Sociolgy short essay

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There are 11 questions only 6 need to be answered about half page to a page(full preferred. Single spaced each. Ive completed 2 already so I really need only 4 more question answered. About a page each single spaced size 12 font. IVE DONE NUMBER 2 AND 4.

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SOCL 105 Take-Home Exam #1-Short Essay Instructions: Choose six of the eleven questions, and write as extensively as you can on each question. Use examples from the text, media, or other sources to illustrate your points, or support your arguments. Answers should be ½ to one page (each answer), typed, single spaced, and stapled. You may answer 2 additional questions for extra-credit. Exams are due 10/24 (in class) between 12:30pm & 1:30pm. 1. What is a global perspective? How does it compare to the sociological perspective? How societies all over the world are increasingly connected and what are the consequences of these links? 2. After reviewing our text’s discussion of the social factors that influence a student’s decision regarding which college to attend, identify some of the social factors which might help explain why you selected your major or intended career. 3. Explain the difference between material culture and nonmaterial culture. How does one affect the other? 4. What are some examples of symbols that different cultural groups in the United States interpret differently? (For example, the Confederate flag represents regional pride to some and a history of oppression to others). Discuss. 5. What do you think are key values of U.S. culture? What changes in cultural patterns have come with increasing immigration? Has “diversity” always been a positive value in U.S. culture? To what extent is it a positive value today? 6. What is the importance of “nature” in shaping human personalities? What about “nurture?” Discuss. 7. How has the importance of the mass media changed in our society over the last several generations? How might such change affect the socialization process? 8. What are the statuses that you currently hold? Point to several you have gained over time and several you have lost. To what extent is each ascribed and achieved? Does any have enough importance to be considered a master status? 9. Have you ever experienced role strain or role conflict? Describe the circumstances and how you responded to these experiences. 10. Sociologists stress that the definition of what is deviant varies from time to time and from place to place. Some people feel that our society is moving toward regarding cigarette smoking as deviant. Do you agree? If so, how is this being accomplished? 11. What do you think are the primary reasons that the U.S. crime rate is very high in compared to other countries? What steps would you recommend to try to reduce this rate? ...
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School: Boston College


Running head: SOCIOLOGY



Question 3



A major difference between material and non-material cultures in terms of sources is
that material culture is derived from the studies of archaeologists that involve excavation of
ancient artifacts while non-material culture is derived from our state of mind. In a clearer
manner, the material view of culture is composed of the physical such as houses, raw
materials, foodstuffs, and technologies whereas the non-material culture is made up of
beliefs, philosophy, customs, patterns, and government.
Further, these cultures differ in the sense that culture is applied in different contexts
and thus describes the meaning of an object/ material culture. For example, rings as artifacts
are exchanged in weddings within a society and therefore can be valued differently whereas
non-material culture is difficult to categorize and place value on. Since culture as a behavior
is socially transmitted and learned in any society, it is easy to conduct an exchange of
material cultures than non-material culture (Van et al, 2013). For example, objects such as
wealth are easy to exchange compared to values and beliefs of a certain society.
In addition, material culture can easily disappear or get exhausted into the culture
universals while non-material culture proves to maintain its existence within a society. This is
with regard to the fact that regardless of the location of people, there are universal traits that
are common among them. Considering the continuous excavation of artifacts (material
culture) by archaeologists, the beliefs and values (non-material culture) of people are
changing from day to day. Perhaps, th...

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