Health and Fitness

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Calculations: Calculate the client's target heart rate using the Karvonen formula.

Training Program: Design a full 12-week periodized training program for the client described in the Client Profile. Be very specific as you design the training program. This is an opportunity for you to demonstrate your full comprehension of the information and concepts discussed throughout the course. List the types of exercise, duration, sets, reps, rest intervals, and so on.

Include the following in your case study submission:

  • A description of your professional responsibilities as discussed in the stages of the drawing-in process (Unit 12)
  • Discussion of any fitness tests, methods of evaluation, and data collection used to assess and evaluate the client's needs
  • Specific conditions that you have identified in the client profile
  • A fully detailed 12-week comprehensive and periodized training program including specific exercises, sets, repetitions, suggested rest times, etc. Use an integrated approach in your program recommendations.
  • Specific and detailed nutritional strategies and an explanation as to how the strategies will assist the client in meeting energy needs
  • Explanation for your chosen assessment, programming, and nutritional recommendations. (Be sure to reference course concepts when discussing rationale for your recommendations.

Keep in mind that a client should be able to take your program and put it into practice without having to contact you to clarify what you intended by your recommendations or to explain parts of your program.

Don't forget your explanation for WHY you listed and recommended what you did. Reference the concepts and theories covered in the course. Be sure to address why the program and exercises recommended are appropriate for the specific client given the client's history, current abilities, and intended goal(s). For example: if you are developing a program for a beginner client without any resistance training experience, explain how your program addresses the lack of experience, initial need for foundational development, process by which you would safely progress the client, etc. Tying your program to course concepts is a critical component of your case study.

Review the Client Profile below.

Client Profile: Jamie Summers

Age: 53

Gender: Female

Resting Heart Rate: 90 bpm

Height: 5'5"

Weight: 165 lb

Body Fat Percentage: 35%

Background and Goals: Jamie is a working mother of three teenagers. She has not been consistently active for many years. She was recently diagnosed with high blood pressure, which is likely caused by her high-stress corporate job and physical inactivity. She also has an affinity for processed and sugary foods. Jamie was recently told by her doctor that she needs to start exercising, eating better, and just simply taking better care of herself or else she is on her way to additional health problems. Jamie will be attending her oldest daughter's high school graduation in three months and wants to use the event as a goal date in which to make significant progress in her health.

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Explanation & Answer

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Health and Fitness




Calculating heart rate
Estimated Maximum Heart Rate (MHR) = 220 – 53 = 167 b-min-1
Heart Rate Reserve = MHR-Resting Heart Rate
= 167 b-min-1 – 90 b-min-1 = 77 b-min-1
HRR × Desired = 77 b-min-1 × 50% = 38.5 b-min-1
= 77 b-min-1 × 75% = 57.75 b-min-1
The HRR above are the limits of the desired intensity; 50 % and 80 %.
Lower limit of target heart rate = 38.5 b-min-1 + 90 b-min-1
= 128.5b-min-1
Upper limit of target heart rate = 57.75 b-min-1 + 90 b-min-1
= 147.75b-min-1

Professional Responsibilities
Personal trainers have some professional responsibilities inherent in the delivery of
services to clients. Among the essential responsibility is the obligation to screen clients for
activity, to lead and recommend activity, and to supervise exercise in accord with established
guidelines. Even more, clients have a right to know what activities they will engage in and to
be informed of the risks associated with those activities. Another professional responsibility
is hence the obligation to disclose the risks associated with training activity. A client who
knowingly assumes the risks of training will be legally presumed to have assumed these risks.
Personal trainers also have a clear professional responsibility to properly prescribe or
recommend appropriate client activity based on individual fitness assessments and health


screening. Recommendations for exercise must be based on professional standards, and the
activities must be must be carried out within the parameters set forth by applicable standards
of care. Finally, personal trainers have a professional duty to inspect the areas where the
activity is to take place and either to warn the client of areas that are not safe or make these
areas safe for training.

Fitness tests, methods of evaluation, and data collection
Before beginning the 12-week comprehensive and periodized, several measurements
and will be done to evaluate Summers' strength. This will include the measurement of hip,
thigh, calf, weight, shoulder, arm, neck, and chest. Fitness tests will then be conducted to help
in the selection of exercise to be employed. Considering that she has not been consistently
active for years, there is a high probability that she has gained weight. The following test
sequence will, therefore, be used:

Resting blood pressure and heart rate

Body balance and co...

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