Running head: CRIMINAL JUSTICE
Juvenile Court Cases
There have been instances of juveniles being transferred to the adult court system in the
US in the past. As such, the practice became an issue of interest and many individuals especially
human rights activists and other criminal law personalities started to question the decision. The
criminal justice system of the US has many roles, and it seeks to ensure that there is fair and
equal due process in which the law gives all parties equal treatment. This paper will explore
three court cases related to juveniles being transferred to adult court systems and examine how
this practice affects criminal justice policy decisions as well as challenges of correctional
officials and waiver for juvenile issues.
Roper Vs. Simmons
In the year 1993 in Missouri, Cristopher Simmons, 17 years old teenager and two other
pals, planned a crime to kill Shirley Crook. They had planned to commit a burglary and murder
her. The three met at night to orchestrate the whole crime idea, but one of them decided to quit.
As such, it was only Simmons and Benjamin who broke into Mrs. Crook’s abode (Benekos &
Merlo, 2016). They blindfolded and tied her before driving to a nearby bridge where they throw
her off the bridge. When the case came to trial, there was enough evidence. Arguably, Simmons
admitted. As such, the jury found Simmons guilty and suggested a death sentence.
At the trial court, Simmons named unsuccessful support by the counsel. Matters such as
his age and disturbed upbringing were some of the factors that were cited to have not been
considered during the sentencing phase. On 13 October 2004, the case was argued where capital
punishment for juveniles was questioned (Benekos & Merlo, 2016). As such, the supreme court
of the US held that it was not constitu...
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