discussion on racism through given articles, one page about given questions from articles?

timer Asked: Oct 15th, 2018
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Question Description

1 page

The assignment addresses Intersectionality and the social worker's role in addressing oppression from both a personal perspective and professional perspective.

Students will be assigned groups randomly through Blackboard. Each group member will choose one of the following:

● Race (Racism) / Colourism

An article on intersectionality will be provided as foundational support to review your ‘ism’.

In-Class Instructions:

1. Students will break up into groups according to their "isms"

2. Students will be asked to explore and analyze an “ism” through the lens of intersectionality during their in-class group discussion.

3. Students are required to find a peer reviewed article in addition to the article provided on Blackboard. These 2 articles will support your analysis of your "ism"

4. Students should read the articles in preparation for the in class group discussion

5. The following questions will assist you in your exploration during your group discussion:

a. What did you notice during class about your “ism” and its relationship to the dominant ideology?

b. Identify how intersectionality is related to your “ism.”

c. Identify any themes about similarity/differences related to your “ism?

d. What challenged you as you explored and discussed your “ism?”

e. How will these ‘knowing’s’ impact your social work practice?

6. Please take notes for you posting for the write up portion of this assignment

Write-up Instructions:

1. Students will post a 1 page write up on Blackboard based on their group discussions

2. Ensure to explore/discuss the “ism” and its relationship with the theory of intersectionality using the 2 peer reviewed articles discussed in groups.

3. Students may write in 1st person as this is a summary of what was discussed in groups and what you may have learned during your discussion

