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RUNNING HEAD: INFLUENZA PANDEMIC TOOL
INFLUENZA PANDEMIC TOOL
Influenza is a respiratory tract in a human which is caused by the influenza virus and is transmittable. It
includes many signs like cold, headache, fatigue among others. The influenza viruses are of three types
which include A, B and C. The type C is not allied with extensive outbreaks this is because it causes only
mild diseases. Type A has proved to cause epidemics and B causes widespread flu epidemics. Influenza
type A results to pandemic since it’s a virus which changes its shape regularly. This leads to a new virus
which humans have no immunity. Type B does not change its shape hence it does not cause influenza
pandemics. The determination of Pennsylvania’s Influenza Pandemic Response Plan (IPRP) is to offer an
outline, procedure and endorsements for pandemic preparation movements at the federal, national and
local levels and are intended to offer pandemic disease preclusion approaches.
Influenza pandemic plan is categorized into four parts which include Interpandemic, Pandemic Alert,
Pandemic and Post- Pandemic Period. They are used to give the task which is supposed to be applied in
The interpandemic period consists of phase 1 and 2. Phase 1 has no new influenza virus types which have
been detected in humans. The subtype is only found on animals hence the risk to human infection is very
low. On phase 2 has no new influenza virus types which have been detected in humans but the movement
of animals leads to high risk of human disease.
INFLUENZA PANDEMIC TOOL
The activities which are undertaken within this period are the following. The local communities to be
alerted of any uncommon disease which should be reported immediately after they arise. After the report
of any disease investigation about the suspicious disease. Surveillance physicians are supposed to be
recruited to help the situation. Testing kits and instruction to be followed are distributed to the
surveillance physicians. The surveillance physicians should be alert for the uncommon disease reported
by any origination. Plans to employ key staff and how to manage the pandemic should be developed.
Review the schedules for disease investigation deployment.
The second period is pandemic alert which consists of phases 3,4, and 5. Phase 3 there is the human
infection but no human to human spread. Phase 4 it has limited people transmission which has small
clusters which means the virus does not adapt well in humans. Phase 5 has large clusters which mean the
virus is well adapted on human beings hence there is a high risk of infection in this phase.
The third period is known pandemic which has phase 6. Phase 6 has the Increased and continuous
transmission in overall populace. The key action which is supposed to be performed in this group includes
activating local epidemiological response plan fully. After that utilization of infectious disease
epidemiology list. Then increase case detection persons who have migrated to the affected area.
Determine the area distribution by testing the different selected patients. Enhance communication and
also information so that it can be found in the medical community. Create policies to be followed in the