Port Maritime Legislation/Initiatives With 350 Words and Two Responses With 150 Words

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Question Description

Please respond to the Forum questions listed below. You are expected to give complete answers referring to what you have read in the "Lessons"(reading & resources). Reference to, or the use of critical thinking, analysis, what you have learned in previous courses, the media, and in your professional lives is also expected. Define the subject; make references to what you have read, what you have learned elsewhere, and then form a response.


Instructions: Your initial post should be at least 350 words. Please respond to a least 2 other students. Response should be a minimum of 150 words and include direct questions. When addressing the topic questions, you are to state the question followed by your response. Do this for each question posed.

1) Describe the following and discuss how they enhance port maritime operations?

a) The SMART Port Security Legislation.
b) The SAFE Port Act.
c) The Small Vessel Security Strategy.

d) The Maritime Transportation Security Act.

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Responses to Question Student 1 Hello everyone, Just as we saw with border security improvements and more thorough examinations after 9/11, the same occurred with the port security as well. The implementation of the SMART port security legislation in 2012 was built of the original SAFE port security Act of 2006. The SMART port security allowed for a more risk evaluation system in order to better monitor for hazardous cargo being delivered to US ports (Sayago, 2012). Instead of trying to search the thousands of containers that arrived on a daily basis it is more feasible to quickly use technology that can search them faster and really be more intrusive on shipments from known possible threat countries or though other intelligence gathering. The act also incorporated a further collaboration of resources and information between all Homeland Security organizations such as Border Patrol, Customs, and the United States Coast Guard. The original SAFE act created in 2006 was created to further deter any terrorist actions within the United States. It added more security measures such as , Unannounced inspections of maritime facilities, random searches of containers, and created a Domestic Nuclear Detection Office (Nolan, 2013). It also assisted in allocation of funds to increase the ports infrastructure with new technology and resources. It also became clear that small vessels could pose a great threat to the US. In 2008 the creation of the Small Vessel Security Strategy helped to mitigate this threat. The smaller boats are readily available and can easily be used to haul contraband or become an explosive weapon. The size allows them to gain access to channels and other smaller waterways making their way inland much easier. The strategy is simply a weave of multiple security strategies in order to better detect any small vessel threat. In 2002 The Maritime Transportation Security act was implemented by President Bush. This was the act that required the ports to have more strict plans in place to mitigate further terrorist activities. Once again the need for heightened security after such a large attack warranted the revamp of all security measures within the nation. -Josh Department of Homeland Security authors,2008, Small Vessel Security Strategy, Department of Homeland Security Nolan, C., 2013, The Rubiks Cube of Cargo Security, The Briefe, Vol. 42, Iss. 2 Sayago, E., 2012, House Passes SMART Port Security Act, Congressional Documents and Publications, Student 2 By: Cierra Stanko Describe the following and discuss how they enhance port maritime operations? a) The SMART Port Security Legislation. The Congressional Subcommittee in 2012 passed the Securing Maritime Activities through Risk Based Targeting for Port Security Act which is also known as SMART Port Act Legislation. The primary purpose of the legislation was to enhance and promote risk-based security measures. Through these measures, agents work towards preventing threats entering into the United States as well as strengthening the relationship between Customs and Border Protection and the US Coast Guard. With this legislation, both of these entities must share their resources while collaborating with each other in regards to maritime operations. Also, another aspect of this legislation is enhancing and promoting risk assessments that will prevent access to the United States by the nation’s adversaries. b) The SAFE Port Act. The SAFE Port Act of 2006 strengthened the ability of the government to protect the nation’s seaports and maritime commerce from any type of attack by terrorists. The act arranged for certain programs such as Container Security Initiative (CSI) and Customs Trade Partnership against Terrorism (C-TPAT) to be created that would improve port security. These initiatives that were created allowed for a more effected operation in the maritime environment. c) The Small Vessel Security Strategy. The Small Vessel Security Strategy of 2008 assists United States authorities with minimizing the risks that are posed by small vessels in the maritime environment. The priority is to establish a framework that uses a layered approached while developing close relationships with the community of small vessels throughout the public and private sectors. The Department of Homeland Security will be the entity to promote cooperation, full awareness, and the detection technology that will be able to pick up on the small vessels who may be posing a threat to the port and to the United States. d) The Maritime Transportation Security Act. The Maritime Transportation Security Act or MTSA was signed into law by President Bush in 2002 during the aftermath of September 11th, 2001. The purpose of this act was to increase the security at all the nations seaports. The act is carried out by requiring a comprehensive security plan for the United States ports while having a mandated identification and screening of seaport personnel program. The MTSA enhanced maritime operations specifically by incorporating a Facility Security Officer who is responsible for the security of the entire port and ensures that all regulations are being followed as required. References: Singla, S. (2016, July 21). What is Container Security Initiative (CSI) and how does it Work? Retrieved from https://www.marineinsight.com/marine-safety/what-is-container-securityinitiative-csi-and-how-does-it-work/ Shapiro (n.d.). What you need to know about Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism CTPAT. Retrieved from https://www.shapiro.com/resources/what-you-need-to-knowabout-customs-trade-partnership-against-terrorism-c-tpat/ ...
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Tutor Answer

Doctor_Ralph
School: UC Berkeley

Attached.

Port Maritime Legislation/Initiatives Responses
Student 1
Hello Josh,
The policies discussed in this forum were indeed established as a response to the 9/11
threat and similar ones that the US faces in the current decade. As can be noted, their
implementation of these policies begun shortly after the 9/11 attack and others extended as
late as 2012. For instance, the SAFE Port Security Legislation was established in 2012 as a
way to enhance collaboration between domestic agencies as well as between DHS and foreign
nations so as to curb threats long before they hit the border (Taylor & Walker, 2012). While
the four policies focus on enhancing collaboration and integrate other advanced surveillance
measures such as the use of technology, others such as the Small Vessel Security Strategy
sought to promote collaboration with the community while Maritime Transportation Security
Act also provided for additional controls and establishment of restricted areas.
Reference
Taylor, R. M., & Walker, L. O. (2012). Border security and illegal immigration enforcement.
New York: Nova Science Publishers.

Student 2
Hello Cierra,
The SAFE Port Security Legislation and the rest of the policies in this discussion post
all seek to enhance maritime security. Ho...

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