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answer the questions in the file, each question need to have at least 200 words. This class is a survey of European history from the beginning of Western Civilization until approximately 1648.

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How did early Byzantine society and culture see itself as a continuation of Rome? To what extent was it? And to what extent was it not? What are the origins of Islam? What was the immediate context for the rise of Islam? And what were the religious beliefs of early Islam? Be sure to lay out the early history of Islam as discussed in class. How did the Anglo-Saxons become the English people? In answering this question, be sure to give the larger historical context as we discussed in class from the end of Roman Britain to King Alfred. Be sure to include a discussion of Beowulf as a reflection of Anglo-Saxon culture. How did the Carolingians come to power? And what was it about Charlemagne that made him the prototypical medieval king? Be sure to outline the larger history of the Carolingians as discussed in class. Be sure to discuss how Dhuoda’s Handbook for William reflects Carolingian culture of its time. From the 9th through the 12th century, there was a reform movement within the Church that ultimately led to the Investiture Crisis. What was the larger historical context of the Crisis and what was the ultimate outcome of it? How did England become a strong and relatively centralized kingdom? Be sure to consider the larger scope of English history from the Norman Conquest through the early development of Parliament and English Constitutionalism. How was France transformed from a kingdom of the Franks to the Kingdom of France? And how did the Papacy try to strengthen itself in response? Who ultimately won this competition for secular power? The King or Pope? In many ways, the Black Death and Hundred Years War mark the end of the Middle Ages. In what ways did the two events destabilize medieval society and culture? In other words, how did they help to lead to the end of the Middle Ages? ...
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MrMark
School: University of Virginia

Hello! Find attached.Regards

Running Head: EUROPEAN HISTORY

1

Survey of the European history
Name
Institutional affiliation

EUROPEAN HISTORY

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Survey of the European history

Question 1: Early Byzantine society
The early Byzantine society existed between the 4th and 15th century closely after the
Roman Empire. The society, however, had close relations with Rome due to the level of
influence of the Roman Empire to the region at the time. Their relationship was based on the
social structure that governed the economy, social law as well as the politics of the day. For
instance, the two societies shared a dominant ideology in governance and social structure,
aristocracy. In context, therefore, the society was divided into two groups of people, the
privileged who denoted the rich and therefore the leaders of the society and the humble who
denoted the commoners and the governed in the society. Both of the societies has an even
lower class of individuals as slaves. Nonetheless, the relationship was divergent in the form
of religion adopted by the two societies (Treadgold, 1997). The Roman Empire was
polytheistic in nature as they conquered other territories they refrained from religious
conversions. On the other hand, the Byzantine society was monotheistic society. This
differences in the social organization of religion provided a difference in governance as
religion played a large proportion of social organization structure and governance.
Question 2: Origin of Islam
The origin of Islam is traced back to the sixth century in Mecca by the birth of
Muhammad and Islamic prophet in the year 570 to the family of Quraysh. The religion itself
was inspired after Muhammad received Divine revelations through angel Gabriel a revelation
that would form the basis of the Quran. The context of the origin story is based on a violent
society as Mohammad proclaimed a strict monotheistic faith and influenced his followers to
warn the society of the impending judgment day. Due to the increased opposition he met in
Mecca, violence broke after his uncle Abu Talib who was very instrumental in maintaining

EUROPEAN HISTORY

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order. Soon after, he and his followers would take the fight to medina that is denoted to be the
beginning of the Islamic era. Contextually, Islam draws relevance in close relations to
Christian and Judaism as part of the spiritual reference point (Thomson, 1986). The early
belief syst...

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Anonymous
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