Essay on Judith Jarvis Thomson: A Defense of Abortion

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timer Asked: Oct 16th, 2018
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Question Description

Here are some recommendations for how to plan your paper:

Format requirements: Minimum 900 words, maximum 1000 words. Nor the TAs or I care what font you are using, what color, or what spacing. You can upload it as a word document, or pdf. Concerning the format of the paper, that is all the terms that I can think of. We are more interested in your thoughts than in the form you choose for their deliverance.

Due date: November 9.

But you can turn it in early.

How you should plan your paper:

In the first paragraph describe what you want to write about. Explain what you will argue for or against

It can be:

- an idea that you heard in class

- a morally relevant topic that you heard about outside of class that you can integrate in what we discussed in class

- an argument that you heard in class and you do not agree with

- an argument that you heard in class that you agree with and you think that you can make the point that the common attitude of society gets that aspect wrong

- something that we discussed in class and you think that there are relevant aspects that have been left out and you want to emphasize those aspects

Second step: explain why you think that the topic you chose is relevant for moral consideration, why is it relevant for society

Third step: explain your position towards the topic you chose;

Argue for your position and explain as best as you can why do you think you are right.

What we are looking for when we grade:

First of all, we want to make sure that you understand the topic that you are writing about: why is it relevant to moral philosophy, what are its most important moral implications.

Then we look at your argument to see whether it holds. Whether the premises that your argument implies result in the conclusion that you say they do.

Third, we look for clarity and organization.

Look up reliable sources for your paper. Ask your TA or me for help. Peer reviewed articles, books, Stanford Encyclopedia for Philosophy are highly recommended. If you copy one sentence from somewhere without quoting it you can be accused of plagiarism, which will not only result in you getting a 0 for that paper, but also have it on your record that you have plagiarized.

Practical tips: write a short draft for your paper. Write half a page about what you want to write about. Go to sleep and let it sit for one day.

Next day go back to your draft and write the paper.

Third day, explain your paper to a friend or family member, to your TA or to me. Do they understand what you are trying to argue? After this conversation you will figure out whether there is something that you need to clarify.

Unformatted Attachment Preview

Paper (900-1,000 words): Due Friday, November 9th at 11:59 pm. Here are some paper topics for this course. You are also free to write on a topic of your choosing. If your paper topic is quite different from those listed below, you are highly encouraged to consult with your TA. ⚫ Don Marquis: Why Abortion Is Immoral 1. Marquis claims that abortion is wrong for the same reason that killing adult humans is wrong. Are there any differences between the two that would justify abortion? 2. One might object to Marquis’ claim that fetuses have a valuable future by pointing out that fetuses do not have the cognitive capacities to value anything. How does Marquis respond to this objection? Do you find this response convincing? ⚫ John Stuart Mill: Hedonism 1. Mill claims that “Pleasure, and freedom from pain, are the only things desirable as ends.” Are there any examples that can challenge this claim? 2. Mill states that it is “better to be Socrates dissatisfied, then a fool satisfied.” What reasons does he give for thinking this? Do you think that the reason Mill gave is a good reason? ⚫ Peter Singer: The Singer Solution to World Poverty 1. Was it morally wrong of Bob to refrain from throwing the switch, thus allowing the child to die? Is there any moral difference between Bob’s decision and the decision of well-off people to spend money on luxuries rather than the alleviation of property? 2. One difference between the case of Bob and the case of someone not giving to charity is that Bob is the only person in a position to prevent the child’s death, while many people are in position to give to charity. Why doesn’t Singer think that this is a morally relevant difference? Do you agree with that? 3. How does Singer respond to the objection that his theory is too demanding, and that people will never make the sacrifices he suggests? Do you find his response convincing? ⚫ Alastair Norcross: Puppies, Pigs and People – Eating Meat and Marginal Cases 1. Do you agree that Fred acts immorally in the case that Norcross describes? If so, what exactly is it about Fred’s behavior that is morally objectionable? If not, why not? 2. Some might claim that eating meat from factory farms is relevantly different from Fred’s behavior. Why is Fred’s case different (or worse) than our eating meat produced by factory farming practices? ⚫ Robert Nozick: The Experience Machine 1. Nozick suggests that most people would choose not to plug in to an experience machine if given the opportunity. Would you plug in? why or why not? 2. One reason Nozick gives for not getting into the experience machine is that “we want to do certain things, and not just have the experience of doing them.” Do some activities have value independently of the experience they produce? If so, what is an example of such an activity? ⚫ Judith Jarvis Thomson: A Defense of Abortion 1. Thomson claims that the notion of a ‘right to life’ cannot be interpreted as a right to “the bare minimum one needs for continued life.” Why does she claim this? What, according to Thomson, does having a right to life amount to? Do you agree with her about this? 2. Why doesn’t Thomson think that abortion always involves unjust killing? What does the justice of abortion depend on, according to Thomson? Do you agree with Thomson’s argument or not? ...
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Tutor Answer

NicholasI
School: Duke University

Hi, kindly find attached

Running head: A DEFENSE OF ABORTION

1

A Defense of Abortion
Student’s Name
Institution
Date

A DEFENSE OF ABORTION

2
Introduction

The issue of abortion has raised many debates over whether it is morally right or wrong
for a woman to abort an unborn child under any circumstance (Mahon, 2016). In this paper, I
will be writing about Judith Jarvis Thomson’s article “A Defense of Abortion” which I strongly
agree with. There are various reasons why I am for this argument and support Thomson’s view
and arguments for abortion. Thomson argues that abortion is not impermissible; it is permissible
under some circumstances. She uses several scenarios to construct, explain and support her
argument. Most of the arguments that people hold for or against abortion are generally
incomplete or misguided, and thus it is important for them to rethink the issue and consider
various circumstances in order to make moral decisions, which are supported by reasonable facts
and a deeper understanding of the matter, not just opposing abortion without any reasonable
grounds or facts for doing so.
Relevance
Abortion is a highly controversial area that has been debated over and over again in
society at various levels and from multiple perspectives including the r...

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Anonymous
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