Artists Elizabeth Murray

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It is a research paper about artists Elizabeth Murray. It should be 4-5 page long single spaced. Picture related to artists and description of the picture should be included in the picture. Poem and song related to the artists should also be included in the paper. I have attached the sample paper and other criteria needed for this paper. 6 different resources should be included.

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DR. HURSHEL BURTON ENGLISH 1302 ART IS DEAD!!!!!!!!!!!!!! NO ………ART EMERGES IN THE 21ST CENTURY……… “The underlying philosophy of this project is that contemporary American art can be of real interest to a national audience. By making contemporary art more accessible, the series affords viewers and students the opportunity to discover their own innate abilities to understand contemporary art and to explore possibilities for creative thinking and self-expression”- Art: 21 Discuss, critique and interpret your 21st Century artist’s work in your own words by providing the following: ❖ Provide background information on the artist by writing an up- to -date biography and info on current works on exhibit. ❖ Identify the medium, style and theme and inspiration of their work as you make discoveries through your research. Discuss how the artist appeals to the ethos, pathos and logos. ❖ Provide quotes or discussions from the artist in their explanation of their work and provide reviews and criticisms in your text from other writers – be sure to cite these. You may agree or refute these writer’s statements by offering your own. Use your ethos, pathos and logos to do so. ❖ Consider connections of the artist to other areas of popular culture including the Religious, Social, Environmental, Political context of the artist’s work. ❖ Research, analyze and interpret a piece of poetry/lyrics you feel connects with one or more of the artist’s work or with the theme of their work. Cite stanzas from the poem and why in your interpretation the literature connects. Use ethos pathos and logos to state your position. Hint: www.pbs.org/art21 Artist Pages, Teaching/Learning Lesson Plans, Artist Links helpful in your exploration and discovery, planning and writing of your essay. Be sure and cite your research. Format: Coverpage/Works Cited page 4-6 pages typed Single-spaced Justified 12 point type size Inserted pictures of artist’s work on coverpage and within text 5-8 sources documented including poetry MLA formal documentation and Works Cited page Audience: People who need to get out to museums and read poetry more today than ever. CAUTION: Beware…do not “lift” from your sources…this is plagiarism and you will be penalized !! HURSHEL BURTON ENGLISH 1302 CRITICAL THINKING AND QUESTIONING FOR THE ASTUTE ART CRITIC To think critically means to think while you listen, read, view and even speak. The objective is not how many facts you can remember but how well you can understand. Critical thinking means ❖ Analyzing-noticing appeals and arguments,strategies of thinking,insights ❖ Questioning-wondering why,how what if so what? ❖ Inferring-drawing conclusions from what is suggested or implied ❖ Interpreting-explaining your own understanding ❖ Evaluating judge the value or worth of a piece be it a poem, story, essay, film or artifact. Critical Thinking also helps you in searching for persuasive appeals: LOGOS- What does this mean? What questions does it raise? PATHOS- How does it make you/me feel? Are your feelings mixed? Why? ETHOS- What is the character of the speaker/author/artist? Is this individual[s] credible? Glossary of Terms Introduction Search the Art:21 Glossary for art-related words used by series artists in the clips and transcripts. Link to artist biographies by clicking on the names of the artists. The glossary also prints as a nine-page document and is ideal for building vocabulary in the classroom. abstraction & abstract art At its purist, abstraction uses shapes, colors and lines as elements in and for themselves. Abstraction can also be conceptual, such as when a sentence or subject matter is cut up so as to make its meaning nonsensical or unreal. A characteristic trait of 20th century and Modern Art, many artists working today combine representational and abstract elements (Barney, Bourgeois, Hancock, Hawkinson, Marshall, Murray, and Sikander) while others make works without recognizable people, places, or things (Lin, Puryear, Serra, and Turrell). aesthetic Used to describe something as visually-based, beautiful, or pleasing in appearance and to the senses. Aesthetics is a term developed by philosophers during the 18th and 19th centuries and is also the academic or scientific study of beauty and taste in art. aperture A small, narrow opening through which light is focused. Found in cameras, microscopes, and other devices, apertures are often adjustable so as to increase or decrease the amount of light. Instead of using a lens cap, Sally Mann covers the aperture of her camera with her hand to block out light. In the case of the pinhole photographs