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Question Description

1. Fully describe the five types of evaluations Perrin characterizes “as the most common types of evaluations” used to improve program effectiveness. What kinds of questions need to be

explored for each kind of evaluation? When (at what point in the evaluation process) is each kind of evaluation used?

2. If we were trying to set up a program to monitor screening processes for an ongoing screening process for the ZIKA virus in U.S. hospitals, which two kinds of evaluation, according to information contained in Perrin, would tend to yield the best assessment of ongoing success of the program?Why would this be the case? Explain your answer in detail.

3. Name and explain Perrin’s six “Social Determinants of Health”.Would Goodman and the authors of Healthy People 2020 agree or disagree with Perrin’s choice of “determinants”? Why or why not?Give two specific examples from Goodman and HP 2020 for each of Perrin’s six “Determinants”. (12 examples total).

4.Explain the difference between external and internal validity in testing. Which kind of validity is most important to field health studies and why? Briefly name and explain the four types of internal validity. Pick two possible threats to internal validity and explain why these would be problematic to a long-term, 5-10 year field research study we were conducting in the DeKalb County community.

1. At least one full page must be written in response to EACH question. Start at the top of the page

when beginning or continuing each Essay.

2. Be sure to note which Essay (by number) you are writing.Do not include the question again.

3. Essays must be typed in Times New Roman font only, in 12-point font only.

4. Each Essay must include at minimum ONE FULL PAGE of information, written in good

English (no texting or abbreviations, for instance).

5. If you have individual paragraphs in the same Essay, indicate these by just indenting the first line

of the paragraph five spaces.

6. No “lists” or bullet-points of information will be accepted in place of, or in addition to the

Essay form response—information is to be presented in narrative form ONLY.

7. Each Essay will have margins no larger than one (1) inch—top, bottom, and sides.

8. Each Essay’s font may NOT be bolded.

9. Essays may not include charts or graphs (Essay explanation ONLY).

10. Essays are to be constructed in WORD format only (no pdf or other format besides WORD will

be accepted).

Tutor Answer

School: New York University




Evaluation and Research
Student’s Name
Instructor’s Name
University Affiliation



Evaluation and research
Question 1; Five Types of Evaluation

Formative Evaluation; this type evaluates takes place at the development stage to make

the necessary adjustments the process. It is essential in redefining or improving the program,
and it is ordinarily essential when coming up with a new program (Schlereth, Eckert, Schaaf
& Skiera, 2014). Several questions can be asked in regards to this type of evolution e.g.
which is the best strategies to use with the particular program?

Summative; this is the evaluation strategy or approach that explains the success of the

program. Summative evaluation is usually carried out when the program designing process is
done. It usually is essential in deciding whether to carry on with the program or terminate it.
The question asked, in this case, is as to whether the program is worth financing.

Process; this is evaluating whether the implementation complies with the program plan.

It also evaluates the efficiency of the program delivery services. One of the questions that
could be asked in this stage or type of evaluation is, did the program attain the intended

Outcome; this is the evaluation type that deals mainly with the results or products of the

program. This measures whether the program has a strong implication on the participants.
The question that should be asked here is as to whether the participants observed the long and
short-term results.

Impact; this is the final type of evaluation, and it focuses on evaluating the long-term

results of the program whether negative or positive. The question that should be asked in this
case is, what i...

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