## Description

**Chi-Square Tests**

Use the attached dataset ("practice.sav") to perform a chi-square test of independence to compare the differing opinions toward death penalty (variable name = “cappun”) by various racial groups (variable name = “race”).

- What is the research question?
- What is the null hypothesis?
- What is the research hypothesis? (Non-Directional)
- Basic descriptive analysis of the variables used (e.g., mode, % for each group, etc) in a
**paragraph**form. (Don't just include a number of SPSS tables and not talk about it.) - State the rationale for applying a chi-square test of independence in this investigation using appropriate readings and resources in Module 8. (Please cite specific references.)
- Write out the results in an APA format.
- Example: A chi-square test of independence was performed to examine the relationship between gender and like/dislike of American Idol. The relationship between these variables was significant,
*X*^{2}(1, N=120) = 3.92, p = .048. Female students at CUC were more likely (62%) than their male counterparts (44%) to like American Idol. The size of the effect was small with a phi value of .18." - Be careful to state the % of "favor" and "oppose" death penalty within each racial category, not the % of different racial groups within "favor" and "oppose" death penalty categories. (An important distinction!)

- Example: A chi-square test of independence was performed to examine the relationship between gender and like/dislike of American Idol. The relationship between these variables was significant,
- Please include appropriate tables from the SPSS output used in your analyses.

## Explanation & Answer

See attached

Chi-Square Analysis

Name

Course

Institution

Research Question

For this paper, the research question of interest was:

Does opinion toward death penalty for murder differ depending on one’s race?

Hypothesis

Null hypothesis: There are similar opinions toward the death penalty for murder among the

various racial groups

Research hypothesis: There are differing opinions toward the death penalty for murder among

the various racial groups

Description of variables

For the analysis, the variables of interest were ‘race’ and ‘favor or oppose death penalty for

murder’. The sample size was 575 although there were 64 missing responses for the death

penalty question. The race variable had three categories White, Black and Other. Based on the

frequencies calculated, ...