Research paper minimum 3 pages, 8-10 annotations, please include references in APA format

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Question Description

Assignment Description

In this assignment, you will create an annotated bibliography about crime prevention research and initiatives aimed at reducing juvenile delinquency and subsequent adult criminal behavior. You will continue to utilize the research developed in the annotated bibliography as you prepare for the assignments in Units 4 and 5.

What is an annotated bibliography?

This is a bibliography that includes brief explanations or notes for each reference. An annotated bibliography helps the researcher determine which sources are relevant to a line of inquiry. This determination is based on a summary of the work, an evaluation of its credibility, and its applicability to what you are specifically writing about. Each annotation should be between 100–150 words.

Visit and read examples from the recommended resources that the CTU Library provides about the annotated bibliography:

Examples of topics to search:

  • Articles on juvenile delinquency and its causes
  • Articles on theory that address juvenile delinquency
  • Government or nonadvocate, nonprofit organization Web pages for statistics
  • Peer-reviewed articles and academic journal articles

What are peer-reviewed references?

Peer-reviewed references are those documents that have been written and subsequently reviewed by experts or scholars in a specific field. Examples in criminology and criminal justice include: Criminology, the Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, and Justice Quarterly. Do not use an article that is more than 5–7 years old unless it is considered foundational in the field.

Annotations Versus Abstracts

Abstracts are the purely descriptive summaries often found at the beginning of scholarly journal articles or in periodical indexes. Annotations are descriptive and critical; they expose the author's point of view, clarity, and appropriateness of expression and authority.

Assignment Guidelines

  • First, search for books, periodicals, and information related to your topic of study. Take your time to look them over and see what the authors are describing in their work, and then make a decision on which material would have the most impact upon your paper.
  • Select a minimum of 10–15 sources that you will use for your annotated bibliography.
  • For each selected source, complete the following:
    • Make an APA reference for the material.
    • Write a brief description that summarizes the central theme of the material.
      • Evaluate the credibility of the source, comment on the intended audience, compare or contrast this work with other sources that you have referenced, and explain how this work relates to your topic.
  • All references should be in APA style.


Cornell University Library. (2017). How to prepare an annotated bibliography: The annotated bibliography. Retrieved from

Purdue OWL. (2017). Annotated bibliography samples. Purdue online writing lab. Retrieved from

Tutor Answer

School: New York University


Crime Prevention and Juvenile Delinquency

1. Ellis, H. (2012). Editor's Introduction: Juvenile Delinquency, Modernity, and the
State. Social Justice, 38(4 (126), 1-10.
2. Schepers, D. (2017). Causes of the causes of juvenile delinquency: Social
disadvantages in the context of Situational Action Theory. European journal of
criminology, 14(2), 143-159.
3. Thompson, K. C., & Morris, R. J. (2016). Theories of Juvenile Delinquency. In
Juvenile Delinquency and Disability (pp. 41-53). Springer, Cham.
4. Cuervo, K., Villanueva, L., González, F., Carrión, C., & Busquets, P. (2015).
Characteristics of young offenders depending on the type of crime. Psychosocial
Intervention, 24(1), 9-15.
5. Reckless, W. C., & Dinitz, S. (2012). Prevention of juvenile delinquency: an
experiment. The Ohio State University Press.
6. Sander, J. B., Patall, E. A., Amoscato, L. A., Fisher, A. L., & Funk, C. (2012). A
meta-analysis of the effect of juvenile delinquency interventions on academic
outcomes. Children and Youth Services Review, 34(9), 1695-1708.
7. Young, S., Greer, B., & Church, R. (2017). Juvenile delinquency, welfare, justice,
and therapeutic interventions: a global perspective. BJPsych bulletin, 41(1), 21-29.
8. Crowley, D. M. (2013). Building efficient crime prevention strategies: Considering
the economics of investing in human development. Criminology & public policy,
12(2), 353-366.


Crime Prevention and Juvenile Delinquency




Crime Prevention and Juvenile Delinquency
Ellis, H. (2012). Editor's Introduction: Juvenile Delinquency, Modernity, and the State.
Social Justice, 38(4 (126), 1-10.
Ellis' article gives an introduction to the concept of juvenile delinquency. The article
critically examines the meaning of juvenile delinquency in the legal field. The author also
defines juvenile delinquency as a criminal offense that is committed by a minor; for example, a
thief bel...

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Tutor went the extra mile to help me with this essay. Citations were a bit shaky but I appreciated how well he handled APA styles and how ok he was to change them even though I didnt specify. Got a B+ which is believable and acceptable.

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