GUIDELINES FOR PUBLIC SPEAKING
OUTLINES AND WORKS CITED
Your outline is VERY important. The outline for your informative speech must be a FORMAL outline.
This means complete sentences and appropriate structure. Be mindful of the grammar and syntax of
You must submit your outline via Blackboard by the assigned due date. It must You are required to you
MLA format for internal citations and works cited list.
IF YOUR OUTLINE AND WORKS CITED IS NOT SUBMITTED BEFORE YOUR NAME IS
CALLED TO GIVE YOUR SPEECH, YOU WILL RECEIVE A ZERO (0)!!
1. If you are not prepared to deliver your speech ON THE DAY OF YOU’VE BEEN ASSIGNED, you
WILL receive a ZERO (0)!!
2. ALL visual aids must be cleared with me in advance. If your visual aid is not pre-approved, I will not
allow you to use it in your speech. Also, ask yourself whether the visual aid will add to your speech. If
not, there is no reason that you should incorporate it into your speech.
1. The MINIMUM number of sources required for your informative speech is 3. My recommendation is 3 5 sources. Each of the sources you use must be cited out loud during the delivery of your speech.
2. Your evidence must come from a variety of sources. Refereed Journals, Newspapers, magazines, and
credible websites are appropriate.
3. YOU CAN LOSE UP TO 15 POINTS IF YOU DO NOT CITE SOURCES.
This criterion is listed
under the "knowledge of topic" portion of the critique sheet.
Your speech should be between 4 and 7 minutes long.
If you do not speak for the minimum 4 minutes, you will lose 5 points for every thirty (30) seconds
under the minimum.
3. You will also be penalized 5 points for every thirty (30) seconds you go over the 7 minute maximum.
You are allowed to use up to three (3) 3x5 index cards. These cards may contain a key word outline of
your speech, and can have writing on only one side. If you have written out your speech on the note
cards, you will not be allowed to use them.
Although there are only 15 points devoted to delivery on the critique sheet, it is still important to keep in
mind that a strong, well prepared delivery will increase credibility and help keep your audience's
attention, as well as mine. Don’t forget, it is very important to practice your speech out loud (at least
three times) before you come into class.
Audience interference constitutes a 10 point reduction from your own speech grade. (Talking, texting,
walking in late, or anything that is not giving your full attention to the speaker.)
Be sure to demonstrate familiarity and passion about your topic. Keep in mind this speech should
increase your audience’s knowledge base.
Determine how you can relate your topic to this specific audience. Make those connections explicit in
Keep in mind that every choice we make is indicative of our effort to persuade. To maintain a distinction
between informative and persuasive speaking, do not advocate attitudinal or behavioral change.
Example of a Thesis Statement
Today, in the next few moments, we can gain a better understanding of iatrogenics by first, examining the
history of this procedure, second, taking a look at how the procedure is done, and finally discovering some
future implications of this process.
Examples of Transitions
We must begin our examination of iatrogenics by gaining a better understanding of the history behind this
Now that we are aware that the history of iatrogenics has been important, let us now turn to exactly how the
iatrogenic procedure is done.
Knowing the brief history and procedure of iatrogenics, we can now look at how this new technology will
impact the future.
The Legality of Same-Sex Marriage
A. Attention Getter: Quote
● It is clear...from recent decisions by the federal courts concerning civil rights (with the usual
sub-text that gay people should have none), that those who take anti-gay positions are not
really talking about civil rights at all. Something else is present beneath the arguments, some
deeper view or gut reaction or obsession in much of the talk about gay people and our rights.
Rather than join in the farrago of legalisms about civil rights, I would like to try to get at that
"something else" (Wolfson 21).
B. Reason to Listen:
● How many of you in this room are married, or have considered getting married. Have you ever
had to worry about that right being taken away from you?
● In the next few moments, we can gain a better understanding of the legality of same-sex
marriage by first, examining an historical view of same-sex marriage, second looking at samesex marriage from an analytical perspective and finally outlining current legal struggles with
regard to same-sex marriage.
(TRANS: Let's begin by examining the history of same-sex marriage.)
A. By beginning with an historical view of same-sex marriage, we can gain a better understanding of
the foundation on which current struggles are based.
1. Beginning with the Medieval Era, same-sex marriages were recognized by some.
2. The Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) effects same-sex marriage in a negative way.
Synopsis of Legal Marriage Alliance's (LMA) explanation of DOMA (LMA 2).
B. At this point, we can continue advancing our understanding by now using an analytical approach to
1. Scholars have begun to question whether gay and lesbian individuals should be considered a
2. According to an article in Argumentation and Advocacy,
Some of the leading formalistic criteria for what make up a "suspect class" for group
discrimination date back to the case of United States v. Carolene Products Co. in 1938.
Since that time, litigation has revolved around the issues of whether a community is
identifiable, politically disempowered, and has a history of discrimination. So far, the
Court has found only three suspect classes: race, national origin, and alien status (Hasian
and Parry-Giles 35)
C. Even though same-sex marriage has been a legal question since 1971, cases are still being brought
before the court.
1. A landmark case brought before Hawaii's Supreme Court in 1996 set a precedent for the
adversarial role of the other states.
2. Although Hawaii's Supreme Court supported same-sex marriage, most other states took a
stand against it. ("Legislative Reactions to Hawaii Same-Sex Marriage" 1-3).
a. Since 1996, twenty-six states have passed bills blocking out-of-state licenses (LMA
b. The Governors of Alabama and Mississippi issued Executive Orders in 1996 banning
same-sex marriage (LMA 2).
c. In 1998, twelve additional states have already introduced bills to block out-of-state
marriage licenses (LMA 3).
(TRANS: Now that we've examined the recent reactions of the United States, we can look back at what we
have covered over the last few minutes.)
A. Re-State Thesis:
● Hopefully we have gained a better understanding of the legality of same-sex marriage by
examining an historical view of same-sex marriage, second looking at same-sex marriage
from an analytical perspective and finally by outlining current legal struggles with regard to
B. Reason to Remember:
● So the next time you see another wedding announcement, or bridal shower photos on
facebook, stop for a moment an think of the people who are not able to share that experience.
C. Full Circle:
● At the beginning of this speech we looked at a quote. The last statement was, "I would like
to try to get at that 'something else.'" Hopefully, we have gotten at that "something else", a
better understanding of same-sex marriage.
"Freedom to Marry: Questions and Answers." Legal Marriage Alliance of Washington (1998,
Hasian Jr., Marouf A. and Trevor Parry-Giles. "A Stranger to its Laws: Freedom, Civil Rights, and the Legal
Ambiguity of Romer v. Evans." Argumentation and Advocacy 34 (1996):
"Legal Marriage Court Cases -- A Timeline." Legal Marriage Alliance of Washington (1998):
"Legislative Reactions to Hawaii Same-Sex Marriage." Partners Task Force for Gay and Lesbian Couples
Reynolds, Meg M. "Domestic Partner Benefits: San Francisco and Beyond." Journal of Compensation and
Benefits 13 (1997): 27-35.
Wolfson, Evan. "Civil Rights, Human Rights, Gay Rights: Minorities and the Humanity of the Different."
Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy 14 (1991): 21-40.
Informative Speech Critique
Total Score____________(100 points possible)
1. Gained Attention?
2. Created bond with audience?
3. Previewed main points?
4. Transition into body?
1. Main points well selected?
2. Main points well developed?
3. Internal transitions?
4. Support material appropriate?
1. Transition from body?
2. Summarized main points?
3. Brought speech full circle?
1. Clearly organized?
2. Reflected presentation?
3. Sources clearly documented?
A. Knowledge of topic:
1. Well chosen and well cited sources?
2. Informative? (fit the assignment)
A. Speaker enthusiasm/vocal variety?
B. Eye contact?
C. Gestures, movement, and nonverbals?
Steps to Writing your Informative Speech
1. Figure out what is your Topic/Problem
2. Brainstorm as many subtopics related to your problem
3. Pick 3 main points from your brainstorming, organized in some fashion.
4. Work on the research for each of your 3 main points.
5. Outline the body of your speech
6. Write your Intro/Conclusion
7. Create Works Cited / In-Text Citations
8. Create your Notecards
9. Practice and polish your speech with a focus on your Attention Getter / Full Circle.
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