Narrowing your Research Focus Area

timer Asked: Sep 16th, 2018
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Question Description


The research process can begin by finding broad topics that are interesting to you. Broad research allows you to practice skills by finding research purposes, claims, and perspectives, as well as processing or synthesizing information.

These skills will help you evaluate your research to find a smaller or more manageable research focus within a broad topic. After you have narrowed your broad research to an interesting subtopic, you can concentrate your efforts moving forward in the research process.

You have already begun your research into broad topics by exploring articles in the five topic areas identified in Project 1. Here you will begin to narrow your focus by choosing the three broad topics that are most interesting to you and collecting the research you have done so far on these topics together.

Think about which of these three topics is most interesting to you, or affects your life the most, and choose one. After selecting your topic focus, think about a specific issue within the topic that refines it in a way that makes your research focus smaller or more manageable. You will conclude this process by thinking of why this subtopic might be important to different audiences.

Skills & Strategies

This assignment will help you

  • compile current research and begin a process log
  • narrow your research focus area
  • define your research focus by selecting a subtopic you will continue to investigate in subsequent projects


Step 1: You will begin to narrow your focus by selecting the three general topic areas that are most interesting to you out of the five we have been discussing. Then, you will provide citations and summaries for two articles that you have read so far for each topic area. For each of the three broad topic areas, you will have one scholarly and one popular source correctly cited and summarized.

Step 2: After compiling your research log, you will write a 300-word response on the research you have conducted. The response will consider which one of the three remaining topic areas is the most interesting to you, what specific issue within this topic you want to research further, and why. After you have selected your subtopic research area, conclude your response by discussing why and for whom your subtopic is important, including groups or organizations. Include questions you still have about your subtopic that may advance your research forward.

Step 3: Finally, you will find and include three new sources you would like to read about the subtopic you have chosen, two public writing sources and one scholarly source. Cite each article accurately, but you do not need to summarize these articles now.

The total word count of this assignment should be 1000-1200 words.

My sub-topic is water pollution and how could we reduce it.

Be aware that each source should be summarized in one paragraph, the total will be 6 paragraphs.

The sources are:


Health and wellbeing:


My three sources for step 3 are:

Also find one academic and peer-reviewd source about water pollution.

Tutor Answer

School: New York University


Surname 1
Student’s name
Instructors’ name
Water pollution
Water pollution is the emptying of unwanted toxic material in water bodies and is mainly
due to human activities. Water bodies faced by pollution are primarily surface water, marine
water, and groundwater. Pathogens, organic and microscopic contaminants mainly cause water
pollution, and finally changes in temperature. The extent to which water is contaminated can be
measured is done through sampling, physical testing, chemical testing, and biological testing.
After the contamination level has been determined, the control of pollution then follows being,
municipal wastewater treatment, on-site sanitation, industrial toxic waste treatment, agricultural
toxic waste, finally carrying of soil by the wind and sedimentation practice.
Surface water pollution is the general pollution of water bodies which are rivers, lakes,
and oceans. The other surface water contamination is the mass water pollution, which mainly
affects the sea. A perfect example of sea contamination is discharging sewage and industrial
waste into oceans, something experienced in developing countries. Groundwater pollution is,
however, a complicated thing to determine its contamination as it is not affected by those things
that cause surface water pollution. It is discovered that the leading causes of its pollution is soil
and site geology ( Peter Goel).
The extent to which water is contaminated can be measured through few wide spectrums
being sampling, physical testing, chemical testing, and biological testing. Sampling is carried out
through several ways depending on the accuracy aimed at. During the sampling process,

Surname 2
scientists employ auto-Samper devices which pump water to determine the discharge intervals.
Physical testing of water contamination is usually determined by temperature, solids concentrate,
and turbidity. Chemical testing is done through analytical chemistry. Most of the published tests
are available for both natural and chemical compounds. The methods practiced under this are
testing the PH, biochemical oxygen demand and testing for metals. Biological testing is done
through living, nonliving, and microbial indicators to help sturdy the well-being of aquatic life.
Some perfect examples of bioindicators are copepods and other minor water crustaceans that are
seen in water.
To control the pollution, the first step to take is municipal wastewater treatment. In all
industrialized countries waste is treated by centralized sewage treatment plants, which are well
structured systems. The more advanced systems are often known to remove about 90 percent of
pollutants in wastewater. The other alternative of treatment plants is the nature-based solution,
which is being preferred to centralized treatment plants. In those advanced cities with a couple of
sanitary sewer overflows employ more than one steps to reduce the disposal of toxic waste.
Some of the engineering methods are making use of the green infrastructure to work on mass
water control level throughout the systems. This also helps reduce the hydraulic overloading of
treatment plants. The other method is the repairing of the leaking equipment ...

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