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Hello , I need help in Philosophy 201 quiz .. this is the exams number 2 please keep in mind this is due on October 21 2018

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ADAMS STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENDED STUDIES PHIL 201 – INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY Exam II I certify that the student named on this exam did not receive assistance and did not have unauthorized access to books or notes. I have returned this exam to the instructor on ____________________ (date). Proctor Name: ______________________________ Signature: _________________________________ Unit 2 Part I: Multiple-Choice. Select/circle the option that best finishes/answers the following questions/statements based on the reading (1 point each): 1. The best description of Epicurean pleasure is a. maximization of bodily pleasure. b. optimization of mental pleasures. c. minimization of pain. d. Both a and b. 2. Does Epicurus believe that gods exist? a. No, but that’s good. b. Yes, but the views of the many are wrong/impious. c. No, and for that we are forlorn. d. Yes, and you should accept the traditions of your community as true. 3. According to stoics, what upsets us? a. Events that truly harm our spirit. b. Judgments. c. When our will is not in harmony with the will of the Greek gods. d. Our habits that we feel shame about. 4. For Aristotle, the function/essence/form of human beings is a. happiness. b. pleasure. c. honor. d. reason. 5. Soldiers are dominated by which part of the psyche? a. Appetites. b. Reason. c. Spirit. d. Obedience. 6. Plato differs from Aristotle since he is a. a skeptic. b. a believer that humans are naturally evil. c. other-worldly. d. All of the above. Adams State University – Extended Studies© Instructor: Delilah Caldwell Page 1 of 8 Name: ________________________________ Please Print May 2015 ADAMS STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENDED STUDIES PHIL 201 – INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY Exam II 7. For Plato, the objects of opinion are a. The Forms. b. religious and ethical claims. c. objects of imagination. d. objects of sense-experience. 8. For Plato, the highest Form is a. The Form of God. b. The Form of materialism. c. The Form of the Good. d. The Form of the Sun. 9. In the beginning, prisoners in the Cave think Reality is a. whatever the priest says. b. whatever flickers from the ice/fire sculpture. c. shadows and echoes. d. faith they can leave the cave. 10. For the stoic, what is under our control? a. Reputation. b. Body. c. Emotions. d. All of the above. 11. Given the problem of criterion a. none of our beliefs are grounded/ultimately justified. b. depending on what we compare our problems to, they can be big or small. c. God makes our choices. d. The age of the city-state has come to an end. 12. Of the biographies, who was the wildest kid? a. Aristotle. b. Augustine. c. Epicurus. d. None, they were all good-two-shoes book worms. 13. How did Ambrose help Augustine accept Christianity? a. Overview of all the miracles Jesus performed. b. Not to take the Bible literally. c. Reflect upon his heart. d. The comfort Christ gives to those in need. Adams State University – Extended Studies© Instructor: Delilah Caldwell Page 2 of 8 Name: ________________________________ Please Print May 2015 ADAMS STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENDED STUDIES PHIL 201 – INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY Exam II 14. For the stoics, god/logos is a. love. b. reason. c. our deepest selves. d. our greatest passion. 15. Why did Augustine procrastinate in becoming a Christian? a. His mother. b. Hyper-rationality of Greek philosophy. c. Other religions seemed equally justified. d. His lustfulness. 16. What would be the lowest on the Great Chain of Being? a. God, since foundation. b. Rocks. c. Mean dogs, since mean for a reason. d. Evil. 17. Against the sophists, Plato argues: a. We have knowledge. b. Not all is in flux. c. Morality is connected to the structure of reality. d. The soul is immortal. 18. Who would be unjust to Plato? a. Anyone who takes anything to the extreme. b. Someone dominated by reason, since reason is without empathy/sympathy. c. The atheist. d. Lovers of honor. 19. According to Plato, the psyche is made up of how many parts? a. One; since the psyche is unified. b. Two; the forces of good and the forces of evil. c. Three; appetites, spirit, and reason. d. Infinite; to explain the many types of characters in the world. 20. What puzzled Augustine about the pear tree incident? a. Why he didn’t do it sooner. b. Why he couldn’t see that God is responsible for the growing of pears. c. Why he did it. d. Why it brought so much happiness. Adams State University – Extended Studies© Instructor: Delilah Caldwell Page 3 of 8 Name: ________________________________ Please Print May 2015 ADAMS STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENDED STUDIES PHIL 201 – INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY Exam II Part II: Multi-Part Essay. Answer two of the following multi-part essays (40 points each): Aristotle What is teleology, what is one of Aristotle’s arguments for teleology? For Aristotle, what is the highest good for humans? Provide his argument. For Aristotle, what is “virtue”? How do we come to have virtues? Explain Aristotle’s doctrine of the mean. How do we determine the mean? For Aristotle, what is best in life? Provide his reasoning. What do you think is best in life? Justify your answer. Plato Explain the Allegory of the Cave, what is this allegory teach us about reality and education? For Plato, what is the highest Form? What is the relationship between this highest Form and everything else? For Plato, why is philosophy as “training for dying”? Provide one argument for the immortality of the soul. Do you think there are immortal souls? Justify your answer. Hellenistic philosophy What, according to the Epicureans, are the false beliefs about the gods, and how do these false beliefs distress us? On what distinction does Stoicism rest? Explain how making this distinction is the key, for the Stoic, to both happiness and freedom. What is the problem of the criterion? What do Skeptics conclude from the problem of criterion? Of the Hellenistic philosophies, which do you think provides the best guide to life? Justify your answer. Answer on the following pages. Adams State University – Extended Studies© Instructor: Delilah Caldwell Page 4 of 8 Name: ________________________________ Please Print May 2015 ADAMS STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENDED STUDIES PHIL 201 – INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY Exam II Multi-Part Essay 1 Adams State University – Extended Studies© Instructor: Delilah Caldwell Page 5 of 8 Name: ________________________________ Please Print May 2015 ADAMS STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENDED STUDIES PHIL 201 – INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY Exam II Adams State University – Extended Studies© Instructor: Delilah Caldwell Page 6 of 8 Name: ________________________________ Please Print May 2015 ADAMS STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENDED STUDIES PHIL 201 – INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY Exam II Multi-Part Essay 2 Adams State University – Extended Studies© Instructor: Delilah Caldwell Page 7 of 8 Name: ________________________________ Please Print May 2015 ADAMS STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENDED STUDIES PHIL 201 – INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY Exam II Adams State University – Extended Studies© Instructor: Delilah Caldwell Page 8 of 8 Name: ________________________________ Please Print May 2015 ...
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