Running head: BIOLOGY
Eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells
Cells accomplish their functions through the coordination of other organelles. This is the
basic unit of life whereby activities are carried out by organelles. Just like a human body has
organs which are coordinated to perform activities, the cell has organelles that are membranebound. These are responsible for all the processes within a cell. Hence require balancing for
All organism is made up of cells which contain the inheritable genetic material. They
transcribe DNA to RNA and translate it to proteins in ribosomes (Urry et al, 2017). They
regulate transport across cell membrane hence require chemical energy for such cellular
processes. Structurally, eukaryotic cells are larger than prokaryotic cells. Prokaryotic cells are
simple in nature with fewer organelles unlike eukaryotic cells. Eukaryotic cells contain
membrane-bound organelles including a nucleus. Prokaryotic cells do not contain a nucleus nor
any membrane-bound organelles. Organelles are responsible for organizing activities that are
carried out in a cell. Therefore, for eukaryotic cells, the functions of all organelles have to be
organized in addition to compartmentalization.
Role of organelles
Organelles perform a specific function that is crucial to the survival of cells. The internal
composition of eukaryotic cells is made up of a nucleus, organelles which are bound by a
membrane and chromosomes which resemble rods (Stubbs, Suleyman and Horton-Szar, 2014).
The nucleus has the DNA of the cell and is responsible for the manufacturing of proteins and
ribosomes. The mitochondria o...