Unformatted Attachment Preview

Everyone Belongs A Toolkit for Applying Intersectionality By Joanna Simpson CRIAW/ICREF June 2009 Everyone Belongs: A toolkit for applying intersectionality 1st edition May 2009 Written by: Joanna Simpson Project Officer CRIAW-ICREF This toolkit was developed through a collaborative process with CRIAW’s partners for the Embracing the Complexities of Women’s Lives Project. Canadian Research Institute for the Advancement of Women (CRIAW) 408-151 Slater Street, Ottawa, Ontario, K1P 5H3 Phone: 613-563-0681 Fax: 613-563-0682 TDD/ATS : 613-563-1921 Email: info@criaw-icref.ca www.criaw-icref.ca Everyone Belongs… This toolkit was developed in response to the needs expressed by CRIAW’s partners for the Embracing the Complexity of Women’s Lives project. CRIAW would like to thank our partners for their dedication to this project and for their time spent organizing the workshops and focus groups, participating in meetings and exploring intersectionality with us. For this project, CRIAW worked with the Social Planning Council of Winnipeg, the Social Planning Council of Ottawa and the Saskatchewan Intercultural Association. Social Planning Council of Ottawa We are grateful for the financial contribution of the Women’s Program, Status of Women Canada towards this project, including all of the workshops, focus groups and the development of this toolkit. The opinions expressed in this document do not necessarily represent the official policy of Status of Women Canada. Some of the opinions expressed in this document may not reflect the opinions or policies of our partners. We would like to acknowledge the many participants for their feedback and contributions. We thank Ruby Dhand, Jane Robinson, Judy White and Erin Williams of the ECWL Project Steering Committee as well as Fathiya Wais, the CRIAW Coordinator, our partners, the CRIAW Board of Directors and Past CRIAW Executive Director, Lise Martin, for their help with the editing of this toolkit. We also thank Nyenyezi Sanginga for the layout of this toolkit and Michelle Briand for translating the document into French. 2 Everyone Belongs… Table of Contents 1. Intersectionality displayed in a wheel diagram.………………………P. 5 2. Introduction to the project and intersectionality……………………..P. 6 • • • The project and its partners Key points to consider regarding this project and toolkit How you can use this tool 3. Intersectionality……………………………………………………………..P. 7 • • Intersectionality includes everybody How and why this perspective can benefit your organization 4. Policies that reflect intersectionality……………………………….....P. 10 • • • • • CRIAW and intersectional feminist frameworks Examples of policy changes at CRIAW Policies relating to accessibility Policies relating to human resources Considerations for Boards of Directors (checklist) 5. Developing services, programs and projects that reflect intersectionality..................................................................................P. 18 • • • Reaching the most marginalized Thinking beyond your deliverables How to evaluate your services/programs/projects 6. Research that reflects intersectionality……………………………....P. 22 • • • Applying an intersectional perspective to research Involving people who experience marginalization in the research process A case in point: intersectional research on the Vancouver transit system 7. CRIAW’s partners making a difference in their communities…….P. 25 • • • The Social Planning Council of Winnipeg The Social Planning Council of Ottawa The Saskatchewan Intercultural Association 3 Everyone Belongs… 8. Community education activities for exploring intersectionality….P. 31 • • • Intersectionality string game How many of you…..exploring our own oppressions Invisible Backpack of Privilege activity 9. Resources…………………………………………………………………..P. 35 • • • • • Accessibility resources Resources relating to intersectionality Research Resources relating to policy development Websites 10. Glossary of terms………………………………………………………....P. 38 11. End notes………... ………………………………………………………..P. 44 4 Everyone Belongs… Intersectionality displayed in a wheel diagram Indigeneity Education Occupation Gender Caste Class Geographic Background Income Location Social Status Life Unique Experience Sexuality Circumstances of Skin Spirituality Power, Privilege Colour and identity Family HIV Refugee Status Status Disability Status Housing Experience of Work Situation Racialization History Age Citizenship Status • • • • Religion Innermost circle represents a person’s unique circumstances. Second circle from inside represents aspects of identity. Third circle from the inside represents different types of discrimination/isms/attitudes that impact identity. Outermost circle represents larger forces and structures that work together to reinforce exclusion. Note it is impossible to name every discrimination, identity or structure. These are just examples to help give you a sense of what interectionality is. 5 Everyone Belongs… Introduction to the project and intersectionality The project and its partners In 2008, the Canadian Research Institute for the Advancement of Women (CRIAW), received a grant from the Women’s Program, Status of Women Canada, to undertake a one-year, community-based project called Embracing the Complexity of Women’s Lives. Throughout the initiative, CRIAW worked collaboratively with three different Canadian social justice organizations to explore how intersectionality could be applied in practical ways to their policies, services, governance and other work. For this project, CRIAW worked in partnership with the Social Planning Council of Winnipeg, the Social Planning Council of Ottawa and the Saskatchewan Intercultural Association. Workshops and focus groups were held with staff, board members and community members involved with each partner group, on the topic of intersectionality. The goal of intersectionality, as CRIAW sees it, is to strive for a world in which everyone, regardless of who they are or where they live, can live violence-free, access safe housing, have their voice heard and enjoy freedom from discrimination. The goal of the workshops was to facilitate discussions on how an intersectional approach could foster each partner group’s existing work. The project also sought to determine what tools CRIAW could develop to help with the application of intersectionality in non-profit groups. The structure and content of this toolkit is based on participant feedback received from the workshops and focus groups and is designed to respond to needs expressed by the partner groups. Key points to consider regarding this project and toolkit The following are important points to consider when reading the content in this toolkit: • • CRIAW has tried very hard to capture a variety of perspectives and explore the complex nature of intersectionality; however, due to restrictions of time, resources and the number of partners CRIAW