Juvenile Justice Article Review

timer Asked: Oct 16th, 2018
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Question Description

This is the article for the review: https://upfront.scholastic.com/issues/2017-18/1211...

4 pages double spaced apa format - more instructions listed below.

I would like you to give your perspective concerning the article. However, I do not want the entire article to be your perspective. Make sure to properly reference any and all support for the article.

In your review:

-Discuss the article’s findings.

-Ensure that you include information on the article’s title, author, journal, date/edition, and web location.

-Your review paper must be at least four pages and be double-spaced.

-Include both a working link that goes directly to the article’s web location and a citation of the article.

-The article must be less than five years old.

-APA format is required.

Tutor Answer

School: Duke University


Juvenile Justice Article Review
Juvenile Justice helps in caring and in supervising young offenders in various centers of
juvenile justice who are referred by the police or by the courts (NSW, 2018). In the article posted
in upfront titled “Juvenile Justice” (Stoffers, 2017), it has discussed whether there is still chances
for reformation for young criminals and there are some who oppose to providing this
Most of the young offenders are imprisoned together with the adults where several states
including Oregon are charging offenders aging 16 to 17 as adult criminals and they often spend
in solitary confinement. However, in some states,, they are opting for rehabilitation instead to
resorting to tough penalties. Because based on the findings treating and charging the young
juveniles as adult criminal does not give the positive result. However, some of the right groups
were opposed to the rehabilitation option because according to the harsh punishment should be
meted out to worst criminals. There are offenders who benefited from these changes in the
justice system concerning young juveniles like Hernan Carvente and Noah Schultz who had the
opportunity to receive the counseling, support, education and was able to finish a degree. But
another example was also cited another offender named Wendell Callahan a 17-year-old
sentenced to serve long-term in prison for the drug conviction. His sentence was shortened and
released. However, he committed the crime again killing his ex-girlfriend as well as her two
innocent and young kids. This only shows that there are success stories from these shifts in the
juvenile justice system and there are also which are not which makes some to go against it more
such as William Otis said that when these offenders are incarcerated, the community is free from
fear of being ransacked or murdering their children.

Juvenile Court: First Created
English lawyer named William Blackstone who identified individuals who are not
capable of committing crimes and requires two things to make a person accountable for
lawbreaking (ABA, n.d.). One is if the offender has a vicious will and the second is the person
should commit the unlawful act. The ones that are identified by Blackstone as incapable of doing
criminality are infants not with its literal meaning but it refers to the children who are still young
and does not yet fully understand the actions that they’ve done. Children that classified as infants
are those who are not over 7 years old. 14 and above can be charged as liable of committing
crimes and can be convicted and punished a penalty as heavy as death such as in the doctrine of
law stating “malice supplies the age” (ABA, n.d.). This is explained as if the court has
established that there is discernment between the good and the evil in committing the crime the
youth offender can be convicted and even be punished of death.
The changes in the Juvenile Justice System in the US began when the reformers created
facilities intended for young offenders in many states such as in New York in 1825. In 1855, a
Reform School in Chicago was erected who aimed to protect and separate juvenile delinquents
from the adult offenders. Juvenile Court was first created in Cook County, Illinois in 1899 Act.
The context of this Act 1899 of Juvenile Court is focused on child reform as well as social
welfare intended for the youth offenders, (Wilson, 2017, ABA n.d. ). The reformers believed that
they are doing for the best interest of these wayward children and felt a moral obligation to guide
them to become good members of the community or society. It focuses on the rehabi...

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Good stuff. Would use again.

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