Defining Clinical Psychology as a Profession

timer Asked: Oct 6th, 2018
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Question description

There are three professional psychology specializations: clinical, counseling, and school psychology. While all three specializations fall under the professional psychology umbrella, they differ in philosophy, topic areas, and settings in which the professionals work. It is important to understand the other professional psychology specializations as you begin to develop your identity as a clinical psychologist.

In order to fully understand the profession you are training to enter, you must develop a sense of how clinical psychologists differ from other professional psychologists, as well as understand the history of clinical psychology. Understanding how this specialization developed and evolved will help you understand how the philosophy was adopted, how the topic areas were chosen, and how the settings in which clinical psychology professionals work were determined.

The assignment: (34 pages)

  • Differentiate among the professional psychology specializations (clinical, counseling, and school) in terms of philosophy, topic areas, and settings.
  • Select five major events/milestones in the development of clinical psychology. Develop a chronological time line detailing the events/milestones you chose and their significance to the profession of clinical psychology.

Tutor Answer

School: Rice University



Defining Clinical Psychology as a Profession
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Defining Clinical Psychology as a Profession
A training psychologist in clinical psychology must understand all professional psychology
specializations to determine the unique features of a clinical psychologist. Professional psychology
has three areas of specialization: clinical, school and counseling psychology. These three areas differ
in topic areas, philosophy and the work settings of the professionals. In this study, I will expound on
these differences and also give milestones in the development of clinical psychology.
The philosophy of clinical psychology program is to mould clinical psychologists to work
successfully as scientist-professionals in a culturally diverse world. Clinical psychologists should be
educated to evaluate, produce and relate scientific knowledge to clinical and research activities. The
programs in this branch of psychology provide opportunities for a trainer to carry out communitybased research projects and also participate in community-based clinical practices. Additionally, the
programs emphasize respect for individual differences, cultural diversity and ethical conduct.
Counseling psychology is the most broad-based area of applied psychology (Barker &
Pistrang, 2015). Fundamental philosophical core values and principles of counseling psychology
are: value and significance in training students to become professional scientists, fostering the
personal and professional development of...

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