This is my previous assignment. The content should stay the same but the wording must be changed completely. however my references can STAY
The assignment is two sections and word count is besides it
Section 1: The Learner’s Growth (800 Words)
Within the world today, individuals are circulated around various cultural and social settings, which may affect their ability to successfully, learn and develop.’ In saying this, there are a range of factors that are associated with a students access to an education depending on their cultural, social and economic background, more specifically, “the interaction of family, school and community factors (Woolfolk, A, Margett, K. 2013). Australia is known for multiculturalism and thus Australian schools have developed diverse cultures and languages leading school communities to encompass a sense of unity and acceptance of culturally different background no matter the circumstances. Multiculturalism is built on equal educational opportunities and the celebration of cultural difference (Woolfolk, A, Margett, K. 2013). Therefore, multiculturalism within schools is strongly advised, as teachers and peers should acknowledge diverse learners with different cultural and linguistic upbringings. In the classroom, language is a crucial part for a child’s learning hence those who classify English as a second language are entitled to assistance. In order to show support for students who have English as a second language, schools can provide language development programs where an English specialist can assist students to improve their communication skills and thus succeed within their schooling experience. During my high school experience, multiculturalism was evident in that there were a mixed of nationalities such as Lebanese, Italian, Asian, Greeks, Indian and many others. To offer support, the school offered language programs, which was known as LEC (Learning enhancement centre) where students were taken out of class for additional help. More specifically, during HSC exams, my school offered a translator to assist students who had English as a second language to interpret areas where they struggled to ensure academic achievement was reached.
Socioeconomic status in regards to their financial background plays a vital role in the outcome of a student’s education. According to research, “Socioeconomic status can be defined as a persons overall social position to which attainments in both the social and economic domain contribute” (Ainley et al., 1995:ix) which further proves that a students socioeconomic status is determined by their income levels, living conditions and parental occupation all of which that can impact their educational development. Moreover, growing up in a “socially advantaged” area further improved my ability to develop and grow within my learning, as I was introduced to a range of resources that were accessible in order to ensure a better understanding of the learning topics and achieve academic success such as tutors, libraries, technology (laptops) and textbooks. Following on, I chose to learn Auslan Sign language, as it would be a great asset and skill to practice for my future classroom. The idea of learning sign language was intriguing as it provided a challenging but fun experience to learn how to visually communicate using hand gestures. The Auslan alphabet consists of 26 gestures for the 26 letters of the English alphabet. Throughout the process of learning sign language, my family friends and resources were able to help and provide positive encouragement to continue after several doubtful moments. From this, I developed greater self-confidence that id learn the skill as I was seeing minor improvements each day.
Continuing on, family plays a major role in a child’s learning and development. The relationship between a parent and their child is vital as the outcome of a child’s academic performance and behaviour is dependent on the parent’s ability to discipline their children to ultimately encourage them to actively engage within their learning. As stated by Woolfolk, “authoritative parenting that is firm and demanding, and encompass high levels of emotional support, develops higher academic achievement in students (Woolfolk, A, Margett, K. 2013). This level of support and discipline was evident throughout my life as my parents and peers always encouraged me to strive for my best and through the marks and achievements I received during high school further proves that parental guidance and involvement in a students education can contribute and make a difference to ones learning developments. Through learning the Auslan sigh language, I had self-doubts in not being able to recount the entire alphabet although, through motivational talks from my parents I was able to keep a positive mindset and in the end, the goal had been reached.
Cognitive development refers to the thought processes and decision making made by the individual whereas physical development indicates the changes that the body experiences and due to these changes, the matters of maturation are affected within the development process. Moreover, the three main notions of development are, “people develop at different rates, development is relatively orderly and development takes place gradually” (Woolfolk, A, Margett, K. 2013). Individuals whom develop at different rates whether it is physically or intellectually, both genders have potential. Both girls and boys encompass motor skills although it is known that boys develop theirs at a faster rate. In saying this, motor skills development can be identified within the Auslan sign language, as sign language requires the individual to make body movements at a specific pace all of which are dependent on the brains ability to function and maturation state. Through growing up with developed motor skills, I was able to effectively learn the skill as my brain had been familiarised with the regular functioning of the body. It is known that all learning and development.