was able to work with we could not fully capture all of the different perspectives in great detail. For example, CRIAW did not work with any organizations serving Aboriginal Peoples so this toolkit provides a limited perspective with respect to First Nations, Inuit and Métis. Intersectionality takes into account how different kinds of discrimination work together. This toolkit lists many of those discriminations in different places; however, it should be noted that when listing discriminations it is hard to capture every experience or combination of experiences. Some 6 Everyone Belongs… • • • people believe that there is no end to diversity or discrimination and so this toolkit was not able to list every identity or form of discrimination. We did try to emphasize that it is not possible to look at every intersection at once but that it is important to listen and learn from people’s unique histories. We tried as much as possible to make sure that this toolkit used plain language. CRIAW’s previous publications mostly use the term Intersectional Feminist Frameworks. During our workshops, participants gave CRIAW the feedback that the term intersectionality resonated more for them than intersectional feminist frameworks; therefore, the term intersectionality will be used throughout most of the toolkit. This toolkit is a living document. If you have suggestions for improvement, we would be happy to get your feedback. How you can use this tool This toolkit has been separated into different topic areas so that you can view the section(s) that are most relevant for you. The topics in this toolkit reflect some of the suggestions and discussions that took place during the intersectionality workshops, including applying an intersectional perspective to policies, services and programs, research and community education. This toolkit is not designed to be a critical reflection piece. This toolkit is designed to be practical and to be accessible to many non profit organizations with varying missions and mandates. To learn more about the history and philosophy regarding intersectionality, we recommend reading some of the resources listed in the Resource section. Although intersectionality can be hard to apply given limitations with staff, volunteer and financial resources that many non-profit groups experience, this resource is intended to offer concrete and practical suggestions and tools for organizations that are interested in opening their doors wider to the communities they serve. Intersectionality Intersectionality includes everybody Intersectionality is not something new. Many activists and thinkers helped to inform our current understanding of intersectional issues, particularly people who were part of human rights movements.1 Many grassroots women’s groups in the 1970s and 1980s sought to break down the hierarchies that create inequalities, such as patriarchy and capitalism. Also, women like Sojourner Truth have contributed to the development of intersectionality. Truth was a former slave in the United States who demonstrated that the concept of “woman” was culturally constructed through the discrepancies between her experience as an African- 7 Everyone Belongs… American woman and the qualities ascribed to women, during a speech that was recorded at a women’s rights convention in Akron, Ohio in 1851.2 The actual term intersectionality first appeared in an article by Kimberlé Williams Crenshaw, published in 1991, which articulated the relationship between sex, gender, nation, race and class: http://www.wcsap.org/Events/Workshop07/mapping-margins.pdf Crenshaw wanted to show how black African American women had been excluded from women’s equality struggles, particularly as it pertained to violence against women.3 Although the word intersectionality is a more recent term, it should be noted that for centuries, Aboriginal Peoples have been using a holistic approach to health and wellbeing. Indeed “[…] for Indigenous Peoples living in Canada and around the world, the inter-relationships between the physical, mental, spiritual and emotional aspects of being are integral to individual and community health.”4 Intersectionality takes a holistic approach because it involves looking at things together, for example, viewing race and gender together, as opposed to viewing them in isolation. So then, a big part of intersectionality is about taking into account people’s experiences and identities without placing them into fixed categories. Consider for a moment this quote from poet and activist Audre Lorde: “As a forty-nine-yearold Black lesbian feminist Socialist mother of two, including one boy, and a member of an inter-racial couple, I usually find myself a part of some group defined as other, deviant, inferior, or just plain wrong.”5 In order to understand Lorde’s experience, we can’t just apply a strictly anti-racist or anti-homophobic or gender equality perspective. Her identities cannot be seen as standing alone and like Lorde, we all have our own unique histories and experiences that determine our social location. However, depending on who we are, we can experience greater or lesser degrees of privilege and exclusion. Sometimes we can be privileged in some ways and not in others. The rationale for an intersectional approach though, is not to show who is worse off in society but as the Association for Women’s Rights in Development notes “[…] to reveal meaningful distinctions and similarities in order to overcome discriminations and put the conditions in place for all people to fully enjoy their human rights.”6 In this sense, intersectionality includes everybody. Although the term intersectionality arose out of feminism, it can be applied to the experiences and circumstances of people of all genders. Furthermore, intersectionality is centred on the perspectives of those with the least amount of power, which are more often women and girls.7 8 Everyone Belongs… How and why this perspective can benefit your organization We all want to be included, to be safe and to be financially secure. Yet this is not the case for everyone. While technology has rapidly increased so has the gap between the rich and poor. Take Canada for example--a country which until the most recent 2009 recession had boasted a decade of surpluses. In a country that had excess money, there were still homeless people, people without safe housing and women enduring violence from their partners. In Canada, there are a disproportionate number of sole support mothers, disabled, elderly, racialized and immigrant women who are living in poverty.8 Here is one example that shows some income related statistics from the 2006 Canadian census comparing Canadian born men and women to men and women who immigrated to Canada. The age range for the people represented in this data is 25-54. Note: Recent Immigrants for 2005 is defined by Statistics Canada as immigrants who immigrated to Canada between 2000 