by Ann Hamilton, the artist's mouth is transformed into the aperture. allegory An image or story that refers to a related or overarching concept such as good or evil. Artists Kiki Smith and Trenton Doyle Hancock often reference allegories in their work, such as the Biblical stories Noah and the Arc and Jonah and the Whale. While for work by other artists, such as Kara Walker, a narrative like "Gone with the Wind" is subverted so that the traditional meaning of the story is intentionally confused and questioned. alter-ego A fictional self, different from one’s own, in an idealized or transformed version. Alter-egos include the synthesized male Voice of Authority of Anderson, the aging ballerina Eleanor Antinova of Antin, the satyr-like Loughton Candidate of Barney, the pathetic hero Torpedo Boy of Hancock, the cartoon Gumby as drawn by Pettibon, the religiously-blended goddess figure of Sikander, and the culpable Negress of Walker. architecture The art of designing and constructing buildings, architecture can also refer to the building or space that an artist is making a work in relation to, such as with installation art. Architecture has close ties to the visual arts, and many artists' works are very sensitive to the ways in which their art interacts with buildings and exhibition spaces. A few artists take architecture as art to extremes, such as Andrea Zittel's floating island and home turned artwork, and Do-Ho Suh's recreations of buildings out of fabric. Some artists, such as Maya Lin, were trained as architects before they became artists. Artists who often work with architects and architecture include Barney, Hamilton, Hawkinson, Kruger, Nauman, Osorio, Pfeiffer, Puryear, Serra, Sikander, Suh, Turrell, and Walker. beat generation A group of American youth, writers and artists in the 1950s who experimented with communal living, a nomadic lifestyle, and Eastern philosophy. Often associated with jazz music, the improvisational works by authors such as Jack Kerouac, William Burroughs, and Allen Ginsberg challenged traditional forms of literature. byzantine A religious style of art developed in the eastern part of the late Roman Empire. Colorful and ornate, Byzantine art is characterized by its use of mosaic and by its flat, graphic style. Before the aesthetic and scientific advances of the Italian Renaissance, Byzantine paintings have shallow perspective and rely heavily on symbols and iconography to convey a story or meaning. caricature A representation of a person or thing that exaggerates their most striking or characteristic features. Famous people and political figures are often drawn as caricatures by cartoonists to humorous ends. Raymond Pettibon uses caricaturization to visualize the ridiculous aspects of his subjects, from Patty Hearst to Richard Nixon. Caricatures, when thought of as an accurate likeness, are transformed into stereotypes. casting A sculptural process, done by pouring a liquid material into a mold and allowing it to cool or harden. Casting is used to make a replica of an object or to make groups of identical objects. Many mass-produced commercial objects, such as toys and dinnerware, are casts. Artists who use casting in their work include Antoni, Barney, Bourgeois, Hamilton, Lin, Nauman, Smith, Suh, and Serra. cinematography The art of photographing and lighting films. Cinematography can also refer to the style or genre of a movie or motion picture, such as black-and-white cinematography or documentary cinematography. Many artists using film and video, such as Matthew Barney and Bruce Nauman, will work with cinematographers to achieve a desired look for their art, while other artists, such as Charles Atlas, have inveted their own distinctive style of filmmaking. collaboration A working arrangement between an artist and another person, group, or institution. Present throughout art history, collaborations are considered unusual today when artists tend to be valued for their individual voice and contribution to society. Some artists even form long-term working partnerships with other artists—these are seen as distinct from collaborations which are often temporary. Artists who work collaboratively include Antin, Antoni, Atlas, Barney, Chin, Osorio, Pfeiffer, Puryear, Schorr, Smith, Suh, and Zittel. collage The process or product of affixing paper or objects to a two-dimensional surface. Feodorov, Hancock, Hawkinson, Kilgallen, Marshall, McGee, Murray, Osorio, Pettibon, Schorr, Walker colonialism The practice of ruling over another country for the purpose of developing trade, or enforcing one's own culture and values on people from a different culture. Antin, Feodorov, Ford, Korot, Pettibon, Sikander commemoration To remember or mark a particular event or person from the past through ceremony or memorial. Bourgeois, Ford, Kilgallen, Lin, Marshall, Osorio, Pettibon, Puryear, Serra, Smith, Suh composition The arrangement of an artwork's formal elements. conceptual art Works of art in which the idea is equally if not more important than the finished product. Conceptual art can take many forms, from photographs to