Policing and Sentencing

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Question Description

Using your annotated bibliography from Week 2, write a literature review of 3–4 pages. Many peer-reviewed academic journal articles contain a literature review section. Research to find and read several of these.

The literature review is not a listing of abstracts or simple paraphrasing. If your introduction and literature review are combined, ensure that each specific point in establishing the importance of your topic is supported by citations of proper sources. The points you are emphasizing are a reflection of the research and findings that you have developed around your chosen topic. Your ultimate paper is your own unique perspective, and in the literature review you are assembling related research to support your own work.

Assignment Guidelines

  • Using your annotated bibliography from Week 2, conduct a literature review of your selected sources.
  • Your literature review should be 3–4 pages in length.

Remember to use APA style for all references and citations.

Unformatted Attachment Preview

Crime Prevention Theodore Proia October 17, 2018 CRIME PREVENTION Theodore Proia Crowley, D. M. (2013). Building efficient crime prevention strategies: Considering the economics of investing in human development. Criminology & public policy, 12(2), 353-366. This reference is a work authored by Max Crowley who has researched the strategies that can be used to build efficient crime prevention. The main objective of the article is to come up with policies that enable the efficient development of crime prevention efforts. The utility and priority ranking approaches help in making the right estimates associated with crime and the cost-effective analyses that are used for decision making in health-care. The crime prevention officials must come up with effective infrastructure that will support the costs of crime prevention efforts and policies. The results of the research show that dual generation plays a vital role in delinquency prevention as well as the development of investment portfolios. This article is related to my research topic as it points out the major costs of crime prevention and the policies that can be enacted in reducing delinquency in minors and adults. Welsh, B. C., & Farrington, D. P. (2012). Crime prevention and public policy. The Oxford handbook of crime prevention, 3-19. The authors of this scholarly article are Welsh and Farrington. The main objective of their research was to introduce crime prevention and aimed at preventing crimes before the actual criminal activity and behavior occurred. The research has come up with crime prevention strategies which are community prevention, developmental prevention, criminal justice prevention and situational prevention. The research article also comes up with the strategic theories that support the strategies. It also considers the United States in crime prevention and discusses the major challenges that are a barrier to crime prevention. This article is related to my 2 CRIME PREVENTION Theodore Proia research topic in that it has come up with strategies of crime prevention and has helped me understand the challenges in crime prevention. Santos, R. B. (2014). The effectiveness of crime analysis for crime reduction: Cure or diagnosis?. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 30(2), 147-168. The author of this great work is Rachel Santos who aimed to know if crime analysis helped in reducing crimes. The author says that analyzing and evaluating data as well as examining it is crime analysis. The research examines the function of examining crime as a vital strategy in policing in reduction of crime. It discusses the connection between crime analysis and crime reduction. The author concludes in the article that there is a great association between prevention of crime and its analysis which plays an essential role in policing approaches. This article is related to my research topic as it explains how crime analysis will help reduce delinquencies and the importance of analyzing crime before coming up with prevention strategies. Schubert, H. (2016). Urban crime prevention–broadening of perspectives. Journal of Place Management and Development, +9(2), 120-136. The author of this journal is Herbert Schubert, a professor at the University of Technology in Germany. The objective of the study was focusing on the distinctive development lines that have impacted prevention of crime in urban areas. The journal considers the rational choice theory and architectural determinism in crime prevention in urban areas. The main finding by Herbert was that community relation and lack of organization in the neighborhood was a major factor in crime. This work is related to my research topic of crime prevention since it 3 CRIME PREVENTION Theodore Proia incorporates theories that show the levels of crime in urban areas and what is essential in the prevention of criminal behavior. Sakip, S. R. M., Johari, N., & Salleh, M. N. M. (2012). The relationship between crime prevention through environmental design and fear of crime. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 68, 628-636. The authors of this article are Sakip, Johari and Salleh, The objective of the study is to research on the relationship between fear of crime and environmental design in crime prevention. The study’s findings were that people’s perception of fear of crime was majorly dependent on their attitudes and practices towards their environmental conditions. The article explains that one of the greatest mechanism to reduce the fear of crime is environmental design mechanism. The article investigates the association between CPTED and fear of crime which make the article relate to my research topic. It helps me understand how environmental conditions are a trigger in crime and crime prevention. Norton, A. P. (2013). The Evidence on Police Contributions to Crime Reduction: What do we know and what does the Ottawa Police Service do about it? (Doctoral dissertation, Université d'Ottawa/University of Ottawa). The author of this great journal is Adam Norton of the University Of Ottawa. The main objectives of the study was to analyze the social science of evidence to which various police behaviors and practices have helped to reduce or enhance crimes in the society. It also examines the role of police in the future for coming up with crime preventative measures. The article has covered the standard police approaches to crime and the innovative policing approaches that can curb crime. This article relates to my research topic of crime prevention in that it comes up with 4 CRIME PREVENTION Theodore Proia the policing approaches to prevent crime since police play a crucial role in crime prevention and in delinquency behaviors of adults and minors. Shane, J. M., Piza, E. L., & Mandala, M. (2015). Situational crime prevention and worldwide piracy: a cross-continent analysis. Crime science, 4(1), 21. This article is authored by Shane, Eric and Mandala. The study recognizes the role of piracy in crime in the world by comparing statistics on pirate attacks in the past. The main objective of the study was to understand how situational crime prevention techniques on a global setting have prevented piracy attacks. This article finds that piracy is a great danger to the universe’s economic interests. Situational prevention of crime is relevant to piracy since it helps to come up with mechanisms that disrupt any opportunity for an attack. Crime prevention is a deep study, and this article relates to my research topic since piracy is also a crime that needs to be prevented by all means. The study helps me understand in depth about the effectiveness of situational crime prevention, not only in piracy but in other crime-prone areas. Eck, J., & Weisburd, D. L. (2015). Crime places in crime theory. This article is authored by John and David. They recognize that criminologists and crime prevention practitioners are becoming aware every day of the increasing places of crime. The primary objective of the study was to understand and focus on crime places, however small, in crimes and crime prevention. The study focuses on three perspectives in understanding crime places which are, rational choice, crime pattern theory and routine activity theory. It also recognizes that crime prevention cannot be successful without first handling crime places, which play a role in the crime. This article relates to my research by helping me understand the role of crime places in crime prevention. 5 CRIME PREVENTION Theodore Proia Jaitman, L., & Guerrero Compeán, R. (2015). Closing knowledge gaps: Toward evidencebased crime prevention policies in Latin America and the Caribbean. InterAmerican Development Bank. The authors of the article are Jaitman and Guerrero. The objective of their study was to study crime and crime prevention in the United States. The paper has focused on the fear of crime costs and the general cost of crime in the regions of the Caribbean and Latin America, both in economic and social dimension. The paper also has focused on why there is a reduction in crime in the Sub-Saharan Africa regions and the strategies that are implemented for crime reduction. It has also explained the roles of agencies such as IDB in promoting crime prevention. This article relates to my research paper in that; I am able to understand how some states have managed to burb crime and the strategies that they implemented which can work as a referral in my research. This article relates to other sources on crime prevention since it focuses on how crime prevention has been achieved in some states. Osei, G. K., Gorey, K. M., & Jozefowicz, D. M. H. (2016, February). Delinquency and crime prevention: Overview of research comparing treatment foster care and group care. In Child & Youth Care Forum (Vol. 45, No. 1, pp. 33-46). Springer US. The authors of this article are Osei, Kevin and Jozefowicz. The main objective of the article is the impact of foster care and group care in delinquency and crime prevention. The article argues many young people are involved in criminal activities are mostly in residential facilities that are secured. The paper also explains the importance of family foster care and group care in mentoring youths to ensure they do not fall into delinquent behaviors. This article relates to my research paper because it focuses on the reason for delinquency behaviors in youths, which 6 CRIME PREVENTION Theodore Proia could be as a result of family and their background. This article relates to other articles since it majors in one way; foster and group care, that is an influence in crime and crime prevention. 7 CRIME PREVENTION Theodore Proia References Crowley, D. M. (2013). Building efficient crime prevention strategies: Considerin economics of investing in human development. Criminology & public policy,12 (2), 353-366. Eck, J., & Weisburd, D. L. (2015). Crime places in crime theory. Norton, A. P. (2013). The Evidence on Police Contributions to Crime Reduction: What do we know and what does the Ottawa Police Service do about it? (Doctoral dissertation, Université d'Ottawa/University of Ottawa). Sakip, S. R. M., Johari, N., & Salleh, M. N. M. (2012). The relationship between crime prevention through environmental design and fear of crime. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 68, 628-636. Santos, R. B. (2014). The effectiveness of crime analysis for crime reduction: Cure or diagnosis?. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 30(2), 147-168. Shane, J. M., Piza, E. L., & Mandala, M. (2015). Situational crime prevention and worldwide piracy: a cross-continent analysis. Crime science, 4(1), 21. Schubert, H. (2016). Urban crime prevention–broadening of perspectives. Journal of Place Management and Development, 9(2), 120-136. Welsh, B. C., & Farrington, D. P. (2012). Crime prevention and public policy. The Oxford handbook of crime prevention, 3-19. 8 ...
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Tutor Answer

