Annotated Bibliography

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timer Asked: Oct 15th, 2018
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Question Description

Genre is a necessary consideration for learning how to read and navigate texts in your discourse community. In this assignment, you will begin looking at more texts in your discourse community. With genre firmly in your mind and your research guide near you (attached), I would like for you to write an annotated bibliography. An annotated bibliography is just like a normal bibliography except with an added annotation, which will identify two main things: a short summary of the source and the usefulness to your research.

Here is an example:

Lamott, Anne. Bird by Bird: Some Instructions on Writing and Life. Anchor Books, 1995.

Lamott's book offers honest advice on the nature of a writing life, complete with its insecurities and failures. Taking a humorous approach to the realities of being a writer, the chapters in Lamott's book are wry and anecdotal and offer advice on everything from plot development to jealousy, from perfectionism to struggling with one's own internal critic. In the process, Lamott includes writing exercises designed to be both productive and fun. Lamott offers sane advice for those struggling with the anxieties of writing, but her main project seems to be offering the reader a reality check regarding writing, publishing, and struggling with one's own imperfect humanity in the process. Rather than a practical handbook to producing and/or publishing, this text is indispensable because of its honest perspective, its down-to-earth humor, and its encouraging approach.

I want you to start thinking about a specific aspect of your discourse community that you would like to research. For example, if your discourse community is biology, perhaps you would like to research cell dynamics or photosynthesis. Begin narrowing your interests down to precise topics. Start from your discourse community and work your way down. For this assignment, produce an annotated bibliography of 5 sources. Each source can be 150-200 words. Narrow your search to academic articles. Follow the example annotation above. The assignment should be 12 point Times New Roman font.

