Answer the question from the book of Power and choice. by W. Phillips Shively

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So I have a question from ch 3,4,5 and I want from you to answer this question, but the answer should be from the book of Power and choice. by W. Phillips Shively. Do not use Google or any article or any online thing just use the book. Every question should the answer be short 3 -4 sentence. make the answer short as you can and easy to remember words easily.

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Third Wave of Democracy Democracy in the World Democracy v. Income The Three Waves • 1830s-1919: First Wave (US, Europe, Latin America) • 1919-1942: First Reverse Wave (Rise of fascism) • 1942-1962: Second Wave (Allied victory, decolonization) • 1962-1974: Second Reverse Wave (Rise of military regimes in Africa, Asia, Latin America, Middle East) • 1974- Present: Third Wave The Third Wave came in regional waves • • • • • • Started in Southern Europe Spread to Latin America Parts of Asia Former Soviet Union Africa Not Middle East until the Arab Spring Reason #1: Religion • ¾ of countries through 1990 to become democratic had large Catholic populations. • Influence of Vatican II. Reason #2: Crisis of authoritarian legitimacy • With the decline of legitimate forms of dictatorship (theocracy, monarchy, communism, fascism) dictators justify their rules based on results. • “Crisis based legitimacy” cannot last indefinitely. 3. International Trends • End of the Cold War: Fall of communist dictatorships. (E. Germany, Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia) • End of the Cold War: end of US support for capitalist dictatorships. (Zaire, Philippines, Chile, South Africa). QUESTIONS CHAPTER THREE 1. What is a public good? Why are they often provided by the government? Give an example. 2. What is the difference between a “nation” and a “state”? Why do leaders often try to link them? 3. What are the sorts of problems that arise when states and nations do not coincide? Provide examples. 4. What is a failed state? Illustrate with an example. 5. Define civil society and provide examples of what it is, and what it is not. 6. Describe recent challenges to the authority of the state (from above and below). 7. Describe challenges to the power of the Nigerian state “from below”. 8. Use Nigeria to illustrate the problems that arise when the boundaries of the state and the boundaries of the nation do not coincide. 9. Compare the notion of jus soli and jus sanguinis. What implications does this have for the kind of nation that a country creates? 10. What are the bases of the Iraqi nation? What problems does this create? 11. What is dangerous about the political uses of utopia? Give examples. book power and choice by W. Phillips Shively https://books.google.com/books?id=__pjDwAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=power+%26 +choice+14th+edition+online&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjt9r_h3JHeAhVslVQKHQtXDmUQ 6AEIKTAA#v=onepage&q&f=false ...
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ConstantinovW
School: University of Virginia

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