texts to videos, while sometimes there is no object at all. Emphasizing the ways things are made more than how they look, conceptual art often raises questions about what a work of art can be. Conceptual art is also often difficult to collect or preserve as it can be the artist's own experience that is the work of art. Artists whose work is often conceptual include Anderson, Antin, Antoni, Chin, Kruger, Nauman, Osorio, Schorr, Wegman, and Zittel. consumer society A society in which mass-produced goods are made attractive and are advertised through mass-communication and media. People who participate in a consumer society by purchasing goods are known as consumers. consumption The intake of objects, images, and popular ideas into one's home, body, or daily life. Be it in the form of food, furniture, art objects, or mass media advertising, consumption is rooted in the sale and purchase of goods in a modern, consumer society like the United States. Involving stuff in the world, from products to slogans, artists whose work deals with consumption are often concerned with what a thing is, how it looks, and how it came into existence. contemporary art Art made after 1970 or works of art made by living artists. A loose term that at times overlaps with Modern Art, many museums specialize in showing art by living artists in isolation while other institutions show contemporary art along with works dating back thousands of years. Unlike Modern Art, contemporary art is not defined by a succession of periods, schools, or styles. content The subject matter, concepts, or ideas associated with a work of art. A work's content is shaped by the artist's intentions, the context of its presentation, and by the experiences, thoughts, and reactions of the viewer. context The location, information, or time-frame that informs how a work of art is viewed and what it means. Works of art often respond to a particular space or cultural climate. If the context for a work of art is changed or recontextualized, the way in which the work is understood may change as well. culture The rarely questioned system of beliefs, values and practices that form one's life. Cultures are often identified by national borders, ethnicity, and religion—while some cultures cross borders, ethnicities and organized faiths. A culture which involves a select portion of a population and which is organized around a particular interest (such as cars, graffiti, or music) is known as a subculture. design Relating to popular forms of art including architecture, books, the internet, furniture, and mass media. Today, things that are designed are often mechanically produced or made with the help of a computer. Artists whose work is influenced by design include Charles, Chin, Kilgallen, Kruger, Lin, Murray, Nauman, Osorio, Pfeiffer, Smith, Walker, Wegman, and Zittel. displacement The act or feeling of being removed or alienated from a place or people. ecology The relationship between organisms and their environment, ecology is also concerned with the relationship between people and nature. Artists whose works are concerned with ecology include Anderson, Antoni, Chin, Feodorov, Ford, Hamilton, Lin, Mann, Marshall, Orozco, Pfeiffer, Puryear, Schorr, Smith, Turrell, and Zittel. ethics A system of morals or judgments which govern one's behavior, ethics often intersect with a work of art or the process of its making. Artists often feel that they have an ethical responsibility to voice political concerns or make changes to society. Anderson, Antin, Charles, Chin, Ford, Korot, Kruger, Lin, Marshall, Nauman, Orozco, Osorio, Pfeiffer, Schorr, and Walker have all made works that are either political in content or which have altered the social landscape. façade An artificial or deceptive appearance or the front or public facing side of a building. fluxus Implying flow or change, the term fluxus was adopted by a group of artists, musicians, and poets in the 1960's to describe a radical attitude and philosophy for producing and exhibiting art. Often presented in non-traditional settings, Fluxus forms included impromptu performances, mail art, and street spectacles. form The shape and structure of a work of art, formal elements include color, shape, pattern, and duration. Many artists strive for a relationship between form and content, so that the way something is made fits with what the artist intends the work to be about or how it will be seen. genre A means of categorizing works of art based on style, form, and subject matter. History painting and landscape are genres of painting; horror and romantic comedy are genres of film; detective and science fiction are genres of literature. graffiti Art made on a public surface, such as a building or a street sign, that is not owned by the artist. Dating back to ancient Egypt, graffiti today is often made with spray paint and marker. Seen by some as vandalism, others view graffiti as an important expression of opinions. Contemporary artists influenced by graffiti include Barry McGee and Margaret Kilgallen. graphic A description applied to flat, two-dimensional images or