to as the world's New Society, where happiness stems from just being alive, experiencing the gift of life, and understanding the role of maintaining our ecology. So what's the first major change? A good place to start is money, and those who don't believe the phrase “money is the root of all evil” are duped. Money is what operates most of the world, so to rid of it would be a huge improvement in almost everything that humans know. But it's a must for many reasons. Money is a man-made concept that was designed to provide those that have it with the ability to exchange it for other goods. This immediately shows that those NEW SOCIETY 4 who do not have it are not able to exchange it for their wants or, more importantly, their needs. Millions upon millions of people have starved because they weren't able to exchange money for food. Many weren't able to pay for shelter to house them from the cold and sickness. Many still cannot get the proper medical help they need because they can't afford it. These are basic human necessities, and the fact that we instill restrictions on those who don't have money means we are willingly causing suffering. The desire (and need) to possess money for survival in the old world leads people to various crimes. In his Utopia, Thomas More wrote, “For obviously the end of money means the end of all those types of criminal behavior which daily punishments are powerless to check: fraud, theft, burglary, brawls, riots, disputes, rebellion, murder, treason, and black magic” (Barnet, 2014, p. 692). Humans aren't able to get the education they would like from not having it. It's the cause for negative actions such as lying and cheating. Marriages end because of it. People die from heart attacks and strokes because of anxiety and stress that's related to the lack of it. Many wars in history have been fought over money. Certain geographic locations have goods that others do not have, and the ability of a country to possess those goods allows them to exchange it for money. Once the collective consciousness of the world society is realized, it throws the idea of money away and through the collective goodness and efforts of the people everyone is able to have whatever they need in exchange for doing the work of their choice. An alternative to the money system is still to be fully developed, but it's just important to realize that money must go in order for true happiness to thrive. Closely related to money is the idea of borders. As mentioned earlier, there can't be one utopian country amongst others who disagree because inevitably humans will fight to have a larger area on which to force their beliefs and customs and exploit the land and resources. The only solution would be to have one world society. Currently in the world, “large numbers of NEW SOCIETY 5 people wish to move permanently to another country – more than 40% of adults in the poorest quarter of nations. But most of them are either ineligible for any form of legal movement or face waiting lists of a decade or more. Those giant walls are a human creation” (Clemens, 2011, p. 3). In the New Society, all humans treat each other with respect and there are no issues of people working “illegally” in an area that they happened to not be born in. People can travel freely and choose where they want to reside pending there is sufficient space for them. This also doesn't mean that cultures will go away, just the opposite. Different regions can keep and maintain their traditions and since everyone's part of the same world, all of the cultures will be taught and shared with everyone else. All humans can pick and choose if they want to practice any part of another culture that is appealing to them. There is also no further need for armies, wars, and certainly nuclear weapons. The society all at once realized how foolish they were to have possessed such destruction at their fingertips; the ability to end it all for everyone – 4.5 billion years of life destroyed - because of disagreements from within manmade boundaries that only divided us on our one and only planet. The next huge change would come to one of the greatest setbacks of humans: organized religions. The comprehension of life, the enigma of an origin, and the mystery and uncertainty of death are scary concepts, and for all of recorded history there have been attempts by humans to explain the unexplainable. Rather than being open minded and using the collective wit of humanity to debate and experiment possible solutions to these questions, it fell on organized religions to create easy answers where people no longer had to think. It's completely understandable in that it gave people a sense of relief where they were provided simple explanations based on faith. But what is clearly evident, but mostly everyone fails to admit, is that no one has a definite answer. No one was there for creation. No one can prove with NEW SOCIETY 6 evidence a recollection of a prior existence (the re-use of the same consciousness). And certainly no one has returned back to life after a period of being dead to tell the living what happens. So how is it that the majority of the world currently believes in their religion giving them the definitive answers to these questions? Basing your entire existence on an uncertainty cannot be condoned in the New Society. This is not to say that people can't have their own ideas and thoughts about what could be, but no one follows a specific set of guidelines provided to them conveniently packaged in a book or scripture. Religion has been the root of millions of deaths. Wars were and are still fought over “holy land” or when one