According to facts, “all behaviour, from learning and memory to controlling our moods and emotions, is mediated through the brain” (Levitt, 2007) which further suggests that one can successfully develop in their learning abilities depending on the way in which the brain is engaged. Moreover, the human brain is made up of various functioning levels and parts, which can either stimulate a students learning development or limit their progress. In saying this, it is known that a female’s mindset is likely to be more academically established than males, as females can comprehend ideas earlier, whereas males are recognised to surpass in practical based subjects such as science, mathematics and physical education. When learning the Auslan sign language, I was constantly practicing as I was determined to reach my end goal. During this experience, I challenged my elder brother to learn the Auslan language however, I was able to progress the concept quicker, essentially proving that a female’s brain withholds a substantial development capacity in comparison to males.
Cognitive development is recognised as the concepts found within existing information. With reference to Piaget’s theory, ones thinking processes can shift significantly from the birth stage and beyond, as individuals are continuously determined to comprehend the world around them. According to Piaget theory, as discussed in lectures, it was identified that through the four elements of biological maturation, activity, social experience and equilibration all have the power to influence our changes in thinking (Piaget, 1970). Once physical maturation comes into play there’s an increase in ones ability to develop within the environmental teachings, which enables individuals to cooperate with others. Throughout learning this skill, I gained confidence in my ability to effectively engage with others and show my understanding in order to attain effective feedback
Section 2: Relationship Of Learning Theories (500 Words)
In the classroom, students display a range of strengths and weaknesses in relation to their capabilities; skills and areas where further assistance is required. In saying this, diverse learners will always be present in the classroom and with that, these learners will showcase different needs. The concept of understanding learner’s different needs is evident within my learning skill. Furthermore, teaching myself the Auslan sign language alphabet allowed for an opportunity to apply this skill in my future classroom to ultimately cater and help the handicap, as they need different approaches to their learning in comparison to those who aren’t deaf in order to successfully gain an education. With reference to Gardner’s ‘theory of multiple intelligences’, it states various intelligences that interlink with ones learning outcome, “logical-mathematical, linguistic, musical, spatial, bodily-kinesthetic, interpersonal, naturalist and existential (Gardner, 2010). ” Through Gardner’s perspective, he highlights that even though there are different types of intelligences suited to diverse learners, it’s not expected that a student will understand or be able to perform the skill at first attempt. However, Gardner also emphasises that it is acceptable for an individual to only be able to succeed in one or two of the intelligences, as it may be a challenge. Similarly, reflecting upon my learning of the Auslan language, I believe that I’ve obtained both interpersonal and intrapersonal intelligences as I have the ability to ‘respond appropriately’ to deaf people.
Throughout the process of studying this skill, cognitive learning had a major part within my experience. During the process of learning the alphabet in sign language there were times that were challenging however, my existing skill of having a good memory from high school enabled myself to learn at a faster pace. In order to confirm that the Auslan alphabet was embedded into my mind, I used the strategy of fingerspelling, which is the process of spelling words using hand movements, this strategy was difficult to grasp at first, although in the end, made a difference in my ability to recall the alphabet. As well as fingerspelling, I also did ongoing practice in front of a mirror and family members to ensure that I was demonstrating the alphabet correctly from a different perspective. Overtime, through several attempts, major improvements were evident in learning the skill. According to Craik & Lockhart’s ‘the strength of a memory trace depends upon the quality of processing, or rehearsal, of a stimulus’ (Craik & Lockhart, 1972). In other words, the more that one thinks about something, the more chance they have of obtaining that knowledge.
Following on, social constructivism refers to “the importance of collaboration and the role that social interaction and social processes play in creating knowledge (Vygotsky, 1962). The following theory interrelates to my personal experience as I worked with someone who was deaf and they would communicate basic sign language such as “hello” or “thank you”. From having these encounters, it further helped me in perfecting the skill, as I was able to practice in real life situations.