primarily graphic media such as fonts, comic books, and cartoons. history painting Large-scale painting which represents either historical events or scenes from legend and literature. Considered the highest form of art in the 19th century, history paintings are generally grand in execution. Much of Modern Art has been a reaction against history painting, while some contemporary artists such as Eleanor Antin, Walton Ford, Kerry James Marshall, and Kara Walker have found ways to incorporate the genre into their work. iconography Symbols and images that have a particular meaning, either learned or universal. identity How one views oneself, how others perceive you, and how a society as a whole defines groups of people. Important to one's identity are ethnicity, gender, age, sexual orientation, and class, as well as education, childhood, and life experience. For many, being an artist is not just an occupation but also an ethical responsibility. Much art today deals with what it means to be an artist in today's rapidly changing world. ideology An organized system of values and opinions which form the basis of a social, political, or economic agenda. Informed by a culture, ideologies often take the form of rules, codes, or guiding principles. illusion A visually misleading or perceptually altered space or object. installation A work of art created for a specific architectural situation, installations often engage multiple senses such as sight, smell and hearing. The placement of individual works of art in a gallery is also commonly referred to as an installation. Installations are generally temporary and stationary (Chin, Hamilton, McGee, Kilgallen, Pettibon, Puryear, Sikander), but some installations travel to different locations and exist over longer periods of time (Bourgeois, Hawkinson, Marshall, Osorio, Suh, Turrell, Walker). juxtaposition The state or position of being placed close together or side by side, so as to permit comparison or contrast. kinetic Having mechanical or moving parts that can be set in motion; art that moves. Ann Hamilton, Tim Hawkinson, Bruce Nauman, Pepón Osorio, and Andrea Zittel have all made works with kinetic aspects. kitsch Used to describe items that are overly decorative or sentimental, kitsch may also have negative connotations—meaning tastelessness or bad taste in art. Things generally considered to be kitschy in popular American culture include ceramic figurines, black velvet paintings, rhinestones, and glitter. However, what is kitsch in one cultural context may not be in another. Artists who explore ornamentation and kitsch in their work include Antin, Bourgeois, Charles, Feodorov, Hancock, Osorio, Marshall, Murray, Pettibon, Pfeiffer, Smith, and Wegman. land art Also known as earth art or earthworks, land art uses the raw materials of the natural world to make large-scale, outdoor sculpture. Often taking many years to complete, some earthworks made in the 1970s exist to this day while others are still under construction. Artists who make or are influenced by land art include Mel Chin, Maya Lin, and James Turrell. metaphor A poetic comparison, visual or verbal, that uses one thing to represent another. Artists use metaphor to bridge differences between seemingly dissimilar images and ideas. minimal art A type of abstract art, primarily three-dimensional, which often uses industrial materials in geometric or repetitive ways. Reduced to basic shapes (cubes, spheres) or bare materials (steel, neon tubing, bricks), minimalist objects of the 1960s expressed more the artist's process than his or her emotions. Artists whose works are minimal or are influenced by Minimalism include Lin, Nauman, Orozco, Serra, Suh, Turrell, Wegman, and Zittel. modernism An historical period and attitude from the early to mid-20th century, characterized by experimentation, abstraction, a desire to provoke, and a belief in progress. Modern artists strove to go beyond that which had come before. Works of modern art may be visually different and yet share the same commitment to questioning artistic conventions. Modern Art is oriented towards developing new visual languages (rather than preserving and continuing those of the past) and takes the form of a series of periods, schools, and styles. monument A public work of art, usually large in scale, which commemorates a group of people, historical event, or ideal. Monuments, such as those by Maya Lin and Do-Ho Suh, are most often made at the invitation of a civic group or government. A type of monument, memorials come in a variety of scales, materials, and audiences. Less a tribute than an invitation to remember, memorials (such as those by Louise Bourgeois, Sally Mann, Kerry James Marshall, and Pepón Osorio) can be subtle, inconclusive, or abstract. motif A recurrent or dominant theme in a work of visual or literary art. multicultural Influenced by a diversity of ethnic, religious, cultural or national perspectives. Beryl Korot, John Feodorov ...
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School: University of Virginia

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