religion claims with certainty that it is correct and all others aren't. People believe so strongly that their religion is correct that they are willing to strap a bomb onto themselves and end their life as well as many lives around them of those who may not believe the same. Religion creates separations and keeps people controlled through fear and propaganda. Religion also has mutilated women and discriminated against homosexuals. It closes off the imagination and refutes discoveries made by science when those discoveries are incongruent with beliefs. The American author, philosopher, and neuroscientist Sam Harris once said, “The difference between science and religion is the difference between a willingness to dispassionately consider new evidence and new arguments, and a passionate unwillingness to do so” (Harris, 2006, p. 127). Galileo Galilei was tried for heresy and lived the end of his life in a prison because he believed in heliocentricity, which was in direct opposition to the Catholic Church's “certainty” that everything revolved around Earth. Centuries later, he was forgiven since the church could no longer argue against the absolute evidence proving that science was right all along. Ridding the world of organized religion will eliminate separations and hatred among people. NEW SOCIETY 7 After eliminating money, borders, and religion, only then can the New Society focus on saving Mother Earth from all of the pain we have caused her. The only way to ensure that humanity is happy and the New Society exists is to realize that we are alive only because of the biological conditions that permit us to be. Once those conditions no longer exist then there is no surviving for humans. To prevent this, all sources of energy must immediately turn to re-usable natural energy. Says Prof. Tim, “Enough sunlight strikes Earth every 104 minutes to power the entire world for a year” (2014, p. 3). This pure energy is free and endless (as long as the sun's core continues nuclear fusion and provides it for us). The U.S. alone has “the space and sunlight to provide 100 times its annual power demand with solar” (Tim, 2014, p. 2). All houses and commercial buildings will have solar panels installed for providing both electricity and for water heating. All oil drilling operations are permanently ceased, and all transportation will operate by renewable energy with no emissions. There is no more coal burning, nor cutting down of forests for development and further industrialization. Nature should be respected; she is the reason we have life. Everyone in the New Society promotes this greater good over his or her selfish desires. On the subject of selfish human desires, not killing animals for food when there is an option not to do so becomes part of the norm. Factory farming is instantly eliminated as it produces “high levels of waste, use huge amounts of water and land for feed production, contribute to the spread of human and animal diseases, and play a role in biodiversity loss. Farm animal production also contributes to climate change: the industry accounts for an estimated 18% of the world's greenhouse gas emissions, including nine percent of the carbon dioxide, nearly 40% of the methane (a greenhouse gas 25 times more potent than CO2), and 65% of the nitrous oxide (300 times more potent than carbon dioxide)” (Public Health, 2012, p. 7). The land is instead used to grow fruits, vegetables, rice, potatoes, and beans, which feed everyone on the planet more NEW SOCIETY 8 efficiently. An indescribable amount of fresh water is preserved as it is no longer used to keep animals alive that were only birthed for the purpose of death. With the change in human diet also comes a lesser chance of heart disease, high cholesterol, obesity, and many other diseases that came from meat consumption. But the greatest benefit to an all plant-based diet is it clears the air of death and reduces the suffering that exists in the world. Many people turn a blind eye to the suffering that animals go through only to end up as carcasses on our plates. The New Society respects life and realizes that taking a cohabitant's life is unnecessary and unneeded for our survival. The desire for taste does not and should not dominate the need to rid the world of suffering. Suffering lingers in the air, and the society can achieve happiness as a whole more easily knowing that we are not contributing to the torture and murder of the other beautiful creatures that live among us. Ultimately this all ties in with health. We cannot understate how important health is for happiness. More wrote, “It's enough by itself to make you enjoy life, and unless you have it, no other pleasure is possible” (Barnet, 2014, p. 694). We've already discussed that cutting meat out of a diet will help in this department, as will reducing stress and anxiety from lack of money. The New Society will focus on encouraging people to maintain a good physique. Gyms will be open to all, and every human will be provided time in his or her day to run, swim, bike, or take part in any other physical activity. This will keep our hearts healthy, muscles relaxed and strong, and brains sharp and focused. The benefits of yoga and meditation are highly understood and practiced daily as well. [quotation and citation about merits of yoga needed here] By taking time out of a person's day to focus on the here and now, he or she gains perspective and realizes what a gift are life and living harmoniously among others. On the subject of appreciating life, there will be a holiday called Life Day which was NEW SOCIETY 9 borrowed from The Star Wars Holiday Special