and 2004. Median Earnings/year Canadian Canadian- Immigrant Immigrant Recent born born population population Immigrant population population (men) (women) population (men) (women) (men) $ 62,566 $ 44,545 $ 42,998 $ 30,633 $ 30,332 With a University Degree $ 25,590 $ 33,814 $ 22,382 $ 24,470 Without a $ 40,235 University Degree Source: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census data (for the year 2005)9 Recent Immigrant population (women) $ 18,969 $ 14,233 Even though these statistics only provide limited information, they do show an intersection between immigration status, arrival to Canada, education and gender. As the barriers increase, so too does the severity of the poverty. For instance, women without university degrees who are recent immigrants to Canada earn a lower salary on average than the overall immigrant population and over $10, 000 less than Canadian born women without university degrees. Furthermore, women in each category earn substantially less than men and even Canadian born women with a university degree only earn about $4, 000 more a year than Canadian born men without a university degree. Women who are recent immigrants earn only $14, 233/year on average which is very low for a single person. A woman making that income, living with a disability and raising three children alone, will experience even greater hardship. Keep in mind that there are differences in earnings within and between groups and individuals and that statistics do not take into account individual histories and experiences. Differences in power, privilege and poverty are much more complex than this. 9 Everyone Belongs… In order to create a fair and equal society, it is very important to include those who are most marginalized and advocate for more inclusive policies and programs. Intersectionality offers a perspective that takes into account the full range of identities and circumstances facing people. Applying intersectionality to our work means that we, as people, have to change the way we think about and view things like identity, power and equality.10 When no one is excluded, we all benefit! Policies that reflect intersectionality Applying an intersectional lens to policy means that our internal operations and structures would be critically examined to make sure they reflect diverse women’s interests and experiences.11 It is not about accommodating people, but rather, it is about putting a structure in place that is inclusive to all. A participant in one of the intersectionality workshops pointed out that for an organization to apply this perspective, intersectionality has to be a fundamental mindset. CRIAW and intersectional feminist frameworks Developing policies that reflect intersectionality takes time and commitment. Throughout the years, CRIAW has had to adapt and refine its policies to become more inclusive as an organization; however, none of these changes happened overnight. Rather, they happened incrementally throughout the years as new situations and issues emerged. Moreover, CRIAW has not finished making changes-shifting to an intersectional framework is a work in progress. In some ways, the work is never complete because issues and politics will always shift and change over time and as organizations, we will have to adapt. For some time, CRIAW has been looking at alternative ways of doing social justice work, which came out of the recognition that women’s realities revolve around much more than just their gender. In 2004, CRIAW began exploring intersectional feminist frameworks (IFFs) as a way of re-thinking mainstream approaches to social and economic justice. CRIAW also began to find ways of using the framework to improve internal policies and research on women. For CRIAW, “IFF’s attempt to understand how multiple forces work together and interact to reinforce conditions of inequality and social exclusion. IFFs examine how factors including socio-economic status, race, class, gender, sexualities, ability, geographic location, refugee and immigrant status, combine with broader historical and current systems of discrimination such as colonialism and globalization to simultaneously determine inequalities among individuals and groups.”12 10 Everyone Belongs… Examples of policy changes at CRIAW In the late 1980s, CRIAW, along with other social justice organizations, began to recognize the need to become more diverse and inclusive. CRIAW slowly began to implement policies to become inclusive to more groups, for example, racialized women. Later, the organization came to the realization that simply adding groups or categories of people was not enough. That is when intersectional feminist frameworks were developed. The following are a few examples of how CRIAW developed policies to correspond with its overall vision of creating an organization where women across Canada could fully participate as board members, employees, volunteers and allies. Examples: (a) Greater inclusion of francophone women on the CRIAW board (19901991) In 1990, CRIAW Board Members proposed the following amendments to the constitution: 1. To increase the pool from which the President Elect may be chosen. 2. To broaden participation on the CRIAW Board and committees. 3. To increase Francophone representation on the Board. The process of making these amendments took a year to complete. It began in 1990 and the amendments were passed in November of 1991. Within that frame of time, proposed amendments were sent to all of CRIAW’s Members prior to the Annual General Meeting (AGM). During the AGM, the amendments were proposed a ...
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Tutor Answer

School: Carnegie Mellon University

The work is done.Thank you

Running Head: RACISM

Institution Affiliation
Instructor’s Name
Student’s Name
Course Code



Racism of skin color
The discriminatory acts or prejudiced attitudes against people on the basis of their
perceived or actual racial status are culturally and socially constructed in reference to the
problems associated with the said group, mostly by the dominant group in the society. I noticed
in class that, sometimes, people commit racist acts which they are completely oblivious of, in
their daily activities, even for those famed as anti-racists. It doesn’t need to be a violent outburst
or an unfair treatment towards a person of color that can only be regarded as racism, but even
when you pity, E.g., a black student, by pushing back the deadline of an assignment or Avoiding
to question their low quality presentation in class, amounts to racism because it seems that one
believes in the leaning ideology of racism of the powerful white voice or the belief that blacks
are intellectually deficient.
Racism elements have been highly ingrained in the dominant ideology. It doesn’t have to be a
complete manifestation of white supremacy, but when even, for example,...

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