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Personal Research Guide and Genre Analysis As a business management major one of discourse communities that I will gain membership to is the business community. However as one who is interested in a psychology minor another professional discourse community that I have a keen interest in joining is the psychology discourse. This is a community of professionals who through observation and assessment, study the emotional, cognitive and social behaviors and processes associated with how people relate to one another and their environment These professionals interpret the information they have gathered in a bid to bring about improvements in the processes and behaviors. The roles that psychologists play include conducting scientific studies with the aim of shedding light on the brain function and behavior, gathering information from individuals through observation, interviews or surveys, diagnosing disorder, organizational issues, researching and identifying emotional and behavioral functions, testing for patterns which will help in the comprehension and prediction of behaviors, helping clients deal with problems by discussing treatment options, undertake research and report findings in articles to provide the information for others and supervising professional in counseling field, clinicians and interns (CollegeGrad LLC, 2018). Psychologists formulate and develop theories on feelings and beliefs that influence individuals through experimentation, observation and assessment. Psychology is a big field with various forms of professionals and career paths. Some of these include; aviation psychologists, bio-psychologists, clinical psychologists, cognitive psychologists, community psychologists, comparative psychologists, consumer psychologists, counseling psychologists, cross-cultural psychologists, developmental psychologists, educational psychologists, engineering psychologists, environmental psychologists, forensic psychologists, health psychologists, industrial-organizational psychologists, military psychologists, personality psychologists, school psychologists, social psychologists and so forth (Cherry, 2018). In order to gain a deeper understanding of the discourse Swales’ (1990) six characteristics of discourse communities will be employed. 2 Common Public Goals in Psychology Discourse According to Swales (1990) in order for a group to be referred to as a discourse community, they must fix a set of goals which are publicly known and shared among them. These goals are well known and understood by the professionals in that field and all other practicing members. Although the field of psychology is diverse and the professionals work in very different settings, all the professionals in this field have similar goals which make them a community. The major goals in this discourse include description of behavior where members seek to gain an understanding of both normal and abnormally considered behaviors. Here these professionals utilize different methods and mechanisms to gain this understanding. The second common goal is seeking to explain behavior where the psychologists simply seek to determine why people behave the way they do and do the things they do. The third goal is seeking to predict future behavior by utilizing the information and knowledge they have while the last common goal is seeking to change behavior by influencing or controlling with the pursuit of making changes that last (Cherry, (2018 b)). By pursuing the goals of describing, explaining, predicting, and changing behavior, these professionals work towards improving the quality of life for people. Psychologist either at a professional level or students are all working towards equipping people with knowledge on mental health issues, seeking to ensure the wellbeing of all and aiding their clients towards attaining their goals. These professionals work towards advancing knowledge on psychology so that they can benefit the society. They seek to encourage engagement of members in the field in order to ensure this Mechanisms of Intercommunication in Psychology Discourse According to Swales (1990) a group must have mechanisms which they use for communication purposes between their members in order to be considered a discourse community. This communication enables them to accomplish their goals of describing, explaining, predicting, and changing behavior. In the psychology discourse intercommunication generally happen through research articles, newsletters, seminars and conferences, career fairs, conversations and so forth. These are 3 made possible by the various societies and associations they belong to such as American Psychiatric Association. These intercommunicative practices are enabled by peer reviewed articles published in journals such as the American Psychological Association which has over 90 independent journals covering the various sub disciplines of psychology. Examples of these peer reviewed articles include; Kenrick, A, C., Sinclair, C. Richeson, J. Verosky, S. C. and Lun J. (2016); Moving While Black: Intergroup Attitudes Influence Judgments of Speed Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. Other communicative mechanisms include magazines and newsletters such as the Monitor on Psychology a monthly publication which provides professionals in the field of psychology recent articles on new research findings, innovative ways of operations and other activities that are being undertaken by the APA association (American Psychological Association, 2018). Another major way of communication in the psychology discourse in through various annual conferences where professional come, share and learn from each other. Example s includes the annual APA conference. Participatory Mechanisms in Psychology Discourse For a group to be referred to as a discourse community, it must have mechanisms which allow its members to participate (Swales, 1990). The psychology discourse ensures that their members participate by calling for their proposal for their conferences such as; APA annual conference, Global Symposium for Psychology Professionals, International Conference on Humanities, Psychology and Social Science, Annual International Conference on Spirituality and Psychology The participation of members is also enabled by the various professional peer reviewed journals where they can publish their articles. Examples include; APA Journals, Educational Publishing Foundation journals, Canadian Psychological Association journals, Hogrefe Publishing Group journals, National Institute of Mental Health journals, The Journal of Psychology, American Journal of Psychology, Psychological Science, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, British Journal of Psychology, Journal of Educational 4 Psychology, Psychological Bulletin, Journal of Experimental Psychology, Psychological Review, International Journal of Psychology, Journal of Abnormal Psychology, Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, Journal of Applied Psychology, The Journal of Social Psychology, Psychological Studies, Journal of Health Psychology and so forth. Other databases available for members’ participation include; PsycINFO, Annual Reviews, Counseling and Therapy in Video: Volume I, Google Scholar, JSTOR, PsycArticles, PubMed, SAGE Research Methods, DSM-V Library, Sociological Abstracts and so forth Communicative Genre in Psychology Discourse A group must have specific genre of communication in order for them to be considered discourse community (Swales, 1990). The psychology discourse has a number of genre they use, these include; Reports of empirical studies such as Schmidt, A. M. and DeShon, R.P (2010). The Moderating Effects of Performance Ambiguity on the Relationship Between Self-Efficacy and Performance. Journal of Applied Psychology Retrieved on September, 19, 2018 from http://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/apl/sample.aspx Monographs such as; Shockley, K.M., Shen, W. DeNunzio, M. M. Arvan, M. L and Knudsen, E.A.(2017).Disentangling the Relationship Between Gender and Work–Family Conflict: An Integration of Theoretical Perspectives Using Meta-Analytic Methods Journal of Applied Psychology Retrieved on September, 19, 2018 from http://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/apl/sample.aspx Feature Articles which are Empirical in nature such as; Hammer, L.B., Johnson, R.Y. Crain, T. L., Bodner, T. Kossek, E.E., Davis, K.D.,. Kelly,E.L Buxton, O.M., Karuntzos, G. . Chosewood, C.and Berkman, L. (2016). Intervention Effects on Safety Compliance and Citizenship Behaviors: Evidence From the Work, Family, and Health Study Journal of Applied Psychology Retrieved on September, 19, 2018 from http://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/apl/sample.aspx 5 Feature Articles which adopt an Integrative Conceptual Reviews and Theoretical such as; Kiazad, K. Holtom, B.C Hom, P.W and Newman, A. (2015). Job Embeddedness: A Multifoci Theoretical Extension Journal of Applied Psychology Retrieved on September, 9, 2018 from http://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/apl/sample.aspx Others include books, case histories, and discussions of quantitative methods, case studies, grant proposals, conference papers and so forth. A very important text in the field of psychology is the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) which provides the basis for classifying disorders and through which various tests have been developed to help in the diagnosis. Specific Lexis in Psychology Discourse Swales (1990) also indicated that discourse community also must have a particular jargon which is specific to it. For psychologist, their study introduces to a particular set of jargon which they have to use for the rest of their career Level of Membership in in Psychology Discourse Swales (1990) pointed to the importance of distinction between members in terms of level of expertise. In the field of psychology, professional must acquire training first as students before they become professionals. They start at a lower bachelors’ degree level proceed to graduate studies then doctorate level. Extensive study is required for the rise in level of expertise. Major Contemporary topics and changes in Psychology Discourse last 5-10 years The field of psychology has continued to evolve as new areas of interest arise over time. A significant change that has occurred in the Field is the revision of the manual that is used to classify mental health disorder. Since its first publication, it has undergone through various reviews with the most recent being in 2013 giving rise to DMS-V. Areas which have been of interest and used to formulate research topics include; eating disorders, effects of exposure to violence during childhood, veteran related issues, and issues related to immigrants, technology and ethics, issues of sexual minorities, divorce and various personality disorders. 6 Important terms in Psychology ✓ Correlational Research ✓ Dependent Variable ✓ Independent Variable ✓ Control Group ✓ Placebo Effect ✓ Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) ✓ Sensory Memory ✓ Environment ✓ Intelligence Quotient (IQ) ✓ Anxiety disorders ✓ Attachment ✓ Aggression 7 References Albert (2016). 35 Frequently Tested AP Psychology Terms & Concepts. Retrieved on September 19, 2018 from https://www.albert.io/blog/35-frequently-tested-ap-psychology-termsconcepts/ American Psychological Association (2018). Magazines and Newsletters. Retrieved on September 19, 2018 from http://www.apa.org/pubs/newsletters/index.aspx Cherry, K (2018 b). The Major Goals of Psychology. Retrieved on September 18, 2018 from https://www.verywellmind.com/what-are-the-four-major-goals-of-psychology-2795603 Cherry, K. (2018a). 20 Different Types of Psychologists and What They Do. Retrieved on September 18, 2018 from https://www.verywellmind.com/types-of-psychologists-andwhat-they-do-2795627 CollegeGrad LLC (2018). Psychologists. Retrieved on September 18, 2018 from https://collegegrad.com/careers/psychologists Hammer, L.B., Johnson, R.Y. Crain, T. L., Bodner, T. Kossek, E.E., Davis, K.D.,. Kelly,E.L Buxton, O.M., Karuntzos, G. . Chosewood, C.and Berkman, L. (2016). Intervention Effects on Safety Compliance and Citizenship Behaviors: Evidence From the Work, Family, and Health Study Journal of Applied Psychology Retrieved on September, 19, 2018 from http://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/apl/sample.aspx Kiazad, K. Holtom, B.C Hom, P.W and Newman, A. (2015). Job Embeddedness: A Multifoci Theoretical Extension Journal of Applied Psychology Retrieved on September, 19, 2018 from http://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/apl/sample.aspx Schmidt, A. M. and DeShon, R.P (2010). The Moderating Effects of Performance Ambiguity on the Relationship Between Self-Efficacy and Performance. Journal of Applied Psychology Retrieved on September, 19, 2018 from http://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/apl/sample.aspx Shockley, K.M., Shen, W. DeNunzio, M. M. Arvan, M. L and Knudsen, E.A.(2017).Disentangling the Relationship Between Gender and Work–Family Conflict: 8 An Integration of Theoretical Perspectives Using Meta-Analytic Methods Journal of Applied Psychology Retrieved on September, 19, 2018 from http://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/apl/sample.aspx Swales, J. M. (1990) Genre Analysis: English in academic and research settings. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.21-32 Retrieved on September 19, 2018 from http://liu.cwp.libguides.com/c.php?g=744540&p=5334127 UCF (2013). What is a discourse community? Retrieved on September 19, 2018 from https://webcourses.ucf.edu/courses/984277/pages/what-is-a-discourse-community University of Colorado Boulder (nd). Discourse community/communication conventions. Retrieved on September 19, 2018 from https://sites.google.com/a/colorado.edu/psychology-from-a-differentperspective/discourse-community-communication-conventions ...
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School: New York University