where humans get together in the streets and celebrate being alive. Music is played by anyone who has an instrument and wants to contribute. Food is prepared and shared like a giant worldwide potluck. Everyone is reminded how important the preservation of Mother Earth is to our survival and is shown different cultures to gain a full appreciation of the diversity and beauty of all humans. [needs quotation and citation supporting argument that diversity makes people happy] People smile at each other genuinely and are polite in their words, as there is an understanding that what you give will be given back to you. This mentality is also taught at schools. Education is provided for everyone that has a desire to learn and to advance the knowledge of humanity. Most great work is built on the shoulders of those before us. This is understood and embraced, and thus those that pursue higher education continue to invent new technologies and use the scientific method to answer those questions that were previously unexplainable. Art and music are core subjects in all schools and are used to expand children's imagination and creativity as these things benefit them as adults. “One decade-long U.S. Study found that students who participated in at least nine hours of arts education a week (including music study) were four times more likely than their peers to have won recognition for their academic achievement, and three times more likely to have won an award for school attendance” (Benefits, 2015, p. 17). Music in general is understood to be the universal language and the great unifier. Families create art and music together and this bonding time overshadows watching television and playing video games. Finally, one of the most unique rites of passage of the New Society is a free trip to the orbit of Earth in space. This is done after the invention and perfection of the reusable rocket and the clean energy used to power it. Sending every person out to space just once in his or her NEW SOCIETY 10 lifetime (even if just for a few minutes) allows us to see what the earth looks like from the above. There may not be a more humbling experience than to hover above it all and see the natural beauty that is our home. This is a giant reality check. We realize how insignificant all of our petty problems and arguments are and realize that we are all part of a bigger picture. Sagan wrote, “Astronomy is a humbling and character-building experience. There is perhaps no better demonstration of the folly of human conceits than this distant image of our tiny world. To me, it underscores our responsibility to deal more kindly with one another” (Chris, 2014, p. 15). Money, borders, and religion mean absolutely nothing when we view what Carl Sagan called the Pale Blue Dot, and humans are reminded of their tiny place on it. Thus, the New Society will build the foundation for true happiness: knowing that you've spent your time alive wisely, safe from harm, respecting the life surrounding you. When this consciousness comes about and the New Society emerges, humans will have a new purpose, and as Prof. Kate wrote, “A sense of purpose, however you find it is key to happiness” (2014, p. 2). This purpose will be sustaining future life and thus allowing plenty of time to advance technology and see where in the unknown universe we can explore, just as we have explored our NEW SOCIETY 11 own planet, and perhaps find other creatures that may clue us in on what they've discovered about the unknown. We may be able to start civilizations on other planets of other stars and preserve the history of our original planet that we've almost destroyed. So how will the world end? The New Society ensures our planet’s end is not brought about by the hands of humans. 1 1 In May 2015 a Swedish artist, Oskar Pernefeldt, formally proposed the International Flag of the Planet Earth. It was conceived to be used in space expeditions and it has two main purposes: To be used while representing planet Earth, and to remind the people of Earth that we share this planet, no matter national boundaries. NEW SOCIETY 12 References Barnet, S. (2014). What is the Ideal Society. In Current Issues and Enduring Questions: A Guide to Critical Thinking and Argument, With Readings (Tenth ed., pp. 663-667). Boston, MA: Bedford/St. Martins. Benefits of Music Education to Math, Reading, Language and Spatial Intelligence. (n.d.). Retrieved July 17, 2015, from http://www.supporttmf.org/documents/BenefitsofMusicWeb.pdf Chris, S. (2014, March 9). Our Place in the 'Cosmos': Carl Sagan's Humanism in 5 Quotes. Retrieved August 6, 2015, from http://chrisstedman.religionnews.com/2014/03/09/cosmos-carl-sagans-humanism/ Clemens, M. (2011, September 5). A World Without Borders Makes Economic Sense. Retrieved August 5, 2015, from http://www.theguardian.com/global-development/povertymatters/2011/sep/05/migration-increase-global-economy Harris, S. (2006, January 2). Science Must Destroy Religion. Retrieved August 7, 2015, from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/sam-harris/science-must-destroy-reli_b_13153.html Kate, L. (2014, August 15). Happy on Purpose. Retrieved August 5, 2015, from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=hxh&AN=97000407&site=srclive Public Health Risks from "Animal Farm" (2012, June 1). Retrieved August 5, 2015, from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=ulh&AN=76319727&site=srclive Tim, M. (2014, September 15). Here Comes the Sun. Retrieved August 5, 2015, from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=ulh&AN=97499427&site=src

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