philosophy easy

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Hey, this is philosophy easy

all the rule and question its inside. just follow up and thank you so much :)

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2nd Paper Assignment Instructions: Write a 2-3 page paper answering one of essay topics below. The rough draft will be due on in class on Wednesday October 24. It will be graded based on completion. I must have a paper copy by that day. No late rough drafts will be accepted. The final draft is due on Wednesday Monday November 5 by midnight and on Canvas. The paper will be marked down an additional 3 points for each class section that it is late. 1) What makes a person’s life go well? Is the experience of happiness ultimately the only thing that matters as Bentham and Mill seem to think or does a connection to reality also matter as Nozick thinks? Be sure to discuss Nozick’s Experience Machine and the reason why it is seen as a problem for hedonistic theories like Bentham and Mill’s. 2) Can utilitarians provide an adequate account of rights? That is, can they make sense of the idea that we cannot, say, violate a person’s right to free speech or right to life even if doing so would bring about the greatest amount happiness for the greatest amount of people? Or do utilitarians ultimately have to say, with Bentham, that talk of ‘inalienable rights’ is ‘nonsense on stilts’ in order to remain consistent with their ethical theory? • Use Ursula LeGuin’s story, “The Ones Who Walked Away From Omelas” to illustrate the problem. • Explain the distinction between act and rule utilitarianism and its significance to the debate. • Address some of the problems typically associated with rule utilitarianism. 3) Peter Singer claims that spending money on luxury goods is like not saving a child drowning in a pond in all morally relevant respects. Since the latter is clearly immoral, so too is spending money on luxury goods. Explain and critically evaluate Singer’s argument. Do you find it convincing? If not, why not and what do you think those of us in the affluent parts of the world owe those in more impoverished parts? 4) In chapter 2 of the Groundwork, Kant tries to derive the Formula of Universal Law (i.e. Act only on that maxim which you can at the same time will to be a universal law) from the reflection on the very concept of a rational agent. Reconstruct and critically evaluate his argument. 5) You are free to come up with a topic of your choosing but you must run it by me first. Format: The paper must be typed, double spaced with 1 inch margins and 11-12 pt. font, stapled, and submitted to me by the beginning of class on the dates specified. E-mailed papers will not be accepted. Grading Rubric Checklist: Before turning in your final drafts, print out the grading rubric from eCompanion, assess yourself according to each category, and staple your assessment to your final draft. Do not wait until the last minute to complete this step as you may find that you need to make some adjustments to fit the criteria! Late policy: Late papers will be docked 1/3 grade for each class session that they are late. Plagiarism: If you plagiarize any portion of your paper, you will receive an automatic F and will be reported to the administration. Evaluative criteria: Note: The criteria you will be assessed on are the hallmarks of good philosophical writing and are extremely difficult to achieve. Doing so will require revising your paper a number of times. The final draft that you turn in should really be your third or fourth draft. Organization, Clarity and Concision (40%) When developing a complex philosophical position, effective organization is essential. Your paper should begin with a brief introduction that includes a clear, easily identifiable thesis statement as well a a roadmap in which you explain how you will clarify and defend your thesis. When reading your paper, it should be clear at all times how your claims relate to your thesis. Think of a thesis paper as a thesis-driven paper—everything that you include and every organizational decision that you make is in service of clarifying and defending your thesis. The body of your paragraph should include section titles. Each paragraph in the body of your essay should begin with a topic sentence. Your topic sentence is the main point you are trying to make in your paragraph. You can think of it as a mini-thesis for the paragraph. Each paragraph in the body of your essay should end with a concluding sentence. Your concluding sentence summarizes the main point you made in your paragraph. You can think of it as the take-away message for the paragraph. Concluding sentences give your reader a sense of closure when they reach the end of the paragraph. Example of a paragraph with a topic and concluding sentence: “Canada is one of the best countries in the world for three reasons. First, Canada has an excellent health care system. All Canadians have access to medical services at reasonable prices. Second, Canada has a high standard of education. Students are taught by well-trained teachers and are encouraged to continue studying at university. Finally, Canada's cities are clean and efficiently managed. Canadian cities have many parks and lots of space for people to live. In short, Canada is a desirable place to live.” Your paper should include a conclusion in which you briefly restate your thesis, summarize what you did, and point out weaknesses in your approach. Your prose should be clear. That is, your reader should have no difficulty understanding you. One effective strategy for ensuring this involves giving your paper to a friend to read. If they can follow your discussion from start to finish, even without knowing anything about your topic, then your paper is likely clear and well-organized. Finally, your discussion should be concise. One of the key skills involved in this paper is determining what is necessary to convey the argument, and what is not. As much as possible, limit the scope of your discussion to what is necessary to answer the question asked. That being said, it is entirely possible to include too little in your discussion—make sure that you have completely answered the question. You might feel like you are repeating yourself somewhat— this is not necessarily a problem for philosophical writing. Accuracy (20%): Your discussion should accurately describe the views relevant to the topic you choose. Argument Strength (15%): You should make sure that your conclusion(s) actually follows from your premises. Although your premises need not be true (that’s too much to ask), they shouldn’t obviously be false. You should also make sure that your reader can easily identify your premises and conclusion(s). To do so, you can either present your argument (s) in numbered premise form or skillfully employ premise and conclusion indicators. Critical Comparison (10%): The central points of agreement and/or difference between all views discussed (including your own) are made explicit. Considers and Responds to Objections (15%): After you have presented your argument, assume that your reader disagrees with you, and that he/she has at least one reason for disagreeing. Devote at least one section of your paper to an objection. In that section, you should explain the objection in the best light possible and then respond to it. You can title this section “Objection (s)” or use a more informative title. Grading Rubric for Thesis Papers % Possible Introduction Organization, Clarity, and Concision Argument Strength Accuracy Critical Comparison Considers Objections Conclusion Presents a single, clear thesis Clearly, concisely, and accurately explains the organization of paper Key philosophical terms are clearly defined and used consistently Each body paragraph has a topic sentence and addresses only that topic Each body paragraph has a concluding sentence. Good transitions between paragraphs Uses examples to illustrate difficult concepts Paper is free of awkward prose and spelling/grammatical errors. Ideas are clearly and logically organized. Transitional words and phrases clearly show how the ideas contained in different paragraphs are related. Discussion is free of irrelevant content, including redundancy The conclusion follows from the premises. The premises are plausible. Premises and conclusions are easily identifiable because either arguments have been presented in numbered premise form or the author skillfully uses argument indicators All theories are correctly described and accurately attributed to their authors. Quotations are analyzed and explained well Key concepts are used correctly throughout the paper. Descriptions are thorough, capturing all premises of key arguments. The central points of agreement and/or difference between all views discussed are made explicit. Presents strong objections to one’s argument(s) in the best light possible Offers (a) convincing response(s) Briefly summarizes what happened in the paper Highlights most interesting points 10% 25% 15% 20% 10% 15% 5% % Earned ...
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