Thinking Critically Multiple Choice Questions

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Humanities

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There are 20 Multiple Choice Questions.

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Question 1 ‘Either Mary will go out with Emma or she will go out with Bob.’ This statement is an example of a __________. a) b) c) d) Disjunction Conjunction Conditional Negation Question 2 ‘Don’t smoke in public places’. This is an example of a __________. a) b) c) d) Conditional Statement Deductive Argument Inductive Argument None of the above Question 3 Suppose the statement ‘A’ is true. Which of the following statements must be true? a) b) c) d) A or B A and B If A, then B None of the above Question 4 Suppose the statement ‘A’ is false. Which of the following statements must be true? a) b) c) d) A or B A and B Not – A None of the above Question 5 Suppose the statement ‘A’ is true and the statement ‘B’ is true. Which of the following statements can be true? a) b) c) d) A or B A and B If A, then B All of the above Question 6 Suppose the statement, ‘A and B’ is true. Then, which of the following statements must be false? a) b) c) d) A or B If A, then B Not – B All of the above Question 7 Suppose the statement ‘A’ is false. Which of the following statements can be true? a) b) c) d) A or B Not – A If A, then B All of the above Question 8 ‘If you leave work early, you will avoid the peak hour traffic.’ This is an example of a __________. a) b) c) d) Valid deductive argument Strong inductive argument Conditional statement None of the above Question 9 Which of the following statements is false? a) b) c) d) An argument is a collection of statements An argument must have a conclusion An argument must have a true conclusion Some statements in an argument function as reasons for other statements in the argument. Question 10 A valid argument __________. a) b) c) d) must have a true conclusion must have true premises may have a false conclusion may be an inductive argument Question 11 Suppose the statement, ‘A’, is false. Then, an argument, which has A as its premise and A as its conclusion, is ___________. a) b) c) d) Valid but unsound Invalid but sound Valid and sound Invalid and unsound Question 12 Suppose you know that an argument is invalid. Which of the following statements must be false? a) b) c) d) The argument has a false conclusion. The argument has false premises. The argument is sound. The argument is weak Question 13 Suppose the statements A and B are both true. Then, an argument which has A as its premise and B as its conclusion, must be __________. a) b) c) d) Valid Sound Strong None of the above Question 14 Suppose, if statement A is true, then statement B is highly likely, but not guaranteed, to be true. Then, an argument which has A as its premise and B as its conclusion is charitably read as __________. a) b) c) d) a deductive argument an invalid argument an inductive argument None of the above. Question 15 Suppose I argue: ‘A. Therefore, B.’ This is an example of __________. a) b) c) d) Serial reasoning Convergent reasoning A deductive argument An inductive argument Question 16 Suppose I argue: “My professional life is ruined and my personal life is also terrible. So, there is no point for me to live.” This is an example of __________. a) Linked reasoning b) Convergent Reasoning c) Divergent Reasoning d) None of the above Question 17 Suppose I argue: “Smoking causes cancer; cancer causes pain and you want to avoid pain. So, you should quit smoking.’ This is an example of __________. a) b) c) d) Linked reasoning Convergent reasoning Serial reasoning None of the above Question 18 Which of the following statements can be validly inferred from ‘All As are Bs’ and ‘All Bs are Cs’? a) b) c) d) All As are Cs All Cs are As Both of the above None of the above Question 19 Which of the following statements can be validly inferred from ‘All As are Bs’ and ‘No As are Cs’? a) b) c) d) No Bs are Cs No As are Bs All Bs are Cs None of the above Question 20 Suppose ‘All As are Bs’; and ‘All Bs are Cs’; and ‘All Cs are As’. Then, which of the following statements can be validly inferred? a) b) c) d) All Bs are As No As are Cs Both of the above None of the above
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Question 1
‘Either Mary will go out with Emma or she will go out with Bob.’ This statement is an example of a
__________.
a) Disjunction
b) Conjunction
c) Conditional
d) Negation
Question 2
‘Don’t smoke in public places’. This is an example of a __________.
a) Conditional Statement
b) Deductive Argument
c) Inductive Argument
d) None of the above
Question 3
Suppose the statement ‘A’ is true. Which of the following statements must be true?
a) A or B
b) A and B
c) If A, then B
d) None of the above
Question 4
Suppose the statement ‘A’ is false. Which of the following statements must be true?
a) A or B
b) A and B
c) Not – A
d) None of the above
Question 5
Suppose the statement ‘A’ is true and the statement ‘B’ is true....


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