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Running head: PSYCHOLOGICAL DISCOURSE COMMUNITY

Psychology Discourse Community
Institution
Tutor
October 16, 2018

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PSYCHOLOGICAL DISCOURSE COMMUNITY

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Psychology Discourse Community
Bonsignori, V. & Camiciottoli, B. (2016). Multimodality across communicative settings,
discourse domains and genres. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars
Publishing.
According to Rawlings, communication plays a key role in psychology in a discourse community
requires a system of correspondence and shared objectives while there might be an impressive
separation between the individuals both ethnically and topographically. The structure of human
subjective engineering is useful in examining how unique kinds of thought, and also the
comparing regions of brain research, identify with one another along a continuum, and how this
continuum, thusly, identifies with correspondence forms. The connection between psychology
and correspondence research can be specified with reference to three key kinds of
correspondence forms with regards to the human psychological design structure presented
previously. The three procedures are up close and personal relational cooperation interceded
relational collaboration and correspondence by means of broad communications. The
surrounding isn't planned as a verifiable record of these distinctive open practices, nor as a
comprehensive portrayal of correspondence, yet serves to feat...

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Tutor went the extra mile to help me with this essay. Citations were a bit shaky but I appreciated how well he handled APA styles and how ok he was to change them even though I didnt specify. Got a B+ which is believable and acceptable.

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