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Anonymous
timer Asked: Oct 20th, 2018
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Need three replies to discussion boards, each one needs to be 2 paragraphs long with an in-text citation and each needs to have an open-ended question at the end. I will add my weekly reference material after I choose a tutor. Please add reference at the end of each one separately, please do not add a cover page:

Question #1

Heather added the original questions within her post.

Reply to Heather

How will you approach the board with this issue and what questions will you ask of the board members?

First and foremost, I would approach the board with this issue as a matter of urgency, detailing the penalties for non-compliance, revealing that “compliance risks are among the most critical concerns confronting [their] organizations" (Totten, 2014, p. 1). I would ask that "an audit and compliance committee" be developed to "help [to] focus board governance and oversight of compliance efforts: (p. 2). The board has a fiduciary duty to the organization that “reflect the expectation of corporate stakeholders regarding oversight of corporate affairs” (Corporate Responsibility and Corporate Compliance, p. 1).

What remedial measures will be their responsibility?

The remedial measures that will be their responsibility will consist of discovery and resolution of non-compliance. Since a board is typically made of several individuals, there can be several different groups assigned to different objectives. The board, or several of the directors, should be in contact with “management to obtain information necessary to satisfy their duty of care” (Corporate Responsibility and Corporate Compliance, p. 1). If the board recognizes that “governing with knowledge and vigilance regarding compliance issues and risks is an important way boards can contribute greater value to the organizations and those they serve” (Totten, 2014, p. 3) it will but measures into place to address and resolve issues with compliance.

What new practices would you like to see throughout the organization?

In agreement with Totten’s article, I would implement some of the same practices throughout the organization. Most importantly, I would “develop compliance policies and procedures, including standards of conduct” (p. 4). Communication, training, audits and discipline for non-compliance would also be requested (p.4). The most important practice would be that all board members are aware of the policies, and attend training to understand the concepts and procedures. Board members should also work closely with management so that there is open understanding of compliance on all levels, and interact with one another should there be any activity deemed a risk of non-compliance.

References:

Corporate responsibility and corporate compliance: A resource for health care boards of directors. Office of the Inspector General of the United States Department of Health and Human Services.

Totten, M. K. (2014, November-December). Compliance oversight: responsibilities and best practices. Trustee, 67(10), 17+. Retrieved from Gale database

Question #2

Here is the Original question: As the Compliance Officer at Oxford Hospital, you are concerned about the level of care provided to patients because of lack of adequate staffing. Hotline reports indicate dissatisfaction from both patients and employees. A nearby hospital has begun offering some patient appointments through video communication.

Discuss the risks and rewards that you see with implementing this service for patients.

What compliance and ethics issues do you see with this new practice?

What oversight measure would you institute?

Please Reply to Georgiana

Telehealth has been around for decades and has many benefits and disadvantages. Allowing an individual, the opportunity to visit a physician without having to leave the comfort of their home can be rewarding for the purpose of consultations, education, and second opinions (Stanberry, 2001). I have worked for businesses that have rules that employees must obtain a doctors’ note if they will be out sick for 3 or more days. If I have a simple cold or flu, I would much rather engage in a video conference with my primary doctor rather than getting out of bed and dressed for an office visit. Additionally, telemedicine can allow for more unconventional “office hours”, better care, and lower costs. On the other hand, video appointments eliminate the in-person relationship between a doctor and its patient (Stanberry, 2001). It also allows for individuals such as hypochondriacs to take advantage of the impersonal consultations. This method is also regarded as an unsafe way to practice by many persons.

Furthermore, there are many compliance and ethical issues surrounding the topic of telemedicine. Some of these issues include autonomy and consent, confidentiality, information sharing, data collection, non-maleficence and beneficence, justice, information security management, and access (Stanberry, 2006). I would institute additional oversight measures to protect all of the aforementioned issues as well as issues pertaining to monitoring physicians participating in the program, maintaining a proper physician-patient relationship, evaluations, treatment, prescribing medications, licensing, consent, and looking after medical records (Bellamy, 2014).

Bellamy, J. (May 1, 2014). Telemedicine: Click and the doctor will see you now. Science-Based Medicine. Retrieved from https://www.sciencebasedmedicine.org/telemedicine-...

Stanberry, B. (2006). Legal and ethical aspects of telemedicine. Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare, 12(4), 166-75. Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/210703189?acco...

Stanberry, B. (2001), Telemedicine: barriers and opportunities in the 21st century. Journal of Internal Medicine, 249: 109-120. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2796.2001.00699.x (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

Question #3

Here is the original question: As you progress through the phases of your project, you will be gathering data through your research. As you discovered in this week’s readings, both qualitative and quantitative data are useful when conducting research. The integration of quantitative and qualitative data provides the researcher with potential to strengthen the rigor and enrich the analysis and findings of a project.

What are the differences between qualitative data and quantitative data and how will you use these types of data in your project? Be specific in your definitions.

Need a reply to: Noriko

In general, quantitative and qualitative research methods are described in a certain way. “[T]he quantitative approach is objective and relies heavily on statistics and figures, while the qualitative approach and subjective and uses language and description” (Lee, 1992, para. 1). They are often described in opposing views- statistics versus psychology, facts versus in depth, or ‘what’ versus ‘why’ (Barnham, 2015).

Quantitative data is often considered to be more objective and generalized and produces number-based results. It is also considered to be “derived from the natural sciences that emphasise objectivity, measurement, reliability and validity” (Lee, 1992, para. 3). For example, statistical tests are used on larger samples for analysis and “[s]urveys, structured interviews & observations, and reviews of records or documents for numeric information”(“Difference between”, n.d., para.1) are also used under quantitative research.

On the other hand, qualitative data is considered to be more subjective and less-generalized and focuses on description of problems or opinions. For instance, methods such as focus groups, in-depth interviews, and reviews of documents for types of themes are used to create hypothesis or theory and data tends to be less generalized and focuses on more in-depth research on smaller populations (“Difference between”, n.d.).

The ability to use both research methods would allow me have better quality research results that support my project. Quantitative data can be used to present statistical examples and evidence in industry or company. For example, Plunket Research or Statista are a great website to collect quantitative data such as financial data, industry information and company data in addition to collecting data through surveys. Qualitative data can be used to dig-deeper on a subject. For instance, collecting credible resources through sites such as ProQuest or EBSCO would allow me to understand a subject better. Moreover, data from in-depth interviews would also provide valuable information on a subject to expand my understanding and view on my project.

In this week’s reading, Barnham (2015) emphasizes on qualitative research method that would expand beyond the conventional qualitative method to conduct more effective research. Lee (1992) also states that an extensive use of quantitative research method is not enough in organizational research. “The precise nature of the two different research modes ultimately depends on the stance of the researcher, and how the researcher chooses to use them”(para. 22). Therefore, it is very important to understand both research methods and data to produce a project that is supported by diverse and unbiased data.

References

Barnham, C. (2015). Quantitative and qualitative research. International Journal of Market Research, 57(6), 837-854 doi:10.2501/IJMR-2015-070

“Difference between” (n.d.). Difference between qualitative and quantitative research methods. Retrieved from https://www.orau.gov/cdcynergy/soc2web/content/phase05/phase05_step03_deeper_qualitative_and_quantitative.htm (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

Lee S K, ,Jean. (1992). Quantitative versus qualitative research methods - two approaches to organisation studies. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 9(1), 87. Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/228433051?accountid=33575 (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

Tutor Answer

Robyn1994
School: University of Virginia

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