1200 to 1800 word paper on Nicene Christology

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You must write an original paper of your own composition on the topic of “Nicene Christology.” Your paper must be 1200 to 1800 words long, double-spaced, in a standard 12-point font in turbian format. should utilize multiple sources). In your paper, you must examine the major Christological controversies that are discussed in the Ecumenical Councils of the fourth and fifth centuries (the Councils of Nicaea, Constantinople, Ephesus, and Chalcedon). Structure your paper in the following manner:

The Controversies

First, drawing from your course texts, briefly discuss the controversies over the deity and humanity of Jesus. What were the positions of the different parties (concentrate on their views about Christ)? Why did they hold these views?

The Outcome

Second, describe the outcome of these councils, including the “Chalcedonian Definition.” What conclusions were reached at Nicaea and the subsequent councils? Why did the church fathers reach these conclusions? What difference did these specific conclusions make in the life of the church?

Application and Analysis

Third, apply what you have learned to your contemporary Christian fellowship/church experience. Possible questions for your reflection in this third section would be 1) What is the Christology (the understanding of who Christ is) of your contemporary Christian fellowship/church?; 2) How does this Christology compare or contrast with Nicene orthodoxy?; 3) How does your Christian fellowship’s/church’s adherence or departure from Nicene orthodoxy affect the message of salvation (and it does!)?; and 4) Why should (or shouldn’t) the thinking of contemporary Christians be/ become aligned with the Nicene Creed?


Your papers should draw primarily (but not exclusively) from the three course textbooks (Bingham, Pocket History of the Christian Church,Kerr, Readings in Christian Thought , and Lane, A Concise History of Christian Thought).

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Explanation & Answer

Attached.

1

Nicene Christology

Names
Course
Date

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Nicene Christology
The Nicene Christology is a Christian doctrine that is widely followed by many of the
existing Christian churches. The doctrine was established in the fourth century and reviewed
in subsequent centuries through a series of councils that were organized to resolve a number
of disputes and controversies that arose from time to time. This doctrine was formulated by
the Roman Catholics. It soon became popular after its establishment as a replacement to the
former Arianism and Gothic teachings that had been established throughout the Roman
Empire and other parts of Europe. Presently, this doctrine has become the norm and a
guidance to the teachings of modern Christianity and particularly among the Catholics,
Anglicans, Orthodox, and many other Protestant churches. Most of these teachings surround
the beliefs of God as the Trinity and particularly the deity and human aspects of Jesus. This
paper will analyze the controversies that surrounded the Nicene Creed, various councils that
were organized to review these controversies, the outcomes of the councils, and the
application of the Nicene Creed in contemporary Christian fellowships.
Controversies
The Nicene Creed was established in the fourth century by the Roman Catholic. In 325
AD, the Nicaea was convened by the Roman Emperor in order to establish a uniform doctrine
that should serve as a guide to the Catholic Church 1 . In this case, the Emperor and the Fathers
of the church developed a set of Canons that were to clarify the beliefs of the church and
particularly the nature of God and Jesus. Notably, Arianism widely considered Jesus as the
first creation rather than a supreme being who had the same power as his father. However, the
Nicene Creed held that Jesus was an equal being to God the Father. After its establishment, a
follow-up council was convened towards the end of the fourth century so as to review some of

1

Lane, A. N. S., and A. N. S. Lane. A Concise History of Christian Thought . London: T & T Clark, 2006.

3
the canons and strengthen the beliefs of the doctrine. ...


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