Politics paper

Question Description

Choose and answer one of the prompts below. Your answer should be 5-7 pages long and submitted to the Turnitin

1. Explain the structural understanding of WWI.

2. Explain the problem of domestic commitment.

3. Explain the logic of wars of retribution.


Peter S. Kindsvatter. 2003. American Soldiers: Ground Combat in the World Wars, Korea, and Vietnam. University Press of Kansas.

If the quote is from a lecture, then you need to specify which lecture. If the quote is from a book, then you need to provide the page number. Choose the question you understand best, Do not use outside resources and you may use instructor's lectures as an outline structure for your exams.

(there are three lectures, I separate each of them into two parts because of the upload file size limit)

Unformatted Attachment Preview

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Final Answer


Surname 1
Student’s Name
Instructor’s Name
The Problem of Domestic Commitment
Commitment is one of the problems leading to conflict yet it receives less attention
from international relations experts. The problems are said to be generated from the inability
of parties to frame long-term binding contracts related to armament issues or any war-risk
factors. Commitment often lead to conflict because the results of negotiations man indicate
varying future strengths for the parties. The problem manifests as power shifts against one of
the parties in a conflict in favor of the other party. The party that feels the risk of losing its
power might decide to fight instead of negotiating as a way of defending its decline (Karsten
1251).This paper explains the problem of domestic commitment as one of the causes of
conflict between major powers.
In the international political context, major powers are determined by economic
strength and population (Lecture note 1 Part 2). Analysis into the causes and conducts of war
generally perceives was as a form of the bargaining process. Nations may have little private
information about their adversaries' state of affairs and may require bargainers to have
information about crucial aspects such as military capabilities. The more the information
states offer, the more likely the other party accepts and prevent war conflict. Commitment
problems are thought to help in overwhelming the limitations of information sharing
difficulties which may later result in a conflict. Basically, a commitment problem exists
where bargaining exhibits some forms of inefficient equilibrium. The inability to
commitment can often lead to conflict in various circumstances.

Surname 2

Commitment problems can extend down to domestic problems if the commitment is
becoming a burden on domestic issues. A state might suffer the verge of international
bargaining by utilizing its domestic resources to fulfill the agreement. In this case, the
commitment poses a problem to domestic issues and might require a new bargaining structure
or completely chose to end the treaty (Karsten 1251). If one of the adversaries is unable to
meet the demands of a commitment because of economic or social issues affecting its citizen,
it might require to re-examine the impacts of the commitment and assess the possibility of
redesigning another commitment. The benefits of such bargaining should exceed the costs
because if the vice versa happens, the possibility of a war conflict can be imminent (Lecture
note 1 part 2). Likewise, if wars are perceived as a solution to the imbalance of power, then
they should only be preferred if benefits exceed the costs.
The balance of power and commitments in the international political history have
caused problems long-term problems amongst the parties involved. The balance of power
concept evolved in Europe and was meant to prevent one state from being too powerful to
dominate other states. The treaty stipulated that is one country became too powerful within
Europe, then the other four states could form alliances to overpower the particular country.
Domestic problems in Germany finally contributed to the emergence of the WWI and serve
as a good explanation for the problem of domestic commitment (Karsten 1252). The political
and economic changes within Germany changed the rules of its interaction with other
European states and underrated the principle of balance of power leading to the outbreak of
Determinants of the balance of power in world conflicts comprise of a number of
factors that can indicate a state's ability to sustain a war over its enemy. In this case, a
country's population, the number of military personnel, the capacity of military equipment
such as the submarines and battleships and the country's currency value. Infrastructure issues

Surname 3

such as railway connections also serve as a good indicator of the balance of power in
international context. For instance, before the WWI Germany had the highest number of
soldiers over Great Britain but Great Britain possessed the highest capacity for military
equipment over the ...

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