ProfJamesmiller
School: University of Maryland

Hi there, I have just completed the assignment. Please find attached. It has been nice working with you. 😊

Crime Prevention Literature Review
Thesis statement: Crime prevention is a priority to every member of society in ensuring that our
neighborhoods and families are safe.
1. Introduction
2. Literature Review
3. Delinquency
4. Crime prevention strategies
5. Conclusion


Running head: CRIME PREVENTION

1

Crime Prevention Literature Review
Institution Affiliation
Date

CRIME PREVENTION

2
Introduction

In a society where different personalities reside and driven by different passions, various
kinds of crime occur which result in financial losses, physical injuries, and deaths. Crime
prevention is, therefore, a priority to every member of society in ensuring that our neighborhoods
and families are safe. Crime prevention involves the ability to be able to anticipate and, possibly,
predict the risk of a crime happening and then taking prescribed actions to eliminate it or
mitigate its effects. While the law enforcers are at the center of crime prevention, it is better
viewed as a community-wide effort that involves the collaboration between community and law
enforcement in dealing with a crime before it even happens and enhancing lives in the process.
There have been several studies seeking to analyze and suggest crime prevention strategies in our
communities, and we shall examine several, through a literature review, and the major concepts
they explore.
Literature Review
Delinquency
At the heart of crime prevention, one major term appears rather frequently-delinquency.
Delinquency refers to the crimes that are committed by juveniles or rather minors. According to
Osei, Gorey and Jozefowicz (2016) delinquency is a major cause of crimes as the juveniles
involved in crime grow up into adults who commit more crime and endanger communities. The
trio argu...

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Review

Anonymous
Tutor went the extra mile to help me with this essay. Citations were a bit shaky but I appreciated how well he handled APA styles and how ok he was to change them even though I didnt specify. Got a B+ which is